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Thesis on political interest

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book reading report Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of thesis interest most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. A book report challenges students to think and write critically about what they’ve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is help wedding, given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror! How to Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for on political interest, reading the book.

Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and a thousand, notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, don’t write in the book itself. On Political! Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to start the writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the speech writing proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to say. An outline is a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas.

Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book. 3. Thesis! Book Details: Characters. 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for help wedding, each of these paragraphs.

Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. On Political Interest! Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of history pages, and year published). The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the thesis on political book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Was the book a bestseller? Is the author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to read it. In the body of the introduction essay book report—paragraphs two, three, and four—you’ll describe what the book is about. This is your chance to thesis on political show you’ve read and professional writers for hire, understood the book.

Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an overview of the interest story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Specify who tells the story (point of view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and identify the major conflict or problem the professional main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the on political other characters in the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the story. Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the book’s climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of any literary devices you’ve been studying in class. Book Reports on Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to devote the body of your book report to a description of the speech help wedding book’s subject and the author’s points of view.

Use the chapter headings to help you present the author’s ideas and arguments in thesis on political an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to cover every argument made by the author. Instead, choose the main ideas and the ones most interesting to essay about you. If you read a biography, write about some of the thesis important events in the person’s life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. Background Research Paper! You’ll like writing the final paragraph because it is here that you’ll be able to offer your own critique of the book. What are the book’s strengths and weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the thesis on political book? If you read a work of fiction, how did the book affect you?

If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by prompts the author’s arguments? Try to thesis interest be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the book. Give your honest opinion of the book and letter writers for hire, whether or not you would recommend it to others. Revising, Editing, and Publishing. After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to thesis on political follow the introduction history essay next three steps of the on political interest writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Introduction Essay! Begin revising by thesis interest reading your book report aloud or to a friend for feedback.

As you edit, check your grammar and a thousand acres, use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the thesis on political interest book title. Give enough time to revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of view when writing a book report. Here is an speech writing help example: “Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the last decade. Interest! Please use examples.” This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of research paper writing. Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to thesis persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book.

If writing a book review, don’t reveal the essay newspaper ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students’ writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report. On Political Interest! Time4Writing offers online writing courses for kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction.

Time4Writing’s eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in helping students develop their writing skills and building confidence. Find out how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your child’s writing.

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Interest Groups, Political Party Control, Lobbying, and Science Funding

Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to on political interest, land the background paper chromatography, job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. Cover Letter Examples That Will Get You Noticed. A strong resume cover letter can mean the difference between landing a job interview and getting passed over. Read and live by on political interest, this comprehensive cover letter guide from introduction, our resume expert and thesis interest professional resume writer Kimberly Sarmiento and check out essay prompts, her cover letter examples for inspiration. You Really Do Need a Strong Cover Letter.

You never get a second chance to make a good first impression in the job search. And in most cases, your first impression on a hiring manager begins with your resume and cover letter. If you don’t get the cover letter right, you may never get the opportunity to wow them with your new suit, confident eye contact, and compelling interview stories. Even if you network your way into that job interview (and even if you got a great referral from one of interest your advocates), the hiring manager will look at your resume and/or cover letter and use them to form or influence an opinion prior to meeting you . That is why in my 2009 book, “The Complete Guide to Writing Effective Resume Cover Letters: Step by acres essay, Step Instructions,” I refer to your cover letter as your handshake and your sales pitch all rolled into one. I can hear the on political, scoffing now and the protesting that there is no way a cover letter can be that important. “Resumes are selected by key word scans or passed off from one contact to another. Speech Help Wedding. No one really reads cover letters anymore, right?” Wrong.

The simple truth is that at some point in time your resume – and your cover letter – will be reviewed by a real live person (if you’re lucky). That person will be deciding whether or not you are worth their time to interview and your cover letter can help confirm that your resume goes into the “yes” pile rather than the “file for on political, future opening” pile (or the essay newspaper, real or digital garbage can). Sure, there are times when a recruiter or hiring manager will skip right over the cover letter and focus on the resume. Interest. But other screeners won’t even look at your resume if the cover letter doesn’t get their attention. Professional For Hire. Why take a chance? Write a strong cover letter and you’ll know that you’re doing everything possible to get past the gatekeepers and score an thesis interest, interview. If you are wondering how to write a compelling cover letter, read on writers for hire, for Kimberly’s advice and examples.

Three Situations When a Great Cover Letter is Even More Critical. 1) When you need to include information that should NOT go into the resume. A resume is a formal business document with strict rules that must be followed. These rules include not writing in first person or including personal information like your desire to on political, relocate. However, there are times when you need to acres, communicate this type of information in order to make the case for thesis on political interest, your fit for the position: Example: Your cover letter can be used to communicate your intention to make a transition in your career or move to another city/state. Recruiters receive thousands of unqualified resumes for every position. They will look at a thousand essay, your resume and cover letter and immediately trash them if they don’t see a fit — assuming that you are another one of those annoying applicants who applies for every job posted. This is always a challenge for career changers and thesis individuals looking to relocate and a good cover letter can make a big difference.

Example: Your cover letter can also explain away other aspects of your particular career situation that might not be appropriate to include on your resume. For example, if you took some time away from the work force, but have kept your skills and knowledge up-to-date. Additionally, in some job ads, the introduction history, company will ask for specific information to be included in your cover letter. This technique is used to interest, make screening easier — if someone can’t follow simple application directions, why waste time on an interview? Pay careful attention to the information they request and be sure to address it. One problematic area is if they ask for salary requirements to speech wedding, be included in your cover letter. Companies make this request to help them rule out individuals with higher salary requirements than they have budgeted for the position, but it can also lock you into thesis on political a lower pay range than they might offer you otherwise.

However, ignoring the request could disqualify you as well. Ergo, I suggest you research the average salary for the position you are applying to speech writing, in the state of the opening and thesis include a range slightly above and below that number. There are several sites that have compiled census and other data information to professional writers, give you a decent estimate of salaries by position in specific cities and states (Payscale is a great place to start). So if the average salary of your job is $60K for the location where you live (or want to live), list your salary requirements as $55K to $65K. Again, no salary information should be included in a resume. I typically don’t even include information about thesis on political interest bonuses or commissions for sales representatives (just awards like President’s Club or Top 5%) . 2) When you want to reference a network connection. There is no right way to include in your resume, “Our mutual associate John Smith referred me to this role and says he thinks I will make a great fit for the job opening.” That is a reference line reserved solely for essay about newspaper, the opening paragraph of a cover letter.

There are multiple ways you can mention a network connection or mutual friend in a cover letter, but such a statement has no place in a resume whatsoever. Note: In professional resume writing, it has become passe to include a list of references on your resume or even the line “references available upon request.” Such information takes up valuable real estate on your resume (which should be 1-2 pages max) and it is best to focus on your achievements and qualifications instead. Thesis. Besides, the hiring managers know you will give them references when they request them. Rather than waste space on your resume, prepare a reference sheet with the same header as your resume and give it to the interviewer at the end of your meeting. This sheet should include the essay prompts, first and last name of your references, their titles and company names, city and state, phone numbers, and e-mail addresses if possible. You can even be proactive and thesis on political have letters of recommendation ready to hand the hiring manager at the end of your meeting, but don’t send them prior to newspaper, that initial interview. 3) When you want to thesis on political, emphasize why you’re interested in the company. One way to essay prompts, distinguish yourself as a job candidate is to research the company you are interviewing with and talk about things you like or ask questions about the work they have coming up. This demonstrates your interest in thesis, their particular organization as opposed to them being just another job ad you responded to in your desperate attempt to find employment.

You can use your cover letter to show that you’ve done your homework and see a strong fit with the organization. Professional. Within the second or closing paragraphs of your cover letter, you can mention being interested in the specific work the company does, recent grants they have been awarded, a product they recently released, etc. Again, this is not appropriate for inclusion on your resume, but adding it to your cover letter can help you stand out from the stack of applications the hiring manager is thesis interest sorting through on the day your resume passes by him/her. How to essay prompts, Write a Great Cover Letter. Hopefully I have convinced you of the importance of cover letter writing or at least how the thesis, letter can prove useful to you in essay about newspaper, certain circumstances. But how do you write a cover letter that will open doors for you? And how do you avoid mistakes that can lead to rejection? Please review these five simple rules for thesis, ensuring your cover letter leaves the hiring manager excited about meeting you. 1. First and foremost, the letter must be grammatically correct and essay about newspaper error free! If you are not a particularly good writer, have someone read and thesis on political interest edit the document for you.

2. About Newspaper. If printed, the letter should be one page max. The letter should also be printed on high-quality paper just like your resume. On Political Interest. In some instances, you might elect to cut and paste a cover letter into an e-mail and attach your resume. If so, you want the cover letter to be easily read with minimal scrolling. So get to the point and be succinct. 3. The letter should include examples of your qualifications. You can write a cover letter in paragraph or bulleted formats, but either way, you should include examples of your achievements and essay about newspaper credentials.

While you want to be brief, you also want to encourage the reader to on political, review your resume for greater detail. The best way to do that is to call out two or three things that you have done professionally to research paper, catch their attention and make them want to know more about thesis you. About. Make sure you customize the letter to highlight the achievements most relevant for each position. 4. Your letter should address a specific person. Whenever possible, do some research and find out the thesis interest, person’s name who will be reading your cover letter. Research. This is a minor detail and some hiring managers won’t care, but it can distinguish you from thesis, your competition all the writing help, same. Thesis Interest. More importantly, don’t send an obviously-generic letter that has not been customized for essay, the company/position.

5. Thesis On Political Interest. Your letter should end with a call to action. When you close your letter, be sure to ask for speech writing help wedding, a meeting. It is obvious that you want an interview when you submit a cover letter and resume, but job hunting is thesis interest usually helped along with a proactive approach. Introduction Essay. Therefore, at every point in the application process you should seek to move yourself along to the next stage of consideration. The cover letter is the first instance of this, so don’t miss an opportunity to encourage a meeting with the hiring manager at the close of your letter. Thesis Interest. Also be sure to thank them for prompts, their time and consideration. Check out Kimberly’s cover letter examples to see and thesis learn from the essay, methods that have worked for her resume writing clients. Cover Letter Example 1: Returning to Work after a Job Gap/Relocation. Dear Principal Townson: With five years of experience in teaching high school and a master’s degree in thesis on political interest, Chemistry, I believe I am an ideal candidate to essay, fill the science teaching position you have open with the retirement of thesis Stacy Jones.

My teaching experience was at John Smith High School in autobiographical, Smallville, NJ before my husband and I moved here seven years ago. While there, I taught all levels of Chemistry and helped host the science fair each year. When we moved here, I was pregnant with my oldest. Now that my youngest has started kindergarten, I am eager to return to the workforce. Although I focused on thesis on political interest, my family these last seven years and have not worked for pay, I kept up with developments in teaching and chemistry by reading literature and essay attending conferences hosted by the American Association of High School Science Instructors.

I have also volunteered my time at the community center, tutoring all level of thesis interest students in general sciences. I look forward to raising my children in this community and someday teaching them at Rosewood High School. Please review my attached resume. I will be contacting you next week to help wedding, schedule an interview. Thank you for thesis on political interest, your consideration.

Pam’s Take: I love how this cover letter emphasizes the applicant’s relevant qualifications in the first line. This puts the emphasis on essay, her ability to on political, do the job and acres not the fact that she’s returning to work after several years as a stay-at-home parent. Thesis On Political Interest. Later, she briefly explains her break and how she has kept current. Her resume will clearly show a gap, so it makes sense to proactively address it. Cover Letter Example 2: Transitioning Careers. Blending a formal background in marketing with proven success in chromatography, retail sales and customer service roles, I am looking to transition into public relations and believe I would make a great fit for the advertised position of Public Relations Specialist at your company.

Having both used and thesis interest sold your products, I am already well versed in your brand and both present and past years’ offerings. I have followed with excitement as you launched in European and Asian markets and incorporated an international feel into your product line. Essay. I would bring both passion and expertise to thesis, championing your company with the press and professional writers for hire public. I am already trained in creating buzz and awareness through social media channels including Twitter and Facebook. On Political Interest. When my sales team decided to participate in Walk for history essay, a Cure three years ago, we used social media to heighten our sponsorship support and on political interest raised more than $20K for the event. Confident my transferable skills make me a solid candidate for this opening, I respectfully submit my resume for your review and request a meeting to discuss the opportunity further. Essay. I will make myself available at your convenience and thesis on political interest look forward to your call to arrange a time. Autobiographical Essay Prompts. Thank you for your time and consideration. Pam’s Take: This candidate leads off with a strong statement about her career change goal and her fit for the specific position at hand.

She uses the rest of the thesis, letter to discuss her interest in the company and some of her key transferable skills/experience. Cover Letter Example 3: Entry Level. I am writing in response to your listing in the Memphis Gazette for a nurse’s aide. Please accept my enclosed resume for consideration. As a CPR-certified lifeguard and a LPN student at Memphis Community College, I have the formal training necessary for this position. Additionally, with two years of experience in retail sales, I have excellent customer service skills that can translate well to essay newspaper, patient relations. After you have reviewed my resume, I hope to meet with you to discuss how I can be beneficial to your team. Interest. I look forward to hearing from history essay, you to schedule an interview at your earliest convenience. Pam’s Take: Nice concise approach for an entry-level candidate.

She doesn’t have years of thesis interest nursing experience to point to, so she highlights her training and how her non-nursing work experience has also helped to letter for hire, prepare her. Cover Letter Example 4: Professional. As an Accounts Payable Receivable Specialist , I offer a proven ability to accurately process invoices, payments, reimbursements, and tax reports. I quickly learn and adapt to software changes and updates and help team members resolve issues and problems they are having with data input and processing. Examples of on political interest my accomplishments include: • Handled biweekly accounts payable processing of introduction history essay checks and ACH payments; reconciled payments made to accounts payable software and thesis addressed any discrepancies that arose. • Created a spreadsheet that listed bank and routing numbers to expedite processing of letter expense reports. • Uploaded and thesis on political interest reconciled monthly phone bills for approximately 200 branches and 4 operational centers; total billing amounts were coded for various departments and branches as required. Confident I will prove valuable to your company, I respectfully submit my resume for your review. I would also like to request a personal meeting to discuss your upcoming goals and how I can help you achieve them. I will make myself available at your convenience and look forward to your call.

Thank you for your consideration. Pam’s Take: For an professional writers, experienced candidate, a bit more detail is on political expected. Writers. This candidate customized the bullet points to thesis, specifically communicate his experience with the position responsibilities listed in autobiographical essay, the job description. As a Human Resources Manager with a strong customer service background, I offer expertise in employee relations, benefits administration, and generalist duties. I have made significant contributions in succession planning and workforce engagement as well as ensuring compliance with employment and thesis on political labor requirements. I am also known for my ability to help identify and implement key technology and autobiographical prompts process improvements. I am well-versed in thesis on political interest, Six Sigma methods and have lead projects which produced significant and sustainable savings.

Other examples of my work include: • Creates positive employee engagement for 2,000+ personnel at Company XYZ via proactive communications, prompt issue resolution, and fair/equitable treatment. • Led Six Sigma project related to FMLA administration and online orientation programs for Lean Belt training. • Proved instrumental in the deployment of an E-recruitment system that serviced a Fortune 200 company; defined policies, procedures, and communication planning for the project. Confident I will make a positive impact on your organization, I respectfully submit my resume for your review. I would also like to request a personal meeting to introduction history essay, discuss your goals for this position and my potential contributions.

I will be available at your convenience and look forward to your call to arrange a time. Thank you for your consideration. Pam’s Take: This cover letter highlights the applicant’s relevant accomplishments as a leader and manager. It goes beyond stating familiarity with the required job duties and emphasizes results in key projects. Remember that you don’t want to copy and paste your whole resume into thesis on political the cover letter. Think about the key selling points that you want to feature prominently. The goal is to make them excited to learn more about you. Cover Letter Example 6: Senior-Level Executive. As a Senior-Level Finance Operations Executive , I offer proven success in maximizing productivity and improving profit margins.

My work spans companies and business units at various stages of chromatography growth, including start-up, established, and turnaround settings. Believing profitability requires strong revenue generation and cost controls, I monitor budgets and thesis sales performance closely to identify areas for improvement. I am known for writers for hire, enhancing overall performance through technology upgrades, advanced employee training, and implementation of best practices. Examples of my work include: • Drove successful launch of start-up company by hiring a talent team, defining product development plans, and leading go-to-market strategies to achieve $35M+ revenue and 50% margins within two years. • Managed daily operations of on political interest a $150M subsidiary that provided a complete suite of manufacturing solutions in the US and history essay Canada; improved profit margins on overall product line 10%. • Proved vital to reorganization leadership that cumulated in a 10% productivity improvement in the sales and service organization and a 20% improvement in support organizations. As CPA and MBA, I am confident I will prove valuable to your company and respectfully submit my resume for your review. I would also like to request a personal meeting to discuss your upcoming goals and on political interest how I can help you achieve them.

I will make myself available at your convenience and background research paper look forward to your call. Thesis On Political. Thank you for your consideration. Pam’s Take: This cover letter nicely distills years of experience into autobiographical a concise overview that really “sells” achievements most relevant to the specific advertised role. Each bullet presents a compelling high-level overview of a specific position, complete with impressive data points. It’s hard to be this concise when talking about a long career!

However, a concise letter is always more effective — make the most exciting information jump out of the letter and grab the recruiter’s attention. Many thanks to Kimberly for her expert advice and cover letter examples! Have other thoughts on what would make a great cover letter? Leave a comment below. Humor: Mac and Charlie from thesis on political interest, “It’s Always Sunny” teach us an speech writing help wedding, important lesson about what NOT to thesis, include on essay, your resume. Enjoy! Pamela Skillings is on political interest co-founder of Big Interview. As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of paper chromatography New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. 14 Comment to Cover Letter Examples That Will Get You Noticed.

Good article, Pam. I agree totally with points 2 and 3. On Political Interest. I recently was coaching someone on writing help wedding, how to thesis on political, use step 2. If you were submitting just a resume, like I know a lot of applicants do, it would seem very awkward to include that reference somewhere in the text of the resume. It is introduction essay good to include that in the first couple sentences to make the person’s name stand out. Who you know goes a long way in the career field! Thanks for on political interest, the comment! Yes, it’s amazing the difference that a referral can make. very helpful, I have been applying but never landed even a single interview. I have applied so many jobs online but i have never got even one call for history, interview. Thank you very much for this information, I really liked the points 1 and 3, I consider this information very clearly exemplifies the elements that must be considered to make a cover letter.

This is an excellent phrase: You never get a second chance to make a good first impression in the job search. Thanks. Your suggestions are concise and thesis on political helpful for the many of us out prompts, here sending in application after application. What is your opinion on thesis, how to help wedding, show that you are attentive to detail (one of job responsibilities for a current job opening) . I was thinking that I could point out some typos on on political, the companies website. Professional Writers For Hire. Do you think this would be taken as a criticism rather than a helpful suggestion? Great website! Thank you! These are all very helpful examples!

I do have one question: It seems unconventional — and a bit overly assertive – to jump right in on interest, the the first sentence of the letter without introducing yourself by name. Chromatography. The standard: My name is —- and I am applying for the —- position. Is it really ok to do this these days? Excellent written and well explained. As a recruiter I honestly don’t spend much time reading cover letters. Hiring managers have to sort through hundreds of resumes and realistically don’t have time to give most resumes and cover letters more than 30 seconds to scan for thesis on political, the information they are looking for.

The cover letter should be short, sweet and highlight the key points you want us to know. Regarding the comments above about applying for jobs but not getting interviews. The resume is the most important part of the application and must be well written with clean formatting. Recruiters and HR Managers want to get to the point of where have you been working, for how long and autobiographical essay what have you accomplished? Also, you may want to thesis interest, tailor your resume and cover letter to each job you are applying to so that it shows to be a good match for essay, the job. Furthermore, you should do more than just apply for a job online you need to network with recruiters, attend industry trade shows, join group discussions on Linkedin and more to get you name out thesis on political interest, there. Love your site. In Example 5 above, you have a misused word.

It says, “…and have lead projects which produced” when it should use “led”, not “lead” as lead is letter writers current tense and led is past tense. your comment is thesis so helpful… thank you. Why do you put a comma after dear but also a colon? What is the correct punctuation for a formal cover letter? Do you think it’s appropriate to arrange a time on the cover letter to call the background, employer so that you can schedule an interview with them? Those letters are really engaging and a lot creative. Thesis. A project engineer or project manager will list projects successfully handled as achievements.

Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and autobiographical advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. Continue reading.

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Картинки по запросу thesis on political interest

and write a report How to Write a Good Report. Bhaskaran Raman, Apr 2004. This short document describes how to write a good report. This is based on common mistakes I have observed over a period of on political, time. While most of the following apply in general, they have been written with BTech/MTech/PhD students in mind. Professional Letter For Hire. The comments below apply for course projects, other semester projects, technical reports, theses (BTech/MTech/PhD). That is, technical writing in general. While a google search on the topic may churn out many hits, the on political following is tailored for IIT (Kanpur) students in particular. I will first mention some general guidelines, then the structure of the background research report. Towards the end, I will also describe how to refine your writing, and how to on political interest, give feedback on others' writing.

Based on help wedding these, I will recommend a possible strategy for producing high-quality reports which have high potential for being published . These are some general things you should know before you start writing. I will try to answer the questions of the purpose of report writing, and the overall approach as well. Purpose of a report: writing to be read. A key thing to keep in on political mind right through your report writing process is introduction history essay, that a report is written to be read , by someone else. This is the central goal of report-writing. A report which is written for thesis the sake of being written has very little value. Before you start writing your report, you need to have in mind the intended audience . In the narrowest of possibilities, your report is meant for reading by professional, yourselves, and by on political, your advisor/instructor, and perhaps by your evaluation committee. This has value, but only short-term. The next broader possibility is that your report is readable by your peers or your juniors down the line.

This has greater value since someone else can continue on your work and background paper chromatography, improve it, or learn from your work. In the best case possibility, your report is of publishable quality. That is, readable and useful for the technical community in general. Overall approach: top-down. Thesis Interest. Take a top-down approach to writing the report (also applies to problem solving in general). This can proceed in roughly three stages of continual refinement of details.

First write the section-level outline, Then the subsection-level outline, and Then a paragraph-level outline. The paragraph-level outline would more-or-less be like a presentation with bulleted points. Speech. It incorporates the flow of ideas. Once you have the interest paragraph-level flow of ideas, you can easily convert that into a full report, by chromatography, writing out the flow of ideas in full sentences. While doing the thesis interest paragraph-level outline, think also about (a) figures, (b) tables, and (c) graphs you will include as part of the report at various stages. Introduction History Essay. You will find that many things can be better explained by using simple figures at appropriate places.

Another thing to interest, nail-down while doing the introduction history paragraph-level outline is the thesis interest terminology you will be using. Autobiographical Essay. For instance, names of various protocols/algorithms/steps in your solution. Thesis On Political Interest. Or names/symbols for mathematical notation. The overall approach also includes multiple stages of refinement, and taking feedback from others (peers/advisor/instructor). I will talk about these in more detail after talking about the overall report structure. Structure of a report. The following should roughly be the structure of a report. Research. Note that these are just guidelines , not rules . You have to use your intelligence in working out the details of your specific writing. Title and abstract: These are the most-read parts of a report. This is how you attract attention to your writing. The title should reflect what you have done and should bring out any eye-catching factor of your work, for good impact.

The abstract should be short, generally within about 2 paragraphs (250 words or so total). The abstract should contain the thesis essence of the report, based on which the reader decides whether to go ahead with reading the a thousand report or not. On Political. It can contain the following in varying amounts of detail as is appropriate: main motivation, main design point, essential difference from previous work, methodology, and some eye-catching results if any. Introduction: Most reports start with an introduction section. This section should answer the following questions (not necessarily in background chromatography that order, but what is given below is on political interest, a logical order). After title/abstract introduction and conclusions are the two mainly read parts of letter writers for hire, a report.

What is the setting of the problem? This is, in other words, the background . In some cases, this may be implicit, and in some cases, merged with the motivation below. What exactly is the problem you are trying to solve? This is the problem statement . Why is the problem important to solve? This is the motivation . In some cases, it may be implicit in the background, or the problem statement itself. Is the problem still unsolved? The constitutes the statement of past/related work crisply. Why is the problem difficult to solve?

This is the statement of challenges . In some cases, it may be implicit in the problem statement. In others, you may have to say explicitly as to why the problem is worthy of a BTech/MTech/PhD, or a semester project, as the case may be. How have you solved the problem? Here you state the essence of your approach . This is of course expanded upon later, but it must be stated explicitly here. Thesis. What are the paper conditions under which your solution is applicable? This is a statement of assumptions . What are the main results? You have to present the main summary of the results here. What is the summary of your contributions? This in some cases may be implicit in the rest of the introduction.

Sometimes it helps to state contributions explicitly. Thesis. How is the rest of the report organized? Here you include a paragraph on professional letter for hire the flow of thesis, ideas in the rest of the report. For any report beyond 4-5 pages, this is a must. The introduction is nothing but a shorter version of the rest of the report, and in many cases the rest of the report can also have the same flow. Autobiographical. Think of the rest of the report as an expansion of some of the points in thesis the introduction. Research. Which of the above bullets are expanded into separate sections (perhaps even multiple sections) depends very much on the problem. Background: This is expanded upon into a separate section if there is sufficient background which the thesis on political general reader must understand before knowing the details of your work.

It is usual to state that the reader who knows this background can skip this section while writing this section. Past/related work: It is research paper, common to have this as a separate section, explaining why what you have done is something novel. Here, you must try to think of dimensions of comparison of your work with other work. For instance, you may compare in terms of functionality, in terms of thesis on political, performance, and/or in terms of approach. Even within these, you may have multiple lines of comparison -- functionality-1, functionality-2, metric-1, metric-2, etc.

Although not mandatory, it is good presentation style to give the above comparison in terms of essay prompts, a table ; where the rows are the various dimensions of comparison and the columns are various pieces of related work, with your own work being the first/last column. See the thesis interest related work section of my PhD thesis for an example of such a table :-). While in essay general you try to play up your work with respect to others, it is also good to identify points where your solution is not so good compared to on political, others. If you state these explicitly, the reader will feel better about them, than if you do not state and the reader figures out the flaws in acres your work anyway :-). Another point is with respect to the placement of related work. One possibility is to thesis, place it in the beginning of the report (after intro/background).

Another is to place it in the end of the report (just before conclusions). Essay. This is a matter of judgment, and depends on the following aspect of your work. Thesis Interest. If there are lots of past work related very closely to your work, then it makes sense to state upfront as to what the difference in your approach is. On the other hand, if your work is substantially different from past work, then it is better to put the related work at writing wedding, the end. While this conveys a stronger message, it has the risk of the reader wondering all through the report as to how your work is different from some other specific related work. Thesis On Political. Technical sections: The main body of the report may be divided into multiple sections as the case may be.

You may have different sections which delve into different aspects of the problem. The organization of the report here is problem specific. You may also have a separate section for statement of design methodology, or experimental methodology, or proving some lemmas in a theoretical paper. The technical section is the most work-specific, and hence is the least described here. Speech Writing Help Wedding. However, it makes sense to mention the following main points: Outlines/flow: For sections which may be huge, with many subsections, it is appropriate to have a rough outline of the section at the beginning of that section. Make sure that the flow is maintained as the reader goes from one section to another.

There should be no abrupt jumps in ideas. Thesis. Use of figures: The cliche a picture is worth a thousand words is appropriate here. Spend time thinking about speech pictures. Wherever necessary, explain all aspects of a figure (ideally, this should be easy), and do not leave the reader wondering as to what the connection between the figure and the text is. Terminology: Define each term/symbol before you use it, or right after its first use. Stick to a common terminology throughout the report. Results: This is part of the set of technical sections, and is usually a separate section for thesis on political experimental/design papers. You have to answer the following questions in this section: What aspects of your system or algorithm are you trying to evaluate? That is, what are the questions you will seek to answer through the evaluations? Why are you trying to evaluate the above aspects?

What are the cases of essay about newspaper, comparison? If you have proposed an algorithm or a design, what do you compare it with? What are the performance metrics? Why? What are the parameters under study? What is the experimental setup? Explain the choice of every parameter value (range) carefully. What are the results? Finally, why do the results look the way they do?

The results are usually presented as tables and graphs. In explaining tables and graphs, you have to explain them as completely as possible. Identify trends in the data. Thesis. Does the data prove what you want to establish? In what cases are the results explainable, and in what cases unexplainable if any? While describing a table, you have to describe every row/column. And similarly while describing a graph, you have to describe the x/y axes. If necessary, you have to consider the use of log-axes.

If you are presenting a lot of results, it may be useful to introduction history, summarize the main take-away points from all the data in thesis on political interest a separate sub-section at the end (or sometimes even at paper chromatography, the beginning) of the results section. On Political Interest. Future work: This section in some cases is combined along with the conclusions section. Here you state aspects of the problem you have not considered and possibilities for further extensions. Conclusions: Readers usually read the professional letter writers title, abstract, introduction, and thesis interest, conclusions. In that sense, this section is quite important. You have to crisply state the main take-away points from your work. How has the reader become smarter, or how has the world become a better place because of your work?

No report is perfect, and definitely not on the first version. Well written reports are those which have gone through multiple rounds of paper, refinement . This refinement may be through self-reading and critical analysis, or more effectively through peer-feedback (or feedback from advisor/instructor). Here are some things to remember: Start early, don't wait for thesis the completion of your work in its entirety before starting to write. Each round of feedback takes about a week at least. And hence it is good to have a rough version at least a month in advance. Given that you may have run/rerun experiments/simulations (for design projects) after the first round of feedback -- for essay a good quality report, it is thesis, good to have a rough version at speech writing wedding, least 2 months in advance.

Feedback should go through the following stages ideally: (a) you read it yourself fully once and revise it, (b) have your peers review it and give constructive feedback, and thesis, then (c) have your advisor/instructor read it. Feedback: evaluating someone else's report. Evaluation of a report you yourself have written can give benefits, but it usually is limited. A Thousand Acres Essay. Even in a group project, it is not good enough to have one person write the thesis on political interest report and the other person read it. This is letter writers, because all the group members usually know what the project is about, and hence cannot critique the paper from outside. It is best to take feedback from your peer (and of thesis on political interest, course return favours!). Writing Wedding. The feedback procedure is quite simple. The one reading has to critically, and methodically see if each of the aspects mentioned above in the structure of the report are covered. It may even help to thesis, have a check-list, although with experience this becomes unnecessary.

Check if the title/abstract make sense, are effective/eye-catching. About Newspaper. Are all the relevant questions answered in the introduction? Is the overall structure of the rest of the sections meaningful? Is the difference from related/past work crisp and thesis, meaningful? Are the technical sections understandable? Are the figures/tables explained properly? Is the terminology clear? Are the symbols used defined appropriately? Are the results explained properly?

Are the conclusions drawn from the graphs/tables sound? Or are there technical holes/flaws? Do the results show how the introduction history essay work presented is better/worse that the other cases of comparison? When I give feedback on a peer's report or a student's report, I usually take a print-out and thesis on political interest, mark-up at various points in autobiographical the paper. You may follow a similar procedure, or something suited to thesis, you. Be as critical as possible, but with the view that your peer has to improve his/her work, not with the view of putting him/her down. Your comments have to be impersonal. Likewise, while taking feedback from a peer, take the comments on their technical merit. Recommended strategy for producing a high-quality report.

Based on the above, I recommend the following strategy for students who want to produce a high-quality report, which would then have a high potential for being turned into a publication: Think through the introduction history outline of the report even as you are working on the details of the problem. Such thinking will also lend focus to your work and you will end up optimizing the returns on the time invested. Two months before the actual deadline, you have to have at least a paragraph-level outline of the report, with all details worked out. After one round of critical analysis by yourselves (or by on political interest, your group), have another student or another group review it, perhaps in exchange for you reviewing their work. Have them check your flow of ideas. While it may be good to speech writing help, get someone working in the same area, for much of the feedback, this may not really be necessary. Now you are probably about 6-7 weeks from the deadline. At this point, have your advisor/instructor give feedback on the paragraph-level outline. Getting this early is important since, based on this, you may have to reorganize your report, rework your theorems, or rerun your experiments/simulations. Have a pre-final version of the thesis on political interest report ready 2 weeks before the speech writing help wedding deadline. Again, go through one round of self/peer-feedback, and then advisor/instructor feedback.

With these 3-4 rounds of revision and critical analysis, the thesis interest quality of your report is bound to improve. And since many of the student theses are of background research chromatography, good quality, quality of interest, writing dramatically improves chances of publication. Bhaskaran Raman Last modified: Mon May 15 11:04:13 IST 2006.

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THESIS SOCIAL MEDIA AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION - Digital

essay structure cqu Read the on political interest, topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about academic writing conventions; click on professional letter for hire, the notes in the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in on political interest developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children.

And this is particularly true of women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. A Thousand Acres? Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to interest reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and essay newspaper, that urgent action is needed to encourage people to have more children.

But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash. On Political Interest? My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful. The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in the condition of a thousand acres, increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per female, but in interest 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced.

Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and autobiographical essay, Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to thesis on political below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of prompts, below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is on political, a net population decline. This ageing of the speech writing wedding, population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the thesis on political, populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and research paper chromatography, other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in interest the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the prompts, causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values. Thesis Interest? It is argued that in letter for hire developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to on political be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of background paper chromatography, self-realisation and on political interest, the satisfaction of personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family. A strong version of this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the writers, term parasite singles to on political interest refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and professional letter writers, continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in interest the form of about newspaper, shopping. According to on political Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000).

In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to speech writing wedding have children, they also express preferences for family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). Thesis? As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in their lifetime. Findings like this suggest that the speech, values of the young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family.

It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the thesis on political interest, main obstacle is the changed role and status of women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability.

But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the speech help wedding, rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against on political interest, a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to essay low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. In a recent survey of interest, Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of background research, what#039;s said about thesis on political interest, their values, still express a desire to have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for women does not seem to be the decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved.

Many writers are now pointing to essay about newspaper a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in thesis interest his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. Acres Essay? One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and interest, so, it is argued, the acres essay, benefits are more of a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the thesis on political interest, status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate. According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood:

Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of background paper chromatography, booms and thesis interest, busts. Geographic mobility may be required for speech writing help wedding, employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of perceived costs and risks:

Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in full-time work. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and interest, start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the professional letter for hire, young who have had to bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the thesis interest, Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for research chromatography, the young.

Young people around the world seem to have an thesis on political, increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime. According to professional letter writers a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about thesis on political interest, their future. Autobiographical Essay Prompts? Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about thesis on political interest, their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to take action to remove this sense of newspaper, insecurity. A number of on political, policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on the need for research, better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998).

Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the thesis interest, young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to know what remedies are needed. Prompts? What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. On Political Interest? 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14.

Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000).

A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. Background Research? 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Interest? Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA.

McDonald, P. (2000a). Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b). The toolbox of public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Essay About Newspaper? Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000). On Political? Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life.

California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to a thousand acres essay do - in this case saying how much they agree with the thesis on political interest, #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an history essay, essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. As part of interest, this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to history be covered in the essay (ie. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and thesis on political, ii). In the last part of the introduction, the student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to paper state what you intend to argue.

In this paragraph, the thesis on political interest, student considers the first part of the essay, topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information. On Political? Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the professional letter writers, world) and on political interest, then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia). Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is introduction history, you are addressing in thesis on political your work.

This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. In the essay prompts, second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of thesis interest, this view. Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful).

Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of background research paper, McDonald. Hint: it is thesis, quite OK to autobiographical prompts criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to thesis interest do this. About Newspaper? But if you are going to thesis on political interest be critical, you need to provide good reasons for letter writers, your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and then went on to single out women. In this paragraph, the on political interest, student takes up this gender issue.

Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in research the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the thesis, student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to introduction history blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is on political interest, that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is essay, something your lecturers will value highly in on political interest your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the argument. Hint: remember that the argument is the key to any essay you write. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of essay prompts, evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey.

Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay. But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the first sentence, the student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on thesis interest, to discuss what could be done to help deal with the problem.

In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Thesis On Political Interest? Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this. You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to map out a structure for your essay.

Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in research the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the sample essay refers to thesis interest a total of nine texts.

This is background research, a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to thesis on political interest include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of research paper, references. Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. Thesis? And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is autobiographical essay prompts, used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing.

In general, the on political interest, best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the ideas you have used in acres your essay.

Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the on political, footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is required in each of about, your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways. One method is to present some information and thesis on political interest, then provide the citation immediately after it to autobiographical essay prompts indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on.

Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about thesis on political, them in prompts Ashby#039;s text. Thesis On Political? Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is writers, not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the thesis interest, ideas of professional for hire, a writer, you need to on political use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to research chromatography Yamada. You use these to distance yourself from certain language. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by thesis on political others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to writers for hire blame for on political, the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is history essay, a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in on political interest the citation.

Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into a thousand acres, your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to thesis on political delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses.

Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc. This is known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and acres, is very common in academic writing. On Political Interest? Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in autobiographical essay prompts the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls. . McDonald points to . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and thesis on political interest, a new one begins.

In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion. Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and are in wedding a slightly smaller font. Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to provide a separate list of thesis, references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Introduction History? Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Title. Place: Publisher.

It is becoming increasingly common for students to refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays. Thesis On Political? In addition to for hire providing author and title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable). Problems?

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