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Commonwealth essay competition malaysia

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The Queen s Commonwealth Essay Writing Competition

Anubis - God of the Afterlife Essay. The Egyptian Book of the commonwealth malaysia, Dead . Egyptian creation stories tell of several variations of how theworld was composed. According to one variation, the thesis on gender, ocean was the only thingin existence. Then the sun, Ra, came out of an egg (or a flower in someversions) that appeared on the surface of the water. Ra created fourchildren. They were the gods Shu and Geb and essay competition malaysia the goddesses Tefnut and Nut.Shu and Tefnut became the air, who stood on Geb, the paper on age diversity, earth, and held up Nut,who became the sky. Ra ruled over all. . The Mysterious Great Sphinx Of Giza. I Thought There Would Be Answers: The Mysterious Great Sphinx of GizaAt the request of Napoleon Bonaparte in the early 1800’s Dominique Vivant Baron Denon French artist and diplomat was to record the malaysia, exploits and accomplishments of Bonaparte’s Egyptian campaign. In 1802, he published his travels. Steps Of Learning Essay! “The perfection given by the Egyptians to commonwealth the representations of their animals proves that they were not without an idea of that bold style which expresses much character in a few lines, and their execution tended to the grave, and to ideal perfection, as we have already remarked in instance of the Sphinx.” The generally accepted date of the essay, great Sphinx of malaysia, Giza is 2500BC attributed to Pharaoh Khafre of the fourth dynasty.

If this is the generally accepted information about the Sphinx, why are there still many unanswered questions that cause such discourse in essay a search for commonwealth competition malaysia answers? Despite extensive research regarding the history of the Sphinx, the methods and evidence surrounding the monument are unsubstantial and the mysteries remain unanswered.The Sphinx is a 240 feet long and of learning to write essay 70 feet tall monument carved out of different layers of limestone in the Giza Plateau. The Sphinx has a human head and commonwealth the body of university, a lion. Egyptian Sphinxes are not to be confused with Grecian Sphinxes, which have the head of a woman on a winged lion, sent down to Thebes, Greece to devour those who could not solve her riddles. Ancient playwright Sophocles displayed a Grecian Sphinx in Oedipus Rex, a tragedy were Oedipus, King of Thebes, defeats the Sphinx by answering its riddle. The Greek name “Sphinx” derives from the verb “to strangle”, which the Grecian Sphinx would do to their victims that could not solve her riddles. It is undocumented what the original Egyptian name for the Giza Sphinx but the Egyptians of the new kingdom called the Sphinx Horemakhet (Horus in the horizon) the god of early morning or sunrise. The Sphinx represents the guardian of the Giza plateau. Revered in Ancient Egypt the feline form has a long association with royalty, power and protection. An evacuation lead by French archaeologist Dr. Alain Zivie believed inscriptions suggest Egyptians bred lions as well as buried them in sacred cemeteries.

In 2001, Zive and his crew found a mummified lion in the tomb of a woman understood to be the commonwealth essay competition, wet nurse of Pharaoh Tutankhamen dated to 1430. The wear of the lion’s teeth indicate it lived to old age and was in captivity. One theorist, Robert Temple, declares the Sphinx is not a lion at all, because of the flat back, lack of labor essays, mane, and the disproportion of the essay competition malaysia, head. He believes the original statue was craved before the malaysia, old kingdom and portrayed the Egyptian god Anubis, with a head of a jackal and body of a man (see figure 1). Anubis is traditionally associated with mummification and the afterlife . Temple believes that between 2200-2000BC, the essay, monument was defaced then re-carved during the fourth dynasty in the image of Pharaoh Khafre. He also presumes. . This Report Is About Ancient Egyptian Pyramids And How They Were Built. Also Includes Information On Why They Were Built. Title: Egyptian Pyramids. The ruins of 35 major pyramids still stand near the Nile River in Egypt. Pyramids were built as the home of the everlasting for the king, the pharaoh's Castle of Eternity.

The ancient Egyptians believed in life after death. The pyramids were the homes for Egyptian royalty when they died. Inside the pyramids with the royal body, were kept precious treasures and gold so that the body would live happily in berkeley phd thesis the so called Afterlife. Essay Malaysia! . Throughout the ages in commonwealth competition many different cultures people have questioned what we are to expect after death. Some cultures believed being reborn after death, some believed in spirits of loved ones protecting them after death and others believed in commonwealth essay competition a life after death. The Egyptians were a culture that prepared thoroughly for their afterlife most tombs contained treasures or belongings that a person was to ‘bring’ with them to the afterlife . One of the items that was desired to have buried with them was a Book of the labor essays, Dead or a scroll that contained spells and commonwealth malaysia prayers that was to bring good fortune to a person in their afterlife . One great example of a Book of the dead scroll is the Last Judgement Of Hunefer (Fig 3-37). This scroll was from the tomb of a royal Theban scribe Hunefer , who served under Seti I during the 19th dynasty or between 1300-1290 BCE. The scroll itself was painted on commonwealth essay, papyrus , the commonwealth malaysia, scroll stands about 1’ 6’’ high and is located now in the British Museum of London.

With no prior knowledge to of learning essay egyptian history or hieroglyphics one could guess what the scroll narrates by it’s illustrations. We begin by seeing a man kneeling down before a row of many figures , these were the commonwealth malaysia, egyptian gods many with heads of animals , the man who is Hunefer is most likely praying for a prosperous journey through the afterlife . We then witness Hunefer being walked into a hall escorted by Anubis the jackal headed god of in the workplace, mummification and the afterlife . Anubis then leads Hunefer to a scale which has a jar that contains the deceased persons heart. The jar containing the heart was then weighed against a feather of the goddess Maat who was goddess of truth an justice. This scale would determine the fate of the deceased if a heart weighed to be sinful the crocodile, hippopotamus, lion, Ammit would devour the deceased persons heart . As the scales weigh the final judgement Thoth the ibis headed god of the scribes and knowledge would record the moment. The Book of the Dead usually favored the dead in their journey in the afterlife . Hunefer was then escorted by Horus. . Egyptian Hieroglyphs And Coptic Essay. Primary sources, such as archaeological sites, artifacts and written material from different historical periods gives one an commonwealth essay malaysia, insight into the lives and beliefs of the people and the culture responsible for creating those artifacts and shaping their lives. Ancient Egypt, with its treasure trove of excavated sites, the treasures of the tombs of the Pharoah’s, the vast collection of inscribed stones and detailed papyrus scrolls shows us the beliefs which informed ancient Egyptian culture. University! After the advent of Christianity, Egypt became home to the Coptics and some of the most important icons and other artifacts of commonwealth competition malaysia, this religious denomination provide insights into the belief of this Christian religious sect.

St Catherine's monastery in the Sinai holds some of the most important icons of the Coptic religion and research on age in the workplace it shows the various phases in the development of the order as well as the art of iconoclasm. This paper explores the lives and beliefs of Egyptians based on their hieroglyphs as well as Coptic artifacts. Judgment before Osiris, a painted papyrus from the Egyptian Book of Dead, Dynasty 19, at present located in the British Museum is an important artifact that aids in commonwealth competition the study of the funerary practices that were one of the most important aspects of ancient Egyptian civilization. This papyrus contains not only hieroglyphs but also illustrations and these are generally placed in the coffin in commonwealth malaysia the belief that the dead person could use them in the afterworld or in the event of commonwealth malaysia, resurrection. The papyrus scroll contains a host of characters from Egyptian mythology, associated with the Dynasty 19 such as Anubis, “the jackal headed god of embalming” who is charged with the task of looking after the judgment scales, used to weigh a person’s deeds on labor essays, earth. The person being judged is Hunefer, the Royal scribe, who was part of the administrative machinery of ancient Egypt. The elaborate scroll and the presence of the several deities from the essay competition malaysia, Egyptian pantheon reveal the importance of the scribe in labor essays the Egyptian administrative setup. One of the most important elements of ancient Egypt that is seen in the scroll is the importance of the afterlife for Egyptians. The vast array of characters, the number of gods and goddesses, the solemnity of the whole exercise points out the fact that the Egyptians were staunch believers in the afterlife and their actions, especially relative to funerary practices reveals their religiosity as well as stress upon essay, mortality.The element of righteousness and berkeley university its impact upon one's afterlife is one of the most important aspects of this scroll. The weighing scales and commonwealth competition the feather and heart are symbolic, in thesis and development the sense that the feather is symbolic of righteousness while the heart may be seen as a symbol of the dead person whose vices and virtues have to be weighed before the person can be awarded “eternal life.” The importance of good deeds as a precursor for resurrection and also to essay competition malaysia enjoy a happy afterlife is understood from. . Ancient Egyp Gods And Godesses: From A To Z. Anubis was the Egyptian god of embalming and paper on age in the workplace the keeper of secrets.

He was associated with the commonwealth competition malaysia, mummification and labor essays protection of the dead and journey to the afterlife . He was portrayed man with a jackal’s head, or in jackal form holding a flail in commonwealth competition malaysia the crook of his arm and wearing a ribbon. Singing Is My Passion! In the Old Kingdom he was the most important God, where he was associated with the burial of the commonwealth competition malaysia, pharaoh. He was very important because the Egyptians worshiped two things: 1. the berkeley, gods and 2. The dead. The ancient Egyptians also believed in the afterlife . So another reason why Anubis was so important was because, on your travel to the afterlife he was there waiting for you. He takes your heart, weighs it and decides your fate in the underworld depending on how heavy your heart is compared to a feather.

Bastet was the goddess of warfare in lower Egypt, before the unification. She is the goddess of joy, the home and the warmth of the competition malaysia, sun. In modern day she is portrayed as a woman with the head of paper on age diversity in the, a cat. Before the unification, Bastet was the lioness-goddess, but that role became diminished as Sekhmet, a similar deity became more dominant in the Two Lands (Upper and Lower Egypt). In the 1st millennium BC, during the competition malaysia, 18th dynasty when domesticated cats were popularly kept as pets, Bastet started being represented as a woman with the head of thesis and development, a cat, and then ultimately by the end of the commonwealth, 22nd dynasty she became the cat-goddess. She was seen as a protective and gentle goddess, and she would appear with the head of a lioness in singing battle to protect the King. She was very important to the ancient Egyptians because she was the goddess of protection.Cleopatra VII or mainly known as Cleopatra was the last active pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. She was a member of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a Greek family who ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great’s death in the Hellenistic period. Throughout the essay competition, Ptolemaic dynasty, they refused to labor essays learn to essay competition malaysia speak Egyptian and spoke only Greek. As contrast, Cleopatra did learn Egyptian and represented herself as the steps essay, reincarnation of the Egyptian goddess, Isis. She was supported by two roman generals, Mark Anthony and Julius Caesar.

When Augustus conquered the essay competition malaysia, Roman Empire he declared war with Cleopatra and Anthony and defeated them in 31 BC. Augustus arrived in Alexandria and demanded Cleopatra’s surrender but she was too proud for that and committed suicide. There are many theories as to how she died, but the most popular one is that she let an Egyptian cobra bite her in the breast. She was very important because she was one of the few female pharaohs. And also because she was the only one to learn Egyptian in singing the Ptolemaic dynasty. Historically she very famous for her manipulative ways and how she died.Deir El-Medina is an ancient Egyptian village about 2km from the Nile river, who housed the workers that worked on the tombs in the valley of the Kings during the 18th and 20th dynasties in the New Kingdom period. The village’s ancient name was Set. . Treasure Hunt In Egypt Fiction Writing. It all began with a man named Rick who was a treasure hunter. He would travel all over Egypt to find gold and jewels in various historical temples. This time he was in competition Karnak searching in the Temple of Amun-Ra, the dwelling of the sun god. Rick assembled a selective team to help him on his exhibition.

They were in search of the Book of Amun-Ra, also known as the Book of the Living. Labor Essays! This book was the opposite essay malaysia, of the Book of the Dead, instead of giving those who have died life to continue into the afterlife , the labor essays, Book of commonwealth essay competition, Amun-Ra took life away. The real reason Rick was searching for this book was because it was made out of solid gold.The team had a systematic way of searching places so the began with the first step. This was to map out the temple so they knew how much ground there was to search. The team was also prudent by finding all the exits to the temple in case of an labor essays, emergency.

After that they set up a base camp in the center of the commonwealth malaysia, temple, so that there was a central place for all of them to meet up at. The final step was to labor essays begin the search. Rick had the commonwealth essay malaysia, foresight to read the hieroglyphics of the walls to see if there were any hints to where the Book of Amun-Ra was hidden. Rick noticed on the wall there was a story of commonwealth competition malaysia, a pharaoh, who was very fastidious. He would send armies to essay conquer the Nile, which was a vital factor of every cities economy. It was used for trade, irrigation, and even drinking water. Whoever controlled the Nile controlled Egypt. There were many battles, and the pharaoh was gaining more and more of the Nile but many soldiers were dieing.

Instead of being judicious by bringing his troops home and on gender and development appreciating the essay, ground he had conquered, he decided to have fight for more. The people didn’t like that at all. Steps Of Learning Essay! One day, one of the high priests used the Book of Amun-Ra to take the commonwealth competition, soul of the pharaoh and send him to the underworld. Anubis kept him in the underworld for all eternity as a punishment for his greediness. That was all there was written on steps to write essay, the wall other than some minutiae.For a week the team showed diligence, but soon people were becoming impatient.

Rick noticed the team’s morale lowering, so he started meticulously searching the whole temple for a clue of where the commonwealth essay, Book of Amun Ra was. Finally, in one room there was a message that read “The Book and him can’t be brought apart, so he keeps it by his heart. The Book isn’t for mortal eyes to see, so leave now and labor essays let it be. Those who read this message in denial, be prepared to drink from the Nile.” Next to commonwealth essay competition malaysia the message there was a statue of Ra. Rick called the team over and devised a meeting to vote to see if everyone still wanted to get the book even though there is a warning. Since they had been there for more than a week the team voted to crack open the statue and paper on age diversity retrieve the Book.The following day the commonwealth essay competition malaysia, team assembled a work area around the. Steps Of Learning To Write! . Essay! Religion was not a monolithic institution, it consisted of a large variety of different beliefs and thesis on gender practices, all of which were linked by the common focus on the interaction between the Egyptian people and the divine realm, as the gods of this realm linked the Egyptian understanding of the world.

As the Ancient Egyptian Religion was an integral part of commonwealth malaysia, ancient Egyptian society. Polytheism the belief of multiple deities usually assembled into a pantheon of singing essay, gods and goddesses along with their own mythologies and rituals was an essential aspect of ancient Egyptian religion. As the competition, Ancient Egyptian religion included a large and diverse pantheon of gods and goddesses, and around these deities arose a rich mythology that helped explain the world. As these deities of Egyptian cosmology played specific roles within the Egyptian society, as the It was their representation through artwork that communicated particular symbols and meanings within this ancient society, it must be noted that the paper on age diversity workplace, portrayals of the gods in commonwealth malaysia the art were not meant as literal illustrations of the gods, if they were visible. As the gods were believed to be mysterious, these depictions instead gave recognizable forms to these abstract deities using symbolic imagery, of labor essays, animals, colour and clothing to communicate each deity’s role within this ancient society. .

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The Queen s Commonwealth Essay Writing Competition

Narrative Essay About Fear Essays and Research Papers. About Narrative Essay Narrative essay is a popular topic on the Continuous Writing . Essay Competition? section and students should take note that this topic has appeared in the SPM examination almost every year since the paper was introduced. Many people think that writing a story is a difficult task, but believe me, it is much easier than what you think because you are not confined to to write, any particular point. Therefore, you are free to voice out everything that is in commonwealth essay competition your mind. A narrative essay is a piece of writing. A Story , Character , Essay 1134 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essays : To Tell a Story There are four types of essay, essays : Exposition - gives information . about various topics to the reader. Essay Competition? Description - describes in detail characteristics and labor essays, traits. Essay Competition Malaysia? Argument - convinces the reader by demonstrating the truth or falsity of a topic. Narrative - tells a story, usually from one person’s viewpoint. A narrative essay uses all the thesis on gender story elements - a beginning and ending, plot, characters, setting and climax - all coming together to essay competition malaysia, complete the.

A Story , Essay , Essays 1444 Words | 5 Pages. The Narrative Essay *What is a Narrative Essay ? • Narrative writing tells a . story. In essays , the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author's values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from commonwealth competition that past, or even observe the present. • The author may write about : -An experience or event from commonwealth his or her past. -A recent or ongoing experience or event. . Essay , Essay mill , Metaphor 1511 Words | 6 Pages. ?The Fear I Will Overcome I have this fear . It causes my knees to shake. Steps Of Learning Essay? I break out in commonwealth a cold sweat. My heart starts to passion essay, beat at . 100 miles per hour and I get light headed. I am crying inside but try to act strong around people who think that I am the toughest one there. The thoughts of certain death run through my mind as I imagine my own funeral. Commonwealth Competition? My stomach feels strange. My palms are clammy.

I am terrified of heights. Of course, it is not really a fear of being in a high place. Berkeley Phd Thesis? It is the view of. Amusement park , Anxiety , Debut albums 1144 Words | 4 Pages. to deliver more oxygen to essay, the muscles. Functions of the thesis digestive and immune systems stop, allowing the competition malaysia body to focus all its energy against the imminent . Labor Essays? danger.

During this process, it becomes increasingly difficult to focus on anything but this fear . The body will do everything it can to prepare itself to commonwealth essay competition, fight or to run, but in the end only the individual can choose what to do. Ever since I was a little girl I loved to paper on age, climb trees. My brother and I would climb trees all through the year. We. English-language films , I Decided , Tree climbing 1423 Words | 4 Pages. Narrative Essay A Brief Guide to Writing Narrative Essays Narrative writing tells a . Competition? story. In essays the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author's values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from on gender that past, or even observe the present. When you're writing a narrative essay , loosen up.

After all, you're basically just telling a story to someone, something you probably do every day in casual conversation. Essay , Experience , Five paragraph essay 1314 Words | 5 Pages. the store manager he wanted to commonwealth essay competition malaysia, see me. This was the longest walk down the corridor. My thoughts were racing faster than my heart. I did not have a clue as to phd thesis, . what this meeting was going to be about malaysia . I knocked on the door and the manager said, ?Come in, close the doors and have a seat?. The manager talked about an essay, incident that happen at another store, the competition malaysia manager had to fire this gentleman; he became violent to the manager due to commonwealth malaysia, the termination of his employment. The police were called the gentleman. College , Diploma , Education 965 Words | 3 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs.

Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on what type of writing style . they think is more superior to another, I believe descriptive writing to be more excellent writing style then narrative . Competition Malaysia? I can tell you that there are a few similarities and a few differences between the two. I prefer Descriptive essays , rather than narrative essays . Steps To Write Essay? In my belief, it's that the commonwealth descriptive essays are more effective when an author is trying to convey a story or get a. Essay , Fiction , Narrative 1153 Words | 4 Pages. How to singing is my passion, Write an Accomplishment Essay What are your three most substantial accomplishments, and why do you view them as such? — Harvard . http://www.free- essay -writing-topics.com/index.php?page=mba-application-accomplishment-questions What is the most significant change or improvement you have made to an organization with which you have recently been affiliated? Describe the process you went through to identify the need for change and manage the process of commonwealth essay competition malaysia, implementing change. What were the results. Narrative , This Boy's Life , Writing 1811 Words | 4 Pages. As a mode of expository writing, the thesis on gender narrative approach, more than any other, offers writers a chance to think and write about . themselves. We all have experiences lodged in essay our memories, which are worthy of sharing with readers.

Yet sometimes they are so fused with other memories that a lot of the labor essays time spent in writing narrative is in the prewriting stage. When you write a narrative essay , you are telling a story. Competition Malaysia? Narrative essays are told from berkeley phd thesis a defined point of commonwealth malaysia, view, often the author's, so there. Article , Essay , Essays 797 Words | 3 Pages. loud and loves GOD. Steps Of Learning Essay? I had some close friends on the van and some that were not close. Commonwealth Competition? As I sat in the third row of the van by the window I felt pain enter . Labor Essays? my stomach like I have never felt before. The urge to use the restroom and I am not talking about number one. I repeatedly asked Sam how much longer we had until the commonwealth essay next stop at a restroom. His response was just a couple more miles. I continued to squeeze my bottom cheeks together hoping and steps of learning to write essay, praying my stomachache would go away.

Unfortunately. Middle school , Sensory 754 Words | 4 Pages. ?Sarah Bublitz 03/26/2014 Narrative Essay Have you ever had someone you had a rocky relationship with that doesn’t leave . you alone? Well, I have. I’m divorced from this man and commonwealth essay malaysia, he still continues to commonwealth essay competition malaysia, bother me. He is always around and I can’t get rid of him. You might ask me why and I’ll tell you. It’s because we have two beautiful daughters together and I have to be an commonwealth essay malaysia, adult and still communicate with him about our children.

Why can’t he be an adult, I have no idea. I’m still trying. Marriage 1062 Words | 2 Pages. September 11th, 2012 Asmaa Salem Narrative Essay I am an average 16 year who just can’t wait to university, grow up and face the competition real . world and workplace, not have to worry about any rules or restrictions. On January 12th, 1996, my parents named me Asmaa, so I have to stick with that name for the rest of my life. Personally, I like the essay competition malaysia name because it’s the name of a very great person; more of a hero in Islam.

Names in my family go with a pattern; but this only singing is my, goes for girls. The pattern is the double ‘A’ at the. 2008 albums , Debut albums , Frustration 1565 Words | 4 Pages. within a narrative are very important. They help set the stage so the commonwealth essay competition reader can understand the of learning to write essay story from the commonwealth essay competition author’s perspective. A . narrative is structured so the reader can see things clearly. Research On Age Diversity In The Workplace? The structure contains the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. The introduction has a thesis statement. Competition? A thesis statement is a sentence that states the singing is my passion main point of the narrative . The introduction will clarify the main points the writer will make throughout the body of the narrative . The body.

Automobile , Bicycle , Causality 1419 Words | 4 Pages. Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . narrative essay is about storytelling for a narrative story to work it must capture and hold the audience attention you must give a clear understanding of your story. A descriptive essay lets you describe in detail what the essay is all about using words that appeal to your sense of smell, hearing, see, touch, and taste. Commonwealth? A descriptive essay lets you use words that. Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative . Essays Are a Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in paper on age in the workplace nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the descriptive essay “Homeless” because the narrative essay has a point of view, uses humor and satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the reader in. “Narration is storytelling from the perspective of.

Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. NARRATIVE ESSAY PROMPTS [Being Unprepared] Because you have been sick, out of essay competition, town, busy at work, or working on other . homework, you didn't have as much time to study for an important test as you needed. Everyone going to school has been in this situation. Think of a specific test that you took that you felt unprepared for and narrate the events. Of Learning To Write Essay? Tell your readers about the preparation that you were able to do, the essay competition malaysia reasons that you didn't get to prepare as well as you wanted, taking the test. Change , Learning , Narrative 1202 Words | 3 Pages.

Romeo Teves EN101 Narrative Essay Professor Petro Fall 2012 Narrative . Research Paper Diversity Workplace? Essay : Early Morning Surfin’ ------------------------------------------------- Childhood is one of the commonwealth competition most important things that make us who we are. These are the times when we learn certain things, do certain things and create certain things. Friends that we acquire while growing up seem to be the singing passion essay longest lasting type of friends, versus friends that we make when we are in our late. Big wave surfing , Electromagnetic radiation , Surfing 1244 Words | 3 Pages. ‘ Fear Constructs our Reality’ “The one permanent emotion of the inferior man is fear - fear of the unknown, the . complex, and the inexplicable. What he wants above everything else is safety.” Henry Louis Mencken. Fear is one of the strongest emotions for every human being; like love or hate it can distort our mind, causing us to not think or act logically in commonwealth malaysia different circumstances. Fear , like the fear of speaking in public, can effect each individual differently; some of on gender and development, us are able to essay competition malaysia, control. Cognition , Metaphysics , Mind 1360 Words | 4 Pages. Narrative Essay About an thesis on gender, Embarrassing Moment. anything else except my heart beating at an unusual rapid pace.

I became extremely nervous, I started sweating, my legs started shaking and commonwealth competition, I felt dizzier . than before. Is My Essay? I felt upset, unmotivated, shameful, sad, angry, and essay malaysia, jealous. All what I could think about is essay competition how did I fail? And most importantly, how I am going to convey the essay competition news to my parents? What explanations and excuses l Benhaddouch 3 have to come up with? Is it typical teenager behavior?

There could have been many things to blame. Eleanor Boardman , Failure , Failure rate 832 Words | 3 Pages. Structure of a Personal Narrative Essay. CLRC Writing Center Structure of a Personal Narrative Essay “ Narrative ” is and development a term more commonly known as . Essay Competition? “story.” Narratives written for to write, college or personal narratives , tell a story, usually to some point, to illustrate some truth or insight. Following are some tools to help you structure your personal narrative , breaking it down into parts. The “Hook” Start your paper with a statement about your story that catches the reader’s attention, for example: a relevant quotation, question, fact.

First-person narrative , Grammatical person , Grammatical tense 789 Words | 5 Pages. Donna Franklin Composition I 3 February 2013 Narrative Essay Significant components of life can happen at any time, . anywhere. Most times people don’t know when they happen until years later when those tiny little things lead into something much bigger. Things can be as simple as meeting someone in school one day to getting a random text at your grandmother’s funeral viewing. Though they can be odd and something one would never expect in a million years, they can also be subtle enough to lead. Family , Friendship , Grandparent 1224 Words | 3 Pages. SCARED OF THE DARK Have you ever had a fear that makes you so nervous?

Are you scared of the dark? Well, I am. Malaysia? I’m so scared of the dark . sometimes. I get worried when I’m all alone in the dark. Ever since I was young the night would scared me. When I was younger, I would always make sure to thesis, be home before the sun went down. If it was night, I would always be in a well-lit place.

If it was quiet and no noise, I felt like spirit is present. My biggest fear is essay competition being alone in the dark, because there. Akira Kurosawa , Anxiety , Basement 1144 Words | 3 Pages. ? PART I ESSAY Origin of thesis and development, Essay History of essay as a literature form has begun in 1580 when Michel de . Montaigne has published the commonwealth essay book “Les Essais”. In French term “essais” means “try” or “experience”. It was a book written because of on gender and development, boredom; it did not have a distinct structure or plan, and consisted of individual chapters, formally unrelated to each other. Montaigne suggested his literary tests in form of initial essay , highlighting their subjective, relative, and inconclusive sides.

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Bus stop , Kelantan , Kota Bharu 1560 Words | 4 Pages. ? NARRATIVE ESSAY NORMAL AGING OR ALZHEIMER’S? ENGLISH 101 DUE: 11-03-13 BY MELVA NORZAGARAY Normal aging or Alzheimer’s ? . I am never going to essay competition, forget the beginning of the most important lesson life has taught me up to research in the workplace, this date. Essay Competition Malaysia? It was a rainy day. The sky was gloomy and the air was blowing cold. Labor Essays? That day was very important to me, because my mother had an appointment with the Neurologist. It was the first time she would visit him. She did not know why we were going to see him. Alzheimer's disease , Caregiving and dementia , Dementia 896 Words | 5 Pages.

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Resume Format Guide - Reverse-Chronological, Functional, Combination Styles. By Resume Genius. Making a perfect resume needs more than just error-free spelling and grammar. A resume must be framed and formatted to present you in malaysia the best way possible, a process that requires combining creativity, composition, and marketing. Therefore, we’ve written this resume format guide to be a comprehensive resource to essay malaysia, those looking to format their own resumes.

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As the name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from newest (most relevant) to singing is my passion, oldest (least relevant). This means the commonwealth malaysia resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience. This structure allows you to present yourself in terms of your promotions and upward career mobility , and is therefore particularly useful for entry to mid level applicants looking to boost their careers. I should use a reverse chronological resume format if… I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression.

I want to apply to a job in steps essay a similar field. Essay Malaysia? I don’t have large work experience gaps. I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in labor essays my employment history. I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about competition what should be in and development included in a reverse-chronological resume, click here. The functional resume format frames the candidate in terms of the skills and abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the functional resume ignores when and where the essay competition malaysia candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at commonwealth essay competition malaysia, the top of the essay competition resume in order of most relevant to least relevant skills. Even the “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to the job you are applying for. Labor Essays? “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of your most relevant skills.” Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the commonwealth competition candidate is hiding something. By using the functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for labor essays, the job, and hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for periods of time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is beneficial.

I should use a functional resume format if… I have unusually large gaps in my employment history. Competition Malaysia? I am in labor essays the midst of a big career change into a new industry. I want to promote a specific skill set. I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility. I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience.

I lack relevant or transferable skills. To learn more about what should be in included in a functional resume, click here. A combination resume is literally a combination of the reverse-chronological and functional resume formats. Commonwealth? Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of singing essay qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to the job opening. (This is the commonwealth essay competition malaysia functional part.) This introductory section is commonwealth essay competition malaysia then followed by your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and additional sections. (This is the reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if…

I want to commonwealth competition, showcase a relevant and well-developed skill set. Commonwealth Competition? I want to competition, transfer to a different industry. I am a master at what I do. I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. I want to emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and skills. To learn more about what should be in research on age in the included in a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in commonwealth competition this guide please feel free to university phd thesis, post them in the comments at the bottom of the page and one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for essay competition, you!

PS. Need that job? Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume. Click Here to Download. Our Resume Checklist. If I apply a admin. job but I only passion, have relevant experience several years ago, and now in essay school learning social service. How can I make my resume? Emphasize old skills and transferable skills from social service in a combination or functional resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience.

Good luck on the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. Best of luck on the job hunt! We suggest that you stick with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Good luck! I did a career shift recently to teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in planning and development. I have recently completed a graduate degree in education and have 2 years of teaching experience in a preschool setting and berkeley trying to commonwealth essay, now make the shift to elementary age. Workplace? Do you think I should use a combination resume? A combination resume should work for your situation. Commonwealth? Check out our combination format writing guide for more info: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/combination-resume-samples. For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by to write essay them — does the internship go above or below the primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at HSBV from essay 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at commonwealth malaysia, HSBV — from competition 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of my employment with them.

Should the internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Good luck! I have what I perceive to be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an army veteran of nearly 7 years and now I am studying to get my BS is Homeland Security. I joined the army at 19 in 2006 and got out in 2013. From 2013 until January of this year, I have been trying to make my own way as an entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in order to stay on of learning, top of essay my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at on gender, various bars and clubs at night. Commonwealth Competition? I am currently looking for an internship as part of thesis my degree program so i need to competition malaysia, create a resume. I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to blur the thesis on gender past 3 years.

However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume. I need to know how firm that rule is. Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to accept advice. Thanks. In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. This will allow you to focus on your skills that are relevant to competition, the internship you are applying for. Good luck on the job hunt and paper on age diversity workplace thank you for your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for commonwealth essay competition, a part-time job that fits my class schedule and isn’t in the fast-food industry to help me pay rent next year. Phd Thesis? I have never had to write a resume for any of my other jobs so I’m at competition, a loss as to what to of learning to write essay, do. I am applying as an entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and about half of commonwealth essay my sophomore year.

Therefore I’m not really sure how to approach this and I really need this job. Please help! Thanks! Good luck on the job hunt! Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to paper on age in the, include your research and writing experience. Good luck on the job hunt.

Several positions require a chronological resume be included. I am over 40, most recent position was over 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Recently received my AA degree. I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for many reasons but I am not trying to look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to be a pediatric nurse for two years till moved to this country on essay, 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and want to start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me? In your case, we suggest using a functional resume. Best of luck on the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and before this I worked as Operations Manager in a different company. On Gender And Development? Now I want to malaysia, apply for labor essays, a job (Title : Plant Manager). I am confused which format I should choose to post for this job opportunity.

Please recommend. We suggest sticking with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it. With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut. Essay? However, if you truly feel that all of your content is relevant and of interest to the employer, then stick with what you have. Best of luck on the job hunt! I am now trying to steps of learning, rejoin the full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Prior to malaysia, marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for a well known beauty company in NYC (1990-1996).

After that I joined a small firm on Long Island as their first ever Director of PR and advertising (1997-1999). Then babies came. 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of diversity workplace Operations (office manager) from essay competition 2006-2009. Then my family and I moved to Switzerland and just returned after 7 years. I was a teacher of English as a Second Language.

I am looking for work in is my almost any capacity: From Communications manager to administrative assistant. Essay Competition Malaysia? I am struggling with how to berkeley university, present my resume. I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the history and essay malaysia why I would be a good fit for any given position, but I’m sure my resume is thesis holding me back. Any ideas. Essay Competition? Thanks in advance! If you’re looking to get back into communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. This will allow you to emphasize your skills instead of the dates of your work experience. As far as explaining work gaps in your cover letter, check out this how-to guide: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions. While I was in high school I did my internship at for State Farm.

After I graduated I was offered a job there and stayed there for 2 years. I have recently worked at the National Instituted of Health for a year. I currently want to singing is my passion, go back to finding an office job or something related and competition malaysia need help deciding what type of resume I should use? Based on the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate. Thesis On Gender? Best of essay competition luck! If the the position you are applying for is also an administrative job, then stick with the traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Good luck on the job hunt! Glad you liked it! Hi there! This is great.

I was just wondering, if I’ve been at the same position for 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for 6 months in steps 2015 that I would like to commonwealth competition malaysia, list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in this role? Thanks! List your current position first. Best of luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable.

Best of luck! It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of berkeley university flexibility with the commonwealth essay competition resume format, but when in and development doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because you’re lacking in transferable skills, I’d recommend working on your resume objective to get your application started on the right foot. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/career-objective-writing-guide. Also consider the soft skills you’ve built during your time working in malaysia a call center. Many of these could potentially be transferable. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is perfectly suited to someone of thesis and development your experience, even with the career change. Good luck making the commonwealth essay malaysia shift back into your previous field!

If you are aiming for a new industry, you can’t go wrong with the classic “reverse-chronological” resume format. Good luck landing your fellowship! Share Resume Format Guide – Reverse-Chronological, Functional, #038; Combination Styles Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to and development, choose from, and easy export to MS Word and commonwealth essay malaysia PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and university Privacy Policy. Play the competition One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and passion essay learn how to commonwealth competition, make your resume 6 second worthy!

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Commonwealth essay competition winners 2017

2000 election essays Journal Articles, Newspapers. Summary of the commonwealth, Bush/Gore Dispute in the U.S. Presidential Election, 2000. In November 2000, the election for the President of the is my, United States was one of the closest in the United States history. Both parties were aware of the commonwealth competition malaysia, trend within three months before. During that time, many polls continued to fluctuate, showing candidates Bush and Gore ahead at different times, usually within the statistical margin of error. Neither party, however, expected the outcome to be as close as it did. The outcome of the election was not known until five weeks after the election.

While outcomes were close in quite a few states, (New Mexico, Oregon, Wisconsin, Iowa and New Hampshire-- all within less than seven thousand), the singing passion, one in question was Florida, a state that had enough electoral votes (25) to determine the election. Election 2000 would become the first election since 1888 where there was a difference between the popular vote and commonwealth essay competition malaysia, the electoral vote-- Vice President Al Gore leading Governor George W. Bush by a little over 500,000 votes while Governor George W. Bush leading Vice President Al Gore in the Electoral College by four votes (271-267). The state of Florida being the one to decide was made even more dramatic as Jeb Bush, George W. Bush's brother, was its governor. Furthermore, Florida was probably the essay, most campaigned state by both candidates as polls there continued to show Gore with a slight lead (but always within the margin of error). To make the certainty of the winner of Florida even more blurry, broadcast networks declared Al Gore the winner earlier in the evening, retracted, and then later declared Bush the winner as well as the winner of the Presidency before again, retracting. The outcome first revealed that out of more than six million votes cast in Florida, Bush led by a slim margin of around 1700 votes. After a machine recount required by Florida law, the margin slipped to below 500. Vice President Al Gore filed a protest and later a contest to the election through the Courts, asking for a hand recount in essay selected Florida counties that leaned Democratic. The grounds for both the protest and diversity, contest was that these counties: Palm Beach, Broward, Miami Dade, and Volusia was that these four had signs of voting irregularities. Essay Competition Malaysia. Irregularites included the quality of the voting tabulation machines and also that certain types of ballots could possibly be misread by machines. While the media highly featured a particular ballot used in Palm Beach County that some voters claimed confused them to vote for a third party candidate, Pat Buchanan, when they intended to vote for Gore, the university phd thesis, main type of ballot that was in question was the commonwealth malaysia, punch card ballot.

The punch card ballot is one where the voter uses a stylus to punch holes, marking their choices. At times the chad, the of learning, piece of paper that is commonwealth essay competition malaysia punched may be left hanging, or may still be so attached that only an indentation is left (a dimple). Steps To Write Essay. Florida Secretary of State, Katherine Harris, insisting on essay, a Florida statute deadline for certification of the voting tally and questioning whether counties can conduct a hand recount, continued to block efforts of research paper diversity in the counties conducting a hand count. Democrats questioned the commonwealth competition malaysia, Republican Secretary of thesis State's motives as she was also the co-chair of the Bush campaign in Florida. Commonwealth Competition Malaysia. The Florida Supreme Court stepped in twice allowing recounts to commence, the second time around coming close to singing is my essay, what a majority of the country wanted-- a hand recount of the entire state in commonwealth essay competition malaysia Florida.

By then some hand counts had occurred and were included in university phd thesis the total, dwindling Bush's uncertified lead to less than 200 votes (the certified lead was 537). Due to a looming deadline for Florida to name its electors within days (December 12), the competition, Florida Supreme Court on December 8 ruled in university phd thesis a 4-3 vote that only undervotes of all counties will be hand counted and then added to the total (undervotes are ballots that machines could not read a presidential choice). However the United States Supreme Court over-ruled the commonwealth competition malaysia, Florida Supreme Court, questioning the Constitutionality of counting only the undervotes and the lack of standards to labor essays, determine the intent of the voter (the intent of the commonwealth competition, voter was the phd thesis, only definition Florida Law gave in competition malaysia determining when a vote counts). Thesis. The lack of standards had enabled different counties to essay competition, consider a vote using different methods, making equal treatment of the ballots fall into question, thus clashing with the Equal Protection Clause in the U.S. Steps Essay. Constitution. On remedying the Constitutional problem, The U.S. Commonwealth Malaysia. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that the Florida Supreme Court had to steps essay, come up with another solution on how hand counts should be conducted. However with the deadline to submit the names of essay electoral voters only being two hours away from the time the U.S. Supreme Court submitted its opinion, that remedy was impossible. So the five justices argued that since the deadline is here, no more recounts can occur, and thus the certified winner (Bush) stands.

The split of the Supreme Court decision appeared deeply partisan-- five conservative leaning judges consenting and commonwealth essay malaysia, four liberal leaning judges dissenting. Many legal experts questioned whether December 12 was the competition, drop dead deadline date considering electors do not vote until December 18 and that in labor essays the past some states didn't even send their electors over until even after the stated date, but were included when Congress read the vote in commonwealth essay competition January. However, if a state did not name its electors by December 12, the U.S. Congress would have had grounds to question the state's electors and that would have led to a Constitutional crisis. In an election that had an outcome of an almost split House of Representatives (five seat difference) and an evenly split Senate (50-50), this historical election makes many political pundits declare the nation to be Divided. Written by Norman Buchwald, Information Literacy and Technology Librarian, Chabot College.

Some Possible Paper Topics--you should narrow any of these topics further before beginning your research. (When is a vote a vote?) For most of the examples given above, you will most often be searching for and development articles on your subject, as recent interest in competition this topic is thesis still new. Note: The above list are possible paper topics, but you MUST come up with a search strategy to effectively research these topics, including coming up with search terms for your topic. Coming up with the commonwealth, best search terms is not always easy. Research On Age Workplace. Each database practically has their own vocabulary when it comes to grouping relevant books and articles together. For example, the official subject heading used in the Library Catalog for United States' Presidential Elections is: Presidents--United States--Election. For tips on how to commonwealth malaysia, develop an effective search strategy, go to singing passion essay, the site below: For tips on finding articles to your subject, go to the site below:

We also have a guide to particular web sites that you could use for your paper or to come up with ideas for your topic: If you need help coming up with search terms, consult the Library of Congress Subject Headings at the reference desk or use thesaurii to come up with other terms. A reference librarian is available on the left side of the circulation/reference desk at all hour the Library is open! This web site was last updated on December 19, 2000. If you have any questions or want to suggest any additions, please contact. Norman Buchwald, Information Literacy and Technology Librarian.

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The Queen s Commonwealth Essay Competition 2018 | Globe

CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AND HUMAN RIGHTS. Criminal justice System of any country is the basis of establishing, Peace and tranquility, includes not only the judicial system but investigating machinery also. To tame the over commonwealth competition, flooding of crimes a strong criminal justice system is is my passion required. Commonwealth Competition Malaysia. Administration of to write justice through the instrumentality of law is an essential component of governance. Commonwealth Competition. Rule of law is the research paper on age diversity in the workplace, bedrock of democracy, which is acknowledged as the best system of governance to ensure respect for human rights. The dignity and worth of the individual being at the core of a democracy, constitutional governance in a democratic set up is the safest guarantee for the protection of human rights and assurance of human resource development. Equal respect for essay, the rights of all sections of the steps of learning essay, society is necessary to obtain full human resource development respecting the basic human right of non-discrimination.

The concept of inclusive democracy recognizes this aspect. Key Words: Criminal Justice System, Democracy, Judiciary, Non-Discrimination Human Rights. The Criminal Justice System has the power to control crime, prevent crime and punish the criminals. Pre-trial procedure involves arrest and Investigation under the Criminal Procedure Code 1973. Criminal Justice System is composed mainly three vital organs, namely (i) Police, (ii) Judiciary and malaysia, (iii) Prison. Arrest means physical restraint put on berkeley, a person as a result of allegation of accusation that he has committed a crime or an offence of quasi-criminal nature1.

Sec.41 (1) of the criminal procedure code confined only to the power to arrest and extends to both cognizable and non-cognisable offences; without the order of a competent magistrate under S.155 (2) of Cr.P.C2. The Code of Criminal Procedure contemplates two types of arrests. (i) Arrest made in pursuance of a warrant issued by commonwealth essay competition, a magistrate; and (ii) arrest made without such warrant but made in accordance with some legal provision permitting such arrest. Sec. 46 of Cr.P.C. Passion Essay. explains how arrest could be made. Any resistance or obstruction to lawful arrest has been made punishable U/s. Commonwealth. 224,225,225-B of IPC. Art.22 (1) of the labor essays, Indian Constitution- No person arrested shall be denied right to consult and to be defended by a legal practioner of his choice. Sec. 303 of Cr.P.C., Any person accused of an offence before a criminal court or against whom proceedings are instituted, may of right to be defended by a pleader of his choice. As the police manage most of the pre-trial events, it is commonwealth competition malaysia necessary to berkeley phd thesis take a look at the Indian police system. The Despatch of the Court of Directors, dated September 24, 1856, gave a candid account of the working of the system: That the police in India have lamentably failed in accomplishing the ends for commonwealth malaysia, which it was established is a notorious fact, that it is labor essays all but useless for the prevention, and sadly inefficient for the detection of crime, is commonwealth essay generally admitted.

Unable to check crime, it is, with rare exceptions, unscrupulous as to its mode of wielding the authority with which it is armed for the functions which it fails to fulfil and has a very general character for labor essays, corruption and oppression3. The British, who had given Britain a new police system between 1829 and 1856, gave India the Police Act, 1861, and competition, the Criminal Procedure Code, 1861.The Indian Evidence Act came a little later. These three acts gave India the university, present police system. Efforts were made later at the provincial level to review and commonwealth essay malaysia, reform the system. A major effort was, however, made at the central level to reform the system when Curzon appointed the Police Commission, 1920. Passion Essay. The Commission studied the work of commonwealth competition police stations and said: There can be no doubt that the police force throughout the country is in a most unsatisfactory condition, that abuses are common everywhere, that this involves great injury to the people and discredit to the government and that radical reforms are necessary4. Investigation is the exclusive dominion of police officer and singing, he cannot be questioned by any authority. In India as has been shown, there is a statutory right on the part of the police to malaysia investigate the circumstances of an of learning to write essay alleged cognizable crime without requiring any authority from the judicial authorities. 5. ‘In the commonwealth, criminal justice system the investigation of an essay competition malaysia offence is the domain of the police.

The power to investigate into the cognizable offence by the police officers is ordinarily not impugned by any fetters. However, such power has to be exercised consistent with the statutory provisions and for commonwealth competition malaysia, legitimate purpose.’ 6. In D.K.Basu vs. Berkeley. State of West Bengal.,7The Apex court laid down 11, guidelines to be followed by police. (i).The police personnel carrying out the arrest and handling the interrogation of the arrestee should bear accurate, visible and clear identification and name togs with their designations.

The particulars of all such police personnel who handle interrogation of the arrestee must be recorded in a register. (ii).Preparation of essay memo of arrest with the witness of to write a family member or local person; (iii).Right of the arrestee to have his relative or friend informed of arrest as soon as practicable; (iv).The details of arrest to be informed within 8 to 12 hours if the relative or friend of the arrestee lives outside the district or town of arrest; (v).The arrestee must be made aware of this right to have someone informed soon after arrest; (vi).Entry in the police diary about arrest and commonwealth, transmission of information to next friend or relative; (vii).In case arrestee requests for examination of his bodily injuries at commonwealth competition, the time of arrest, the request to essay malaysia be complied with; (viii).Subjection of the arrestee to medical examination by a trained doctor every 48 hours during custodial detention; (ix).Copies of documents to be submitted to magistrate; (x).The arrestee may be permitted to meet his lawyer during interrogation, though not throughout the interrogation; (xi).Police control room in District or State headquarters to notify in the notice board about the fact of arrest within 12 hours from the moment of arrest. 1. Indian constitutional Framework. The preamble the people of on gender India has resolved to secure to all citizens the following four objectives:8Justice, social, economic and political; Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; Equality of status and opportunity and to promote among them all and Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation. Indian criminal justice system has two primary responsibilities i.e, prevention and control of crime and the protection of rights. Essay Competition. The most important factor in preventing and determining crime is the certainty of punishment; the efficiency with which who commits crime is arrested, prosecuted, convicted and punished. No constitutional guarantee of fundamental rights existed before or during the regime of Britishers over India. The Indian Constituent assembly after considerable deliberations incorporated a chapter on fundamental rights in the constitution of India. The Supreme Court of India has interpreted the steps essay, Indian Constitution’s fundamental rights guarantees expansively.9The Constitution protects ‘equality before the law’ and ‘equal protection of the laws’ under provisions which embody a broad guarantee against commonwealth essay malaysia arbitrary or irrational state action more generally.

Indian citizens are guaranteed the rights to speech and expression, peaceable assembly, association, free movement, and residence although Parliament may legislate ‘reasonable restrictions’ on some of thesis on gender these rights in the interests of the ‘sovereignty and commonwealth competition malaysia, integrity of India,’ ‘security of the state,’ or ‘public order.’ As discussed below, the Constitution also authorizes suspension of judicial enforcement of these rights during lawful, formally declared periods of emergency. The criminal justice context, the Constitution prohibits ex post facto laws, double jeopardy, and compelled self-incrimination. Individuals arrested and taken into custody must be provided the basis for arrest ‘as soon as may be’ and produced before a magistrate within 24 hours. In its landmark case of D.K. Basu v. State of university phd thesis West Bengal, the commonwealth essay malaysia, Supreme Court extended the Constitution’s procedural guarantees further by requiring the police to follow detailed guidelines for berkeley phd thesis, arrest and interrogation10. The Constitution also guarantees the essay competition, right to counsel of the berkeley university phd thesis, defendant’s choice, and the Supreme Court has held that legal assistance must be provided to indigent defendants at government expense, a right that attaches at the first appearance before a magistrate. These guarantees do not apply to laws authorizing preventive detention, which, as discussed below, the Constitution subjects to a more limited set of protections. While the Constitution does not explicitly protect ‘due process of law,’ it does prohibit deprivation of life or personal liberty from any person except according to ‘procedure established by law,’ and the Supreme Court has broadly interpreted this guarantee to encompass a range of essay competition procedural and malaysia, substantive rights that approximate the concept of ‘due process.’11 Procedures must be ‘right, just and fair,’ and not arbitrary, fanciful or oppressive.12 The Court has held, based on its broad understanding of the right to life and liberty, that the Constitution guarantees the right to privacy13 and freedom from essay competition malaysia torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment14.The Court also has recognized a constitutional right to a fair criminal trial, including among other elements the presumption of innocence; independence, impartiality, and competence of the judge; adjudication at a convenient and non-prejudicial venue; knowledge by the accused of the accusations; trial of the accused and taking of evidence in his or her presence; cross-examination of prosecution witnesses; and presentation of evidence in defense15.

The Constitution also requires a speedy trial, extending from the outset of an investigation through all stages of the criminal process16. Human Rights under Indian Constitution 17. The Indian Constitution shows that human rights have been classified under Indian Constitution into on gender and development, the following categories: a) Fundamental Rights and Rights to freedom (Fundamental freedoms) b) Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, c) Human Rights for commonwealth competition, all and Human Rights for citizens only, d) Justifiable Human Rights and Non-justifiable Human Rights. e) Enumerated Human Rights and Un-enumerated Human Rights. 2. Police and Criminal Justice System frame work. The legal and institutional framework that independent India inherited from the diversity, British to govern criminal law, criminal procedure, and policing largely remains in place today. Police matters are governed primarily by the Police Act of 1861, one of several framework statutes enacted in the wake of the Indian uprising of 1857 to essay competition more firmly establish British control.

The 1861 statute self-consciously followed the paramilitary model of policing that the British had established in Ireland, structuring the police not to promote the research in the, rule of law, serve the community, or ensure accountability, but rather to ‘perpetuate British rule.’ In doing so, the British incorporated the feudal values already present in Indian society, hiring into the police rank and file Indians perceived to be loyal and willing to acquiesce to the place of competition British leadership within the social hierarchy. Upon independence, the British ‘bequeathed’ to India and Pakistan the thesis on gender and development, laws, institutions, philosophy, and norms of the colonial police. The new government implemented no significant changes in policing, and the police remained principally an competition malaysia instrument of coercive state power and political intelligence. The strength of the armed police continued to grow, reaching approximately 60 percent of all forces by the late 1960s18. Research Paper. Despite reform proposals in competition, the intervening years, the Police Act of 1861 continues to essay malaysia govern policing throughout India today19. In the police institutions of contemporary India, notes a former senior police officer, ‘the Raj lives on.’20. These colonial-era laws and institutions are now situated within a post-independence constitutional framework that distributes power between the central and state governments. While the Indian Constitution establishes a strong central government, its role is particularly constrained in policing and criminal justice matters, over commonwealth essay malaysia, which the labor essays, states enjoy broad authority and play the predominant day-to-day role. The Constitution grants the central and state governments’ concurrent jurisdiction to enact substantive and procedural criminal laws, and authorizes the central government to legislate exclusively on matters involving national security and the use of the competition, military or central police forces to help state civilian authorities maintain public order.

At the same time, the commonwealth competition malaysia, Constitution leaves public order and police matters principally to the states, which accordingly regulate, supervise, and exercise highly centralized control over the majority of police resources in their day-to-day operations21. The central government nevertheless retains an active, if circumscribed, role in policing and public order. First, the central government maintains several police and paramilitary forces of its own, including the regular police forces of the seven so-called ‘union territories’ and competition malaysia, the national capital territory of Delhi, which lack full autonomy from the central government. The central government also operates a number of police, investigative, and paramilitary services that have jurisdiction over commonwealth essay competition malaysia, specialized areas. The Central Bureau of Investigation handles complex criminal investigations involving matters such as internal security, espionage, narcotics, and organized crime, particularly when such investigations concern matters of particular national importance or extend across interstate or international borders22. Several central paramilitary forces, with total force strength of over 685,000 individuals, may be deployed to help state police maintain order under appropriate circumstances23.

Ordinarily, these central forces may be deployed only at commonwealth essay competition malaysia, the request or with consent of the relevant state government, given the Constitution’s division of central and state powers, but the precise scope of the central government’s authority to deploy these forces has been controversial24. Second, while the regular domestic police services are subject to singing is my essay state government control, the most senior officers in commonwealth essay competition malaysia, all police forces nationwide are drawn from the Indian Police Service, an university phd thesis ‘all-India’ civil service cadre whose members are recruited, organized, trained, and disciplined by the Union Home Ministry25 IPS officers may be appointed at the rank of assistant superintendent of commonwealth competition police or higher and may be assigned to positions with the state or central governments26.As of January 2005, just under 3,200 IPS officers were assigned to research paper workplace the senior ranks of the competition, state police forces27. Third, the central government has constitutional authority to singing deploy the army ‘in aid of the civil [police] power.’28 This authority derives directly from powers granted under successive British colonial-era laws to deploy the commonwealth, army to singing is my passion maintain internal security29Pursuant to commonwealth competition this authority, the central government has enacted several laws conferring sweeping search, arrest, and preventive detention authority upon the armed forces, even authorizing them to shoot to research paper on age workplace kill suspected terrorists or insurgents, and has deployed the army to maintain order in particular moments of commonwealth essay competition malaysia crisis. Finally, the central government has limited authority to investigate and enforce directly some criminal matters that otherwise fall within the ambit of state authority, but may do so only thesis on gender under exceptional and highly constrained circumstances. The CBI may take over particular state criminal investigations, but ordinarily only at the request or with consent of a state government. As discussed below, in more extreme situations, if the central government exercises its emergency power to impose ‘President’s Rule’ in a particular state, then the entire state government becomes subject to central control30. The Constitution guarantees the independence of the judiciary, which is a unitary, integrated system with jurisdiction over commonwealth essay, both central and state law issues. The independence and responsibility of the judiciary to interpret and enforce fundamental rights are considered ‘basic features’ of the passion essay, Constitution that cannot be withdrawn even by constitutional amendment. The judiciary consists of the commonwealth competition malaysia, Supreme Court of India, twenty-one High Courts, and an extensive system of subordinate courts and tribunals which are subject to the broad supervisory jurisdiction of the High Courts. The states are divided into districts which consist of civil district courts and criminal sessions courts.

Judicial magistrates are authorized to adjudicate lesser criminal offenses, subject to oversight by the session’s courts, and have supervisory responsibility over police investigations and other pretrial matters. While the organization and jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and High Courts are, within constitutional constraints, largely subject to central government control, state governments share concurrent authority to regulate the is my passion, jurisdiction of all courts other than the Supreme Court for areas in which they have legislative authority. The Constitution confers both the Supreme Court and the High Courts with broad original jurisdiction to enforce fundamental rights through the filing of writ petitions. 3. Commonwealth Essay Malaysia. Indian Judiciary ‘ Criminal justice system. The Judiciary has been assigned supervisory role, it cannot take over the investigation process31.The Constitution of India, Criminal Procedure Code, Indian Penal Code, Indian Evidence Act and the Police Act.ets Important Statues for Criminal Justice System. For maintaining law and order and protection of passion liberty, criminal justice system operates through police, courts, prison and commonwealth, correctional system.

Illegal detentions, Custodial violence, torture, lock up deaths are the Human rights violation cases are matters of concern. Judiciary has interpreted and evolved new concepts of Criminal Justice System. A fair criminal trail protects accuser’s right along with social security, human dignity and personal liberty. It is necessary to publicity made through vernacular languages, print and electronic media, NGO’s political parties, Academicians, judiciary, human rights organizations etc. to increase awareness of the human rights. Competition. Human rights granted form the very essence of civilized life and to be ever attentive to protect freedoms and basic human right. Indian Constitution and other international documents, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) 1948 which says: ‘Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by any independent and impartial tribunal in competition, the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.’ The right to research on age diversity in the life and personal liberty enshrined in Article 21 of the Constitution is of widest amplitude and several un-enumerated rights fall within Article 21. These rights are: a) Right to go abroad; b) Right to privacy; c) Right against solitary confinement; d) Right against Bar Falters; e) Right to malaysia free legal aid in criminal trail; f) Right to speedy trail; g) Right against handcuffing; h) Right against delayed execution; i) Right against custodial execution; j) Right against public hanging; k) Right to labor essays health care or Doctor’s assistance; l) Right to Shelter; Other Rights which have been held to emanate from Article 21 are following: a) Right to know; b) Right to commonwealth essay malaysia compensation; c) Right to Release and Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour; d) Right against cruel and unusual punishment; e) Right of Inmates of protective Homes.

4. Prison Justice System. ‘Prisonization symbolizes a system of punishment and also a sort of thesis on gender institutional placement of under trails and suspects during the period of competition malaysia trial. One cannot think of university a society without crime and criminals, thus, the institution of essay malaysia prison is obligatory for every country32.The Prison Statistics of India shows , a total of 1,391 prisons across the country, as on commonwealth essay competition, 31 st December, 2013 have 4, 11,992 prison inmates against authorized capacity of 3, 47,859, which amounts to essay malaysia 118.4% of occupancy rate. The rate of imprisonment in paper on age in the workplace, India, as per number of prison inmates, is 32 prisoners per commonwealth one lakh population during 2013, which is demonstrably one of the berkeley university, lowest in the world. The prison inmates in India comprise of 67.6% under trials, 31.5% convicts and remaining 0.9% as civil prisoners and detainees33. Purpose of Prisons.

Maintenance of law and order lies in the hands of the state and therefore if a person violates the law of the state and commonwealth competition, commits crime, he is put behind the bars so that he cannot commit another crime. The place where he is put is called ‘prison’ or ‘jail’. Jail is the oldest institution for incarcerating offenders. It is the portal of the criminal justice system. It can be described as ‘cesspools of crime’ the ultimate ghetto, ‘dumping grounds’ and labor essays, festering sores in the criminal justice system34.

The purpose of prisons can be broadly categorized as punishment, deterrence, isolation, reformation and reintegration. Essay Competition. If a person commits a crime, is put behind the bars. Prison acts as agents of punishment on behalf of the society. The powers of the trial court are very wide and the legislative intent of providing a fair trial and presumption of to write innocence in favour of the accused is the essence of the criminal justice system. A magistrate is competent to direct further investigation in terms of Section 173 (8) Code of Criminal Procedure in the case instituted on a police report.

Similarly, the Magistrate has powers under Section 202 Code of commonwealth essay Criminal Procedure to direct police investigation while keeping the commonwealth essay competition, trial pending before him instituted on the basis of competition a private complaint in terms of thesis and development that Section. The provisions of Section 210 Code of Criminal Procedure use the expression ‘shall’ requiring the Magistrate to stay the proceedings of inquiry and trail before him in the event in a similar subject matter, an investigation is malaysia found to be in progress. 5. International human rights norms. The idea of Human Rights is universal concept for all mankind and it has evolved gradually through the essay malaysia, world. It is based on commonwealth essay malaysia, natural rights. The Magna Carta(1215), Petition of Rights (1628), Bill of Rights(1689), Charter of New Plymouth (1620), State of Virginia declaration of malaysia rights (1776), French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen(1789), Bill of Rights in commonwealth competition malaysia, America (1791),Babylonain laws, Hittile laws, Dharma of the Vedic period in India and sangam literature etc. have roots for the protection of rights of man. The first democracy use of the expression ‘ human rights’ is to be found in the charter of the United Nations, Which was adopted (after the second world war) at San Francisco on June 26, 1945 and ratified by a majority of thesis and development its signatories in October that year. UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Covenant on essay malaysia, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) are international instruments. India has long recognized the importance of ensuring its own compliance with these international human rights obligations. While international treaties do not automatically become part of domestic law upon ratification35, the Constitution provides, as a Directive Principle of State Policy, that the government ‘shall endeavor to foster respect for international law and berkeley university phd thesis, treaty obligations in the dealings of organized people with one another,’ and also authorizes the central government to enact legislation implementing its international law obligations without regard to the ordinary division of essay competition central and state government powers. The Supreme Court of India has frequently emphasized that constitutional and essay, statutory provisions should be interpreted in light of India’s international law obligations 36 and has looked for guidance when interpreting the Constitution’s fundamental rights provisions to the UDHR, which was adopted while the Constitution was being drafted.

India also is bound by customary international law norms, to the extent it has not persistently objected to those norms, and is absolutely bound by norms that have attained the competition malaysia, status of jus cogens. In 1993, India established the National Human Rights Commission, an independent government commission whose mandate is to protect and promote international human rights norms. The NHRC is empowered to on age diversity in the workplace receive and essay, investigate individual complaints of human rights violations, initiate such investigations on its own, monitor and make non-binding recommendations to the government on domestic implementation of international human rights norms, and singing passion essay, promote public awareness of human rights standards. To conduct these activities, the NHRC has the powers of a civil court, including the ability to compel appearance of witnesses, examine witnesses under oath, compel discovery and production of documents, and order production of records from malaysia courts and government agencies. If the NHRC concludes that violations occurred, it may recommend compensation to the victim or prosecution of those responsible. The government must report any actions taken within one month, and the NHRC publishes these responses along with the report of its own investigation and conclusions. The NHRC only may investigate alleged violations within the previous year and may not investigate allegations against the armed forces. India and is my essay, International Conventions on Human Rights. Rights UDHR Indian Constitution. Right to Life, liberty and security of person Article 3 Article 21. Probation of slavery, slavery trade etc Article 4 Article 23.

Equality before law and non-discriminate Article 7 Article 14 and 15(1) Right to effective remedy Article 8 Article 32. Right against arbitrary arrest, detention etc Article 9 Article 22. Right against ex-post factor laws Article 11 (2) Article 20(1) Right to freedom of movement Article 13(1) Article 10(1) (d) Right to own property and not to be deprived of essay malaysia property (But it was omitted by the constitute (42 Amendment Act, 1978) Article 17 Article 19(1) (f) Right to freedom of thought, conscience and Religion Article 18 Article 25(1) Right to freedom of opinion and competition malaysia, expression Article 19 Article 19(1) (a) Right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association Article 20 (1) Article 19 (1) (b) Right to equal access to public service Article 16 (1) Article 21 (2) Right to social security Article 22 Article 29 (1)

Right to form and to join trade unions Article 19 (1) (c) Article 23 (4) 6. Commonwealth Essay Competition. Balancing Rights of the accused and the victim. The protection of human rights through the criminal justice delivery system is an research paper on age in the indispensable feature of any system governed by the rule of commonwealth essay law. the protection of human rights have been acknowledged to commonwealth essay varying extents across time, but since the Second World War, the commonwealth essay competition malaysia, universality of human rights has been recognized by the United Nations as inherent in the very nature of human beings ‘ a reflection of their common humanity. The Constitution of paper diversity in the India, in its Part III, guarantees a set of Fundamental Rights to citizens. A few of these rights are also available to commonwealth the accused, a suspect as well as an under trial. These rights are guaranteed under Articles 14, 19, 20, 21 and 22. Prisoners are also entitled to the benefits of steps essay Articles 32 and 226 of the Constitution. In addition to the fundamental rights, the accused, suspects and under trail prisoners enjoy certain other legal rights provided under the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC); the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973(Cr.P.C); and the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (IEA). The Supreme Court of India and High Courts have not only played a vital role in competition malaysia, attaching constitutional significance to these rights but, through humane judicial interpretation and acumen, also expanded their contents.

An attempt is made to highlight briefly a few prominent rights of the accused, a suspect, an under trial and to offer some suggestions to berkeley university phd thesis ensure their promotion and protection. Rights of the Accused37. 1. Right to Life. 2. Competition. Right to Speedy Trial. 3. Right to Counsel. 4. Right to Free Legal Aid.

5. Right to Fair Trial. 6. Research Diversity. Right against Double Jeopardy. 7. Right against Self-incrimination. 8. Right against competition Third-Degree Methods. 9. Right to Fair Treatment. In India the labor essays, fundamental rights guaranteed under our constitution is the repository of those inalienable human rights, which inhere in a person. The words ‘life’ and commonwealth malaysia, ‘liberty’ appearing in Article 21 has been construed by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in an open all encompassing way that it has now matured to an extent not seen in paper diversity in the, their mind’s eye by the fathers of the Constitution or by the Judges who gave it an initial lustre. In Maneka Gandhi’s case 38, the Hon’ble Supreme Court, held that the Article is a recognition and declaration of rights, which inhere in every individual.

It was a major departure from the narrow interpretation of commonwealth competition Article in A.K.Gopalan’s Case39.This remarkable expansion of Article 21 paved way for the resurrection of many non-justifiable Directive Principles as enforceable fundamental rights. Commonwealth Essay Malaysia. The word ‘deprived’ used in Article was supposed to impose upon the State the negative duty not to interfere with the life or liberty of an commonwealth individual without the sanction of law. With the magic wand of judicial activism, Judges imposed a positive obligation upon the State to initiate steps for ensuring to the individual a better enjoyment of his life and dignity. This positive aspect of the article essentially is a suitable tool for the higher judiciary to protect victim’s rights. The past three decades saw many judgments by the higher judiciary invoking Article 21 to protect the right of the accused in criminal proceedings. Prisoners’ right of speedy disposal 40, handcuffing of phd thesis prisoners 41, delay in execution of death sentence 42, right to open fair trial 43, are few of the countless number of instances when the Apex court came to the aid of the accused to guard their rights. Victims’ rights did receive the attention of our apex court especially in the recent times though instances are not many.

The rights of the victims of crime and abuse of commonwealth competition malaysia power are still not effectively acknowledged. The fundamental rights guaranteed in the Constitution of India and other statutory rights, victims can fall back on the International Conventions to which our country is a party, to establish their rights. The Supreme Court in several cases accepted International Conventions as enforceable when these Conventions elucidate and bring into effect the fundamental rights under the thesis on gender and development, Constitution. Commonwealth Essay Competition. They have also been read as part of domestic law, as long as there is no inconsistency between the Convention and domestic law44. It is on gender now an accepted rule of competition malaysia judicial construction that regard must be had to international conventions and norms for construing domestic law when there is no inconsistency between them and there is a void in the domestic law. Any International Convention not inconsistent with the commonwealth malaysia, fundamental rights and in harmony with its spirit must be read into these provisions to enlarge the commonwealth, meaning and content thereof, to promote the object of the constitutional guarantees. This is implicit from Article 51(c) and the enabling power of the parliament to enact laws for on age workplace, implementing the International Conventions and norms by virtue of Art.253 read with Entry 14 of the essay malaysia, Union List in Seventh Schedule of the Constitution45. All Criminal Justice Systems in democratic World have three separately organized parts; The Police as law enforcement agency; The Courts; which, serve to establish the guilt or innocence of the apprehended person and, if his guilt is established, pass sentence upon him as provided by the sanctity of the code violated; and The prison and correctional system. Each one of the components of the Criminal Justice System shares certain common goals.

They collectively exist to is my passion protect society, maintain law and commonwealth essay malaysia, order and protect crime. Berkeley. But they also individually contribute to these goals in their own special way. The Indian Criminal Justice System has incorporated human rights friendly provisions of the international instruments, particularly the judiciary have responded to essay the new situation in a positive manner and sincerely hoped that in the long run we will have international standards enforced in the criminal justice administration in commonwealth essay competition, India. Malimath Committee recommendations are implemented immediately. 1.State of commonwealth Punjab v.Ajaib Singh, AIR 1953,SC 10. 2.Avinash v.State of Maharastra (1983) Cr.L.J 1833 (para 9) Bombay. 3.Anand Swarup Gupta, Police Reform in thesis and development, Retrospect, XXIV Indian Journal of Public Administration (Silver Jubilee Issue, 1978) p.59. 5.H.N.Rishbud and Indersingh v.State of commonwealth essay competition Delhi [(1955) 1 SCR 115]

6.Manohar Lal Sharma v. Principal Secretary [2013 STPL (Web) 1017 (SC)] para. 29. 7.(1997) 1 SCC 416: 1997 SCC (Cri) 92: AIR 1997 SC 610. 8.K.P.Saksena, Human Rights and the Constitution- Vision and the Reality, 2003, p.246. 9.Pathumma v. State of Kerala, A.I.R. 1978 S.C. 771. 11.Maneka Gandhi v. Union of of learning India, A.I.R. Competition. 1978 S.C. 597;

12.Kartar Singh v. State of Punjab, (1994) 2 S.C.R. 375, 1994 Indlaw SC 525, para. 216. 13.Kharak Singh v. State of Uttar Pradesh, A.I.R. 1963 S.C. Steps Of Learning. 898. 14.Francis Coralie Mullin v. Union Territory of essay Delhi, A.I.R. 1981 S.C.

746. 15.State of Punjab v. Baldev Singh, A.I.R. 1999 S.C. 2378. 16.Antulay v. R.S. Naik, A.I.R. Thesis. 1992 S.C. 1701.

17.Arun Ray, National Human Rights Commission of India: Formation, Functioning and Future properties, Vol.1, 2004, p.50-52. 18.T. Anantha Chari, Democracy and Social Defence, SEMINAR, Oct. 1977, at 26, 29 (quoting Report of the Delhi Police Commission, 1966-68). 20.Verma, supra note 25. 25.

R.K. Competition Malaysia. Raghavan, The Indian Police: Problems and Prospects,Sept. 2003, at 119, 129. 26. R.K.Raghavan, supranote 39, at university, 131 n.14; seeINDIA CONST. art. Competition Malaysia. 311.

27.MHA, ANNUAL REPORT 2004-05, supranote 37, at 105. 28. Is My Passion. Indian Constitution., 7th sched., List I (Union List), ” 2A; see also id.art. 355. 31.State of Bihar v. J.A.C. Saldhana, 1980 SCC (Cri) 272, 286. 32.Dr.Shivani Gosami , Prison reforms in India, Nyaya Deep , Vol.XIII, Issue 2 3 , April July, 2012, National Legal Service Authority, New Delhi, p. 65. 34.

Dr.Shivani Gosami , Prison reforms in India, Nyaya Deep , Vol.XIII, Issue 2 3 , April July, 2012, National Legal Service Authority, New Delhi, p. 66. 35.State of Madras v. G.G. Menon, A.I.R. 1954 S.C. 517. 37. Shivraj B.Nakade. Rights of the Accused ‘Some Reflections on the Legislative Scheme in India.In, Criminal Justice System (A Human Rights perspective of the Criminal Justice Process in essay competition malaysia, India) Editd. Dr.K.I.Vibhute. Eastern Book Company, Lucknow, 2004.pp.129. 38.

AIR 1978 SC 597. 39. AIR 1950 SCR 88. 40. Raghbir Singh v. State of Bihar 1987 SC 149; Ramdas v.State of Bihar 1987 SC 1333; A.R.Antulay v. R.S.Nayak 1992 SC 1701. 41. Aeltemesh v. Union of India, 1988 SC.1765. 42. Triveniben v.State of Gujarat 1989 SC 1335.

43. Kehar Singh v. And Development. State 1988 SC.1883. 44. R.D.Upadhaya v. Commonwealth Essay Malaysia. State of A.P. AIR 2006 Supreme Court 1946=2006 AIR SCW 2274. 45. Vishaka v. state of berkeley university phd thesis Rajasthan [(1997)] 6 SCC 241. 46. 1998 CRLJ 4561. 47.

Jacob George (Dr.) v.State of Kerala, 1994 SCC (Cri.)774; (1994) 2Crims 100. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Law essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and commonwealth competition, we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to steps of learning to write your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Law work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Law essay was submitted to us by essay competition malaysia, a student in order to help you with your studies.

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Compare the lives and works of Bach and Handel Essay Sample. Many musical scholars believe that J. Essay Competition Malaysia? S. Bach and G. F. Handel are the research on age diversity in the two most important, influential composers of the Baroque period. Both of these men were born in Germany in 1685, and since they came into existence around the same time, they share some similarities. Competition Malaysia? As an introductory statement, Bach and Handel were born into two very different families. Handel did not come from berkeley phd thesis a musical family; his father wanted him to study law. By age nine, his talent was too obvious for competition malaysia, his father to ignore and Handel began to study with a local organist and composer.

On the contrary, Bach came from a long line of musicians. Bach also had four sons which became gifted composers, in their own right. Bach, like Handel, also started as an commonwealth competition, organist and composer. The primary difference between the two composers was that Bach was a church organist. Not long after Handel left for the University of Halle, he put his law career aside, and went to commonwealth malaysia Hamburg. While in Hamburg, he was a violinist and berkeley university phd thesis, a harpsichordist in the orchestra.

According to the text, so many members of the family were musicians that the name Bach was synonymous with town musician. J.S. Bach passed on the musical heritage by having twenty children, of which only nine survived and four became well-known composers. In Eisenach, Germany, Bach probably was given his first lesson by essay his father, but when he was at the tender age of on gender, nine both of commonwealth, his parents died. Bach went to live with his older brother.

Who do you think his brother was? Why, of course, another organist in a nearby town. At the age of fifteen, he left his brother and tried to make it on his own. Is My Passion Essay? At eighteen, Bach became the church organist in Arnstadt, but he soon conflicted with church authorities. At age twenty-three, he went to Muhlhausen, and married his cousin, Barbara. After these two jobs, Bach became the court organist of Weimar. While involved in the Lutheran church, Bach composed cantatas, multi-movement works for the choir and commonwealth competition malaysia, orchestra. He had to write one for each week. In his cantatas, Bach needed to include a chorale, which is the sermon’s general message. His most note-worthy post was as court conductor for the prince of Cothen.

His salary was much higher, and he was not required to compose church or organ music. The prince was a Calvinist, and labor essays, therefore a simple psalm was sufficient for the service. Between 1717 and 1723, he led the prince’s orchestra, and the Bradenburg Concertos arose from this period. In 1723, he became a director of music at the St. Thomas Church in commonwealth essay competition Leipzig, a job he held until his death. Perhaps the most studied work of paper in the, Bach was the Well-Tempered Clavier. Bach uses the commonwealth malaysia fugue in this work, and the fugue is divided into a subject, countersubject and episode. “Even in his own time Bach was viewed first and foremost as a world famous organist, in fact as the greatest organist and clavier player that has ever been” (Wolff, 149). The piece was intended to be played by research in the a keyboard instrument, and it consisted of twenty-four preludes and commonwealth essay malaysia, fugues.

Some of the typical dance suites in this piece include the allemande, courante, sarabande, and gigue. The allemande was a German dance composed in university phd thesis a meter of four. The courante was a French dance and it was in triple meter. The sarabande was a Spanish dance and commonwealth competition, it was also in triple meter. Berkeley University? The gigue was a dance typical to the Italians, English, and malaysia, Irish, and passion essay, it was in six-eight meter.

His works possessed technical command and they were also artistically beautiful. His works include the Brandenburg concertos, the commonwealth malaysia keyboard suites and partitas, the commonwealth competition Mass in B Minor, the St. Matthew Passion, The Musical Offering, The Art of Fugue and a large number of cantatas. Commonwealth Competition Malaysia? J.S. Bach’s works are indexed with BWV numbers, an initialism for Bach Werke Verzeichnis (Bach Works Catalogue). The catalogue was published in 1950, and it was compiled by Wolfgang Schmieder. The catalogue is on age in the workplace organized thematically, rather than chronologically: BWV 1-224 are cantatas, BWV 225-48 the large-scale choral works, BWV 250-524 chorales and sacred songs, BWV 525-748 organ works, BWV 772-994 other keyboard works, BWV 995-1000 lute music, BWV 1001-40 chamber music, BWV 1041-71 orchestral music, and BWV 1072-1126 canons and competition malaysia, fugues. In addition, Bach was a virtuoso on the organ. He also served as an organ consultant, and composer of organ works, like toccatas, chorale preludes, and paper on age diversity workplace, fugues. He had a reputation for having great creativity, and he was able to integrate many national styles into his works.

Many of his works are said to have North German influences that were taught to Bach by Georg Brohm. Bach also copied the works of many French and Italian composers in order to essay malaysia decipher their compositional languages. Later on, he arranged several violin concertos by Vivaldi for organ. Most experts of musical composition believe that the years, between 1708 and 1714, were his most productive. Within this period, he composed several preludes, fugues, and toccatas. During this span, Bach wrote the Little Organ Book, Orgelbuchlein. This book remains an unfinished collection of steps of learning, forty-nine short chorale preludes.

Later on commonwealth essay, in his life, Bach composed the Orchestral Suite No.3 in D Major. This work’s second movement was appropriately titled Air, because it was an aria for the orchestra. Bach wrote music for single instruments, duets, and essay, small ensembles. Bach’s works for solo instruments include the six sonatas and partitas for violin (BWV1001-1006), the six cello suites (BWV 1007-1012) and the partita for essay, solo flute (BWV1013). Bach’s best-known orchestral works are the Brandenburg concertos. These works got their name because Bach submitted them as a job audition for the Margrave of Bradenburg, in 1721. Remarkably, he did not get the job, and these are some of the finest examples of concerto grosso ever. Other surviving works in commonwealth essay competition the concerto form include two violin concertos, a concerto for two violins, and concertos for one, two, three, and even four harpsichords. It is widely accepted that many of the harpsichord concertos were not original works, but arrangements of now lost concertos for other instruments.

A number of violin, oboe, and flute concertos have been reconstructed from these. Aside from concertos, Bach also wrote four orchestral suites, as stated previously. According to the text, Handel was a master of competition malaysia, Italian opera and English oratorio, and paper diversity in the, he was born in Halle, Germany, one month before Bach. Handel was not born into a musical family, unlike Bach. Moreover, Bach never wrote any operas, but Handel wrote many. His father, a member of the middle class, wanted his son to study law so he could make a decent living. At the time, musicians lived the life of a struggling musician, because they were paid very little. He was enrolled in Halle University, however within a year he left for malaysia, Hamburg. At twenty-one he went to Italy to compose Italian operas and he stayed there for approximately three years.

After his return to Germany in 1710, he stayed for a month before he asked Elector Georg Ludwig of Hanover if he could leave for London where Rinaldo was being produced. He spent the is my essay next half-century in London. While in London, his fame grew rampant across the malaysia countryside, and the aristocracy loved him. Ultimately, Handel’s triple career as impresario, composer, and performer brought him fame; however these careers also led to two nervous breakdowns. Is My Passion? In 1737, after one breakdown, the future king of Prussia wrote, “Handel’s great days are over, his inspiration is exhausted, and his taste behind the commonwealth essay fashion.” In 1741, the year he composed Messiah, Handel stopped writing operas entirely, and took up oratorios. All in all, he was a leading composer of concerti grossi, operas and oratorios. He lived most of his life in Great Britain. His most famous piece is Messiah, an oratorio set to texts from the King James Bible; other well-known works are Water Music and commonwealth essay competition malaysia, Music for the Royal Fireworks. He influenced many of his musical successors such as Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven.

Handel’s Messiah was a three movement work. The first movement was called Christmas. The second movement was called Death and Resurrection, and the third movement, Redemption. Unlike Bach’s cantatas, oratorios had no chorale, and they had a libretto. This specific work is by far the most famous work ever composed by G. Commonwealth Malaysia? F. Handel. Many historians believe that this was Handel’s favorite work, also. In a speech, Handel suggested that Messiah was the result of an inspiration as he said, “I did think I did see all Heaven before me and the great God himself” (Jacobi, 7). During a downturn in his career in England, his friend Charles Jennens convinced Handel to compose an oratorio based on scriptures Jennens had arranged. Singing Essay? Rather than seek refuge in his German homeland, Handel was convinced and began to work on the oratorio (Jacobi, 32).

Handel composed his entire work in a twenty-four day stint from August 22, 1741 to September 14, 1741. Handel’s Messiah was performed for the first time in Dublin, Ireland. The performance was on commonwealth essay competition, the thirteenth of April, 1742. It is not known whether Handel wrote the work for the Dublin performance or if he only to write essay, chose Dublin for its first playing (Jacobi, 8). As with all oratorios, Messiah is divided into three parts. Malaysia? In Messiah, the three parts represent Jesus Christ’s birth, death, and resurrection. Labor Essays? Every part breaks down into commonwealth competition, a series of arias and steps of learning to write essay, choruses.

The basis of many arias and choruses are biblical passages from the King James Bible. Before his initial performance, Handel toured the Irish countryside, as well as Great Britain and performed his newest masterpiece. During initial performances, Handel would change elements of the oratorio to better suit the essay competition malaysia regional location, or librettos. In order to clarify, a libretto is defined as the lyrics or spoken parts of an opera or oratorio. When many people think of the High Baroque period, they realize that it was dominated by labor essays two composers that were born in 1685. These masterful virtuosos were Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel. Both individuals achieved fame in essay malaysia their era by playing the keyboard. Between these two men, they contributed virtually every significant musical genre of the Baroque period. In one aspect, each composer represents a different type of typical Baroque musical practitioner: Bach, the German Kapellmeister working for the court or city, and Handel the theater-based composer. While working within the basso continuo tradition, Bach’s fascination with the possibilities of the fugue and imitation or orchestral pitting introduced an extra dimension to paper on age in the the music of the late Baroque period.

After a successful career with Italian operas, in London, Handel decided to turn to English oratorio for the theater in London. As composers, Bach and commonwealth essay, Handel contributed the passion essay most to the late Baroque period. Commonwealth Essay Malaysia? As Bach died in 1750, many historians cite this date as the end of the Baroque period. In conclusion, musical scholars believe that J. Labor Essays? S. Bach and G. F. Handel are the two most important, influential composers of the Baroque period. Both of these men were born in Germany in 1685, and essay malaysia, since they came into existence around the same time, they share some similarities. Bach and Handel were born into two very different families. However, Handel found a way to become a musician even though his father wanted him to pursue law.

Both of these composers began their careers as virtuosos on keyboard instruments. Competition Malaysia? Both men were fine organist. Unlike Handel, Bach came from essay competition malaysia a long line of musicians. Bach also had four sons which became gifted composers, in university phd thesis their own right. The primary difference between the two composers was that Bach was a church organist. Commonwealth Essay Competition? Not long after Handel left for the University of berkeley, Halle, he put his law career aside, and went to Hamburg. While in Hamburg, he was a violinist and a harpsichordist in the orchestra. Commonwealth Competition? All in phd thesis all, many musical advancements were made by these two gifted composers, and ultimately Bach’s death marked the end of an era, the Baroque era. Is this the perfect essay for commonwealth essay competition, you? Save time and order Compare the lives and works of Bach and Handel.

essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and commonwealth, quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Compare the lives and works of Bach and Handel. In George Frederic Handel’s Hallelujah Chorus, the music grows from simple to complex, as in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Dies Irae. Hallelujah, like many other masses, praises God’s almightiness, and lets… Vivaldi and “The Four Seasons” Antonio Vivaldi is essay competition widely known as one of the greatest composers of the Baroque Era. Vivaldi was considered a musical genius in is my Venice and all over Italy. Competition? He and his… ?Module Seven: Text Questions.

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