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bo lozoff essays Our present methods of dealing with criminals have not made society safer and crime-free, rather they have made the to puerto problems worse. A leading American prison reform activist tells what we can do reverse this trend. But that's just a myth, and a dangerous one, because it is actually preventing us from autobiographical prompts, solving the crime problem. Here's the reality: America now locks up prisoners at a rate five times greater than most industrialized nations, a rate of incarceration second only to to puerto, Russia. The number of inmates in state and federal prisons has more than quadrupled, from thesis, fewer than 200,000 in 1970 to 948,000 in to puerto essay, 1993. Prisoners currently sleep on floors, in tents, in converted broom closets and writing personal essays for college, gymnasiums, or in double or triple bunks in cells that were designed for one inmate.
I have visited about essay 500 prisons and, I can tell you, they are not country clubs (though they certainly are a luxury item: The average new prison cell costs $53,100 to construct). For the most part, they are terrifying and miserable places that will seem as shameful to us in a hundred years as the infamous nineteenth-century snake-pit insane asylums seem to us today. Approximately 240,000 brutal rapes occur in scholarship, our prison system each year, and most of the victims are young, nonviolent male inmates, many of them teen-age first offenders. To Puerto Essay! After being raped, or punked out, many of these young men are forced to university, shave their body hair and dress effeminately so they can be sold among roosters as sexual slaves for packs of cigarettes. This sometimes continues for the entire length of their incarceration. They are traumatized beyond imagination. Michael Fay's caning in Singapore was child's play compared to the reception he would have had in nearly any state prison in America. We are not soft on criminals. The above, however, should not lead you to believe that our prisons are teeming with violent, dangerous people. Just the rico essay opposite: More than half of all US prisoners are serving time for non-violent offenses.
Please let that sink in, because it's probably not the image you've received from the writing essays for college media. Instead, we've been led to imagine a legion of dangerous criminals cleverly plotting to my trip to puerto rico, get out and hurt us again. The truth is that most prison inmates are confused, disorganized, and often pathetic individuals who would love to turn their lives around if given a realistic chance. Unfortunately many of those nonviolent offenders will no longer he nonviolent by prompts the time they leave prison. But perhaps the most pervasive myth distorting our view of criminal justice is that increasing arrests and imprisonment is an my trip to puerto essay, effective strategy for reducing crime. Again, here's the shocking reality: The rate of violent crime hasn't significantly increased or decreased in essay about, the past fifteen years. And yet, the prison population in my trip rico essay, the US more than doubled during the l980s. What's more, the threat of prison does not seem to deter criminal behavior.
Around 62 percent of all prison inmates nationwide are arrested again within three years. Prisons are not scaring criminals away from crime; they are incapacitating them so they are hardly fit for anything else. In other words, the criminal justice system that we're paying for so dearly simply isn't working. And yet we keep on throwing more money into it. So how do we start fixing what's broken? Here are seven places to begin: Learn to recognize the influence of socially sanctioned hatred. What I mean by socially sanctioned hatred is personal simple: We human beings seem to my trip essay, have a built-in temptation to objectify other groups of people in essay, order to feel superior to them or to find a scapegoat for all our problems. It's reflected in language, in words like nigger, Faggot, slant-eyes, gook, and so on.
Certainly, among most of us, that kind of prejudicial speech is not acceptable. And yet, among decent people, from my trip, liberal to conservative, it is still socially acceptable to girl who wrote thesis at duke, call criminals scum, sleaze bags, or animals. We hear that one demented soul kidnapped and killed a little girl, and a few weeks later, when a teenager steals our car radio, we are ready to to puerto essay, strap the two of them together in the gas chamber. I'm sick of these animals, we say. They're all alike. Personal Accomplishment Essay! Let them fry. People who break the law are not all alike. They are an to puerto rico essay, enormously diverse group of human beings. Make drugs a public health problem instead of personal for college, a criminal justice problem.
Drug cases are clogging our nation's prisons. To Puerto Rico! Some 61 percent of federal prison inmates are there for drug offenses, up from writing essays for college, 18 percent in 1980. And all this incarceration is doing nothing to solve the drug problem. Many wardens, judges, and rico essay, other officials know this, but it has become political suicide to discuss decriminalization. We need to insist upon prompts a more mature dialogue about the my trip rico drug problem. Essay Prompts! Keep in mind that the high-level drug dealers aren't cluttering up our prisons; they're too rich and smart to get caught. They hire addicts or kids, sometimes as young as eleven or twelve, to take most of the risks that result in confinement. But it's not the dealers who create the essay drug problem anyway. Among the poor, drugs are a problem of alienation and writing personal for college, isolation, of feeling unknown, unimportant, powerless, and hopeless. Among the affluent, they are an my trip to puerto, attempt to keep up with or escape from an insanely frenzied lifestyle that has almost nothing to do with simple human joys such as friendship or hearing the birds sing.
We need to address these issues in ourselves, our families, and our communities. At the same time, we must press for who wrote, changes in drug laws. I'm not advocating that we legalize all drugs, because it's not that simple. To Puerto Rico! But we do have to girl, decriminalize their use, treating the problem as the public-health issue it is. To Puerto Essay! Doing so would have tremendous benefits. Without drug offenders, our prisons would have more than enough room to hold all the dangerous criminals. Personal Accomplishment! As a result, we wouldn't need to build a single new prison, saving us some $5 billion a year. And if we spent a fraction of that money on rehabilitation centers and community revitalization programs, we'd begin to put drug dealers out of to puerto rico essay, business in personal for college, the only way that will last -by drying up their market. To Puerto Rico Essay! Separate violent and essay about, nonviolent offenders right from the start. It's inconceivable that we routinely dump nonviolent offenders in prison cells with violent ones, even in local jails and holding tanks. What are we thinking?
I know one fellow who was arrested for participating in my trip to puerto, a Quaker peace vigil and was jailed in lieu of paying a ten-dollar fine. In a forty-eight- hour period, he was savagely raped and traded back and berkeley phd thesis, forth among more than fifty violent prisoners. That was twenty years ago, and since then he has had years of therapy, and yet he has never recovered emotionally. His entire life still centers around the decision of one prison superintendent to place him in a violent cellblock in order to teach him a lesson. Most nonviolent offenders do in fact learn a lesson: how to be violent. Ironically; we spend an average of $20,000 per year, per inmate, teaching them this.
For less than that we could be sending every nonviolent offender to college. None of us, including prison staff, should accept violence as a fact of to puerto, prison life, and essay, it would be easy not to. We could designate certain facilities as zero-violence areas and allow inmates to live there as long as they don't commit-or even threaten to commit-a single violent act. The great majority of prisoners would sign up for my trip essay, such a place, I can assure you. Only about 10 percent of the prison population sets the personal scholarship essay terrorist tone for most institutions, and they are able to do that because the administration gives no support to my trip to puerto essay, the 90 percent of inmates who just want to do their time, improve themselves in some way, and get out alive. To make matters worse, in accomplishment essay, most prisons when an inmate is threatened he or she is the one who gets locked up in a little cell for twenty-four hours a day, while those doing the my trip rico threatening remain in personal essay, the open population.
We must revise this practice and my trip essay, begin to for college, expect prisoners to be nonviolent. And we need to support them in this by offering conflict-resolution trainings such as the 'Alternatives to Violence programs currently being conducted by and for convicts around the country. Such trainings should be required for all prisoners and staff. Regain compassion and respect for those who wrong us. Over the past twenty years, we have increasingly legitimized cruelty and callousness in response to the cruelty and callousness of criminals.
And with the recent elections and new crime bills, we are rushing even further down this low road. In a number of prisons across the to puerto rico country we have reduced or eliminated the opportunity for inmates to university phd thesis, earn college degrees, clamped down on family visits, and restricted access to books and magazines. And now there is even a growing public sentiment to strip prisons of televisions and exercise facilities. It's as if we want to make sure inmates are miserable every second of the day. We no longer want them to get their lives together. My Trip Rico Essay! We just want them to suffer In the long run, however, this approach will not make us happy, nor will it keep our children safe from crime. In fact, as I see it, this vengeful attitude may actually be leading our young people toward violence. The peak age for violent crime in America is now eighteen, and it's edging downward every year. Our children sense that it's all right to be mean and violent toward people they don't like. They are not learning compassion or reconciliation. Personal Scholarship Essay! Don't expect a youngster to my trip rico essay, be able to play doh to plato, master the difference between an enemy you define and an enemy he or she defines.
Taking the essay high road does not mean being lenient toward criminals. I'm certainly not advocating that we open the prison doors and let everybody out. In fact, I feel that there are many types of berkeley university phd thesis, behavior that can cause a person to yield his or her right to stay in free society. But we need to my trip to puerto rico essay, work intensively with people who break the law; we have to structure our responses in ways that show them that they have value, that we believe in them, and that we need them. We must relegate prison to the status of who wrote, last resort after all other measures have failed. Allow for transformation, not merely rehabilitation. Our ideas of rehabilitation usually revolve around education, job skills, and my trip essay, counseling.
But many ex-cons have told me they left prison merely better-educated and personal accomplishment, -skilled criminals. Until they felt their connection and value to others, nothing ever reached into their hearts. Take this letter from a former inmate, for example: Dear Bo, Man, I went through a time of to puerto, hating you and Sita before I came to my senses. Let me explain: When you met me in prison and looked into my eyes, you didn't buy the about evil son of a bitch that I portrayed to the world. I believed it myself. But you two looked at to puerto rico me with respect. Man, I hated your guts for that. I'm serious, I have never felt a worse punishment than your respect. Cops and essays for college, cons could beat on me all day long, I was used to that from the time I was a kid But for my trip to puerto rico, somebody to see the good in berkeley university phd thesis, me--man, that was unbearable.
It took a long time, but it finally wore me down and I had to admit that I'm basically a good person. I've been out for three years now. Not even close to a life of crime anymore. Thanks seems puny but thanks. If we forget that in every criminal there is a potential saint, we are dishonoring all of the great spiritual traditions. Saul of Tarsus persecuted and killed Christians before becoming Saint Paul, author of much of the New Testament. Valmiki, the revealer of the Ramayana, was a highwayman, a robber, and a murderer. My Trip To Puerto Rico! Milarepa, one of the greatest Tibetan Buddhist gurus, killed thirty- seven people before he became a saint.
Moses, who led the Jews out of bondage in Egypt, began his spiritual career by killing an Egyptian. If we forget that Charles Manson is capable of transformation, that doesn't reveal our lack of confidence in essay my favorite food, Manson, it shows our lack of confidence in our own scriptures. We must remember that even the worst of us can change. Over the past twenty years I've had the privilege of knowing thousands of people who did horrible things and yet were able to to puerto essay, transform their lives. They may not have become saints, but I have seen murderous rage gradually humbled into compassion, lifelong racial bigotry replaced by true brotherhood, and chronic selfishness transformed into committed altruism.
The promises of essay my favorite food, every great spiritual tradition are indeed true: Our deepest nature is good, not evil. Join and support the restorative justice movement. For decades our justice system has been run according to the tenets of retributive justice, a model based on exile and hatred. My Trip Rico! Restorative justice is a far more promising approach. This model holds that when a crime occurs, there's an injury to the community; and girl who wrote thesis at duke, that injury needs to be healed.
Restorative justice tries to bring the offender back into the community; if at all possible, rather than closing him out. My Trip To Puerto Rico! Whereas retributive justice immediately says Get the hell out of here! when someone commits a crime, restorative justice says Hey, get back in prompts, here! What are you doing that for? Don't you know we need you as one of the my trip to puerto good people in this community? What would your mama think? It's an entirely opposite approach, one that, I think, would result in stronger and safer communities. Writing! I'm not saying that every offender is ready to my trip to puerto, be transformed into who wrote thesis at duke a good neighbor. Advocates of essay, restorative justice are not naive. Sadly, prisons may be a necessary part of a restorative justice system.
But even so, prisons can be environments that maximize opportunities for the inmates to essay about my favorite, become decent and caring human beings. One of the to puerto more powerful initiatives within the restorative justice movement is the creation of victim-offender reconciliation programs (VORPs), which bring offenders and victims face to face. When offenders come out of those meetings you hear them say things like: I feel so ashamed now of scholarship essay, what I did, because I never realized how much I affected someone else's life, or I never meant to do that. I was just being selfish. Meanwhile, some of the classic responses from victims are: I really wanted to my trip to puerto rico essay, go in there hating those guys but I discovered they're just people. They really weren't as bad as I thought they'd be, or I was expecting to see someone evil, and in- stead I saw somebody stupid. Such victim-offender interaction humanizes both the injury and the healing process.
What can you do? If you become the victim of autobiographical essay, a crime, insist upon meeting your assailant. Insist upon rico being involved with the process of his or her restoration. University! Join or create a VORP in your community. Tour your local jail or prison to see first-hand what your taxes pay for. Go in my trip essay, with a church group or civic group to meet inmates. Become a pen pal to a prisoner who is seeking to change his or her life. Personal Accomplishment Essay! Talk to your friends and colleagues about employing ex-cons (in nationwide surveys, most employers admit they won't hire a person with a criminal record, so where are they supposed to work?). My Trip! Please reclaim your power and your responsibility, because the retributive system you have deferred to is not serving your best interests. Take the issue of crime and punishment personally.
I first became an activist in the '6Os during the civil rights movement in the South and, I can tell you, standing up against the Klan was not the hardest stuff. Nearly everybody was against writing for college, the Klan. The activism that took the most courage was raising the consciousness of our own friends and my trip to puerto rico, families. The same goes for our attitudes toward prisoners today. If somebody at your workplace says I'm glad they fried that animal, you have to have the guts to say Come on, Bob, that's beneath you to talk like that. And you have to my favorite food, be willing to be mocked as a bleeding-heart liberal for doing so. Just as with civil rights, and my trip rico, women's rights, we have to recognize that the national shame over essay about, our prison system is affecting us all, and to puerto, it's getting worse every day. Personal Accomplishment! This doesn't mean that we all have to become crusaders for prison reform, but we do have to to puerto rico essay, be more mindful of what we say and who and who wrote, what we vote for.
We have to realize that we are all a part of this problem. If you vote, if you pay taxes, if you are afraid to walk alone at night, you are already involved. And so we all must make real changes-not just political ones, but also in our personal attitudes and lifestyles. Bo Lozoff is to puerto rico essay a director of the Human Kindness Foundation and berkeley phd thesis, through its Prison Ashram Project has been corresponding with prisoners and to puerto rico essay, conducting workshops in prisons for more than twenty years. This article was published in New Renaissance, Vol.5 No. 3. The article originally appeared in The New Age Journal (342 Western Av., Brighton, MA USA) and is reprinted here with the permission of the author.
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How to Write the University of Chicago Application Essays 2017-2018. The University of Chicago, located in to puerto Chicago’s Hyde Park neighborhood, is a private research institution that ranks #3 in U.S. Play Doh To Essay! News and World Report’s Best National Universities. If you’re working on your University of Chicago application, you know getting into UChicago is no simple task — the class of 2020 had an essay acceptance rate of 7.9%. The writing supplements can be a challenge to tackle because of personal accomplishment scholarship, their open-ended and creative nature.
This post will help guide you through all of the University of Chicago’s essay prompts. Read on to understand how to tackle Chicago’s unique application essay prompts for 2017-2018. University of my trip to puerto rico, Chicago Application Essay Prompts. How does the University of Chicago, as you know it now, satisfy your desire for a particular kind of learning, community, and girl who wrote thesis, future? Please address with some specificity your own wishes and how they relate to UChicago. Like many other schools, UChicago asks applicants to answer what is essentially a question asking, “Why do you specifically want to attend this school?” This is my trip essay, a common prompt at many top schools, and accomplishment, it is what we like to call an “essay of elimination.” By itself, the “Why School X?” essay rarely gets a candidate into a school, as it is really difficult to write an answer to this question that is truly unique and meaningful. Instead, schools like UChicago use this application to my trip rico separate the candidates who are truly passionate about attending the school (it has too many strong applicants for a limited number of spots in the incoming freshman class). That’s why a poorly written or mediocre “Why UChicago?” essay can keep you out, even if a great one cannot get you in. And the only way to actually mess up this question, beyond obvious errors, like making grammar mistakes or saying something offensive, is if you don’t write an essay that is specifically about the University of Chicago. Generic statements like “I’m excited to play plato spend the next four years in Chicago,” “UChicago students have a tight knit community,” or “the campus is beautiful” — that apply to dozens of colleges around the to puerto essay country — should be avoided.
The university wants to thesis know that you want to specifically attend it, not just that you want to attend any Top 15 university in the United States. Specificity is my trip rico, key . To help you as you write your Why UChicago essay, we have included a few special and unique things about the University of Chicago, according to girl CollegeVine team members from the school. This is by no means a fully comprehensive or complete list, and it would behoove you to do your own research as well, as ideally, you will find specific reasons for attending UChicago that align with your own admissions profile. We would also warn that unless you plan on reading through 15 years worth of Scav lists, merely name-dropping Scav will likely diminish the specificity and essay, strength of scholarship, your essay. Note: As this question is asked every year by UChicago, these notes borrow heavily from the lists we presented in our blog posts for to puerto rico essay, the essays for the classes of 2018, 2019, 2020, and autobiographical essay prompts, 2021. Extended Essay Questions: Choose One. ‘The aim of argument, or of discussion, should not be victory, but progress.’ – Joseph Joubert. Sometimes, people talk a lot about popular subjects to assure ‘victory’ in conversation or understanding, and my trip to puerto essay, leave behind topics of less popularity, but great personal or intellectual importance. What do you think is important but under-discussed? The key words in this prompt are “victory” and “progress,” which indicate that the prompt is set up nicely for you to who wrote at duke draw a contrast between the topic that you think is important but under-discussed and rico essay, other topics.
One natural axis with which to approach this essay is essay, policy or politics . It is rico essay, pretty easy to draw a contrast between issues that are politically contentious, like abortion or free speech, and issues that are highly impactful but less debated, like malaria in Africa or the opioid crisis in the United States. If you go down this path, it’s important to note that questions like abortion and personal accomplishment, free speech are certainly important. Instead of rico, just arguing that they are not important, you can draw upon the prompt in saying that discussion of those issues is usually conducted in such a manner that no progress is made. Instead, it’s usually about trying to yell at the other side. As long as you make this clarification, you can then turn to the real or underlying issue and explore it further, laying out why you think it’s important. This essay archetype can be made more effective if it is interwoven with a strong personal narrative that ties you to the important and under-discussed issue (for example, perhaps you have cousins that have gotten addicted to opioids). But it is still possible to personal scholarship essay write an excellent essay in this vein even if you don’t have a personal connection to the essay. Another angle to take with this essay is to my trip rico focus on a highly specialized or niche area within a topic or field of girl who wrote thesis at duke, interest and write a deep-dive essay that shows off your passion for a subject. This can obviously be something like a deep academic treatise on an overlooked aspect of rico, Russian history between 1640-1700, but it doesn’t have to be about essay my favorite, a purely academic topic. For example, if you’re an to puerto rico avid soccer player and thesis, fan, you can write an my trip essay about why the 3-5-2 formation is university phd thesis, under-discussed and under-utilized, despite allowing several underdog teams to pull upsets in international tournaments.
The important thing isn’t that the my trip essay idea is particularly academic or erudite, but rather that you know the topic extremely well and can display your love for it through the essay. Due to a series of clerical errors, there is exactly one typo (an extra letter, a removed letter, or an altered letter) in the name of every department at the University of Chicago. Oops! Describe your new intended major. Why are you interested in doh to essay it and what courses or areas of my trip to puerto, focus within it might you want to explore?
Potential options include Commuter Science, Bromance Languages and accomplishment scholarship essay, Literatures, Pundamentals: Issues and rico essay, Texts, Ant History… a full list of unmodified majors ready for plato essay, your editor’s eye is available here: https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/academics/majors-minors. – Inspired by Josh Kaufman, Class of 2018. This prompt certainly lends itself to to puerto an essay with a more humorous tone, and plato, it is quite easy to slip into a joking treatment of “Bromance Languages” or “Ant History.” There are certainly interesting essays that can be written in this vein, but we would caution that it is really difficult to pull off a humorous tone in a written format because so much of humor is contextual and specific to the tastes of the audience. You can still write an my trip to puerto rico essay that attempts to who wrote thesis at duke leverage humor with this prompt, but you should keep your audience in my trip to puerto rico essay mind. Admissions counselors at top universities tend to be younger, highly educated, and thesis at duke, politically progressive.
So it’s probably not the best idea to slip that “edgy” (i.e., racist) joke that you found on Reddit into this essay. And regarding tone, you should be going for my trip to puerto rico essay, something closer to Mel Brooks or Woody Allen than to Adam Sandler. However, you don’t have to tackle this prompt with a humorous lens. Instead, you can use it as an opportunity to show off your intellectual chops and flexibility, or highlight multiple academic themes on your profile. For example, let’s say that you’re interested in writing personal for college both linguistics and gender and sexuality studies. Instead of cracking the all-too-easy jokes about Bromance Languages, you could reframe your exploration of the my trip topic by using it as a launchpad to discuss the concept of toxic masculinity and how that prevents effective communication in male friendships by creating a taboo around discussing one’s feelings openly. This essay is going to work best if you find a pun or fusion that aligns closely with your profile. To share just one more example, let’s say that you renamed “Social Sciences” to “SoCal Sciences” and are interested in studying urban studies and essay, history. You could frame the renamed major as the study of how the my trip to puerto essay historic presence of industry and the military (the hard “sciences”) in university phd thesis Los Angeles shaped the urban geography of the city and made it harder for rico essay, the city to densify its neighborhoods once those industries left. Again this is just one of numerous possible examples with the writing essays for college dozens of my trip rico, majors on that list. Autobiographical Essay! You should think carefully about your own.
Don't Worry — We'll edit your admissions essay in a few hours. Submit your essay and rico, we’ll get it back to you with helpful edits. Earth. Fire. Wind. Water. Heart! Captain Planet supposes that the world is made up of these five elements. We’re familiar with the girl thesis previously-noted set and with actual elements like hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon, but select and explain another small group of things (say, under five) that you believe compose our world.
– Inspired by Dani Plung, Class of 2017. This prompt is the first to really lend itself to a highly personal narrative, as you can use it as a vehicle to my trip rico comment on the broader psychology or organizational patterns of the personal accomplishment essay society around you while weaving in your personal experience. As an to puerto essay example, if you struggled with self-esteem and communicating with peers when you were younger, you might argue that your place in who wrote thesis at duke the world is driven by the combination of confidence, intellect, and the ability to communicate or connect with other people. If you mixed your analysis of these topics with intensely personal and negative memories of times that you struggled in each area, it could be the foundation for an incredibly powerful essay. Conversely, you can easily lay out a more positive case and to puerto, tell your story that way. For example, you could propose that the world is composed of altruism, Smithian self-interest, and random chance. My Favorite Food! Using this as your foundation, you could argue that every event in your life falls into one of these categories, and to puerto rico, share anecdotes of essay, how your life displays each of those traits. Once again (as with most UChicago essay prompts), there is also a more academic angle that you can take, perhaps illustrating your knowledge of sociology, economics, or neo-Marxist analysis. The key with this type of to puerto essay, approach is to ensure that you are displaying both your intense passion for the field and your in-depth knowledge of it.
UChicago is the rare school that will accept your display of an academic or quirky passion in berkeley university a college essay, but you cannot fake it — your essay needs to display the deep love and my trip rico essay, passion you have for the subject or field. The late New York Times photographer Bill Cunningham once said, ‘Fashion is the who wrote thesis at duke armor to essay survive the reality of everyday life. I don’t think you could do away with it. It would be like doing away with civilization.’ Tell us about phd thesis, your ‘armor.’ – Inspired by Adam Berger, Class of 2020. This is probably the prompt that lends itself most to a personal narrative or story, for obvious reasons. One tactic that you can take is to describe a personality trait or common behavior of yours as your armor — for example, confidence or sarcasm — and interweave that with anecdotes that prove the point.
In general if you take this approach, you want to try and to puerto essay, choose less common or cliched personality traits. Sarcasm is about the most conventional answer that you can give that still makes for a compelling essay, anything more narrow than that (like confidence) will likely come off as cliched. A slightly more innovative approach in this style is to use it to show that you’re willing to engage with your flaws a little bit, especially if you are a strong applicant on paper. Obviously you don’t want to go overboard, but (as an example) describing a nervous tic where you rub your pen during a test to help calm yourself down could serve as an essay that humanizes you and takes a more innovative approach to the prompt. Another angle to take with this prompt is to use it to explore an extracurricular activity or passion that you display in your profile. For a specific activity or passion, you could then talk about a fundamental skill or “go-to move” that you fall back on when things aren’t going smoothly in this activity, which thus makes it a form of “armor” that you use to essay avoid failure in the activity. The sports examples are easy to think of: For example, perhaps your go-to move in my trip to puerto basketball is a fadeaway jump shot. University Phd Thesis! But the concept can also be applied in a non-sports context. If you are a Lincoln-Douglas debater, then maybe there is a rhetorical trick or technique that you always fall back on when you’re in a tough debate.
Or if you conduct a lot of physics research, perhaps you always fall back on your understanding of data when you see results that you can’t replicate or that are confusing. Regardless of the my trip to puerto rico essay arena, the point is to highlight a foundational skill that you use in the activity to reiterate your passion and dedication to scholarship essay the activity. One final approach is to engage literally with the question and talk about my trip to puerto rico essay, your favorite piece of fashion or clothing. Perhaps you have a favorite shirt or there’s a pair of shoes that has a special place in autobiographical essay prompts your heart. But if you do write about an actual piece of clothing, you shouldn’t just skim the surface level, i.e., “I like this shirt because I look good in it, and rico, it makes me feel good.” Instead, you should use it as a jumping-off point to reflect on personal essay, who you are as a person and my trip to puerto rico, share that with the admissions counselor. Essay! For example, you might write an essay about your favorite pair of sweatpants because you always do your best work in those sweatpants (and cannot do your best work unless you are comfortable and warm). You might also extend the essay to talk about my trip, why you sometimes feel the essays for college need for solitude (which the sweatpants implicitly represent) amidst the social strain of being in high school. Fans of the movie Sharknado say that they enjoy it because ‘it’s so bad, it’s good.’ Certain automobile owners prefer classic cars because they ‘have more character.’ And recently, vinyl record sales have skyrocketed because it is to puerto essay, perceived that they have a warmer, fuller sound. Discuss something that you love not in spite of but rather due to personal scholarship essay its quirks or imperfections.
– Inspired by Alex Serbanescu, Class of to puerto essay, 2021. This is a prompt that is berkeley, naturally set up for my trip essay, you to share something that’s quirky or offbeat about yourself. One angle to take is to focus on some sort of hobby or pastime that you enjoy that isn’t particularly mainstream. For example, if you collect antique furniture from the 1940s or really love riding in essay older Amtrak trains for the authenticity of the experience, then this is to puerto rico essay, a prompt that lines up really nicely to writing personal explore that. My Trip Essay! If you can tie the various quirks of the hobby or pastime to your own personal journey, then that takes the essay to my favorite food the next level. For example, if you first experienced an Amtrak train with your grandfather and heard his stories, that could create a highly personal and compelling narrative. Another approach with this essay is to write about some sort of “guilty pleasure” that you have, say if you like bad movies like the Transformers series or cheesy pop music. If you are then able to use your guilty pleasure as a vehicle to explore society at large and to puerto essay, your place within it, then that can create a truly innovative and interesting essay.
For example, if you’re a male in scholarship more traditional settings whose guilty pleasure is watching romantic comedies, you could then explore the fact that this is considered an my trip to puerto rico “unmanly” pastime and phd thesis, how you feel about that fact in my trip essay a reflective and incisive essay. This is possible with any number of “guilty pleasures,” but you do want to be careful about how your assessment will be viewed by the reader. For example, it’s perfectly fine to write an personal accomplishment scholarship essay that says that you love the my trip to puerto Transformers movie series despite its uneven gender politics if you are a woman. But the same essay written by a man might come off as tone deaf given who admissions counselors are. In the spirit of personal scholarship, adventurous inquiry, pose your own question or choose one of our past prompts. Be original, creative, thought provoking. Draw on your best qualities as a writer, thinker, visionary, social critic, sage, citizen of the world, or future citizen of the University of my trip, Chicago; take a little risk, and have fun. This is a prompt that appears every year. This essay really poses the girl thesis highest risk but also the highest potential reward.
Writing your own question allows you to to puerto essay write an innovative essay that either tackles a difficult or controversial topic (for example, our founder Vinay Bhaskara’s essay tackled why mainstream Hollywood films are more valuable than seemingly more intellectual independent films), or presents the information with a unique format (such as a conversation with a dead historical figure). Using a prompt from past years also allows you to write an essay that is thematically and tonally different from many other applicants (as they will mostly be writing about the first five prompts offered above). Generally speaking, your best payoff to this essay comes if you want to personal essays try something unconventional, such as writing an essay that describes the four years of high school as Hell, Purgatory, Paradise, and Heaven, and my trip to puerto rico essay, is written in the style of the divine comedy. There are a variety of possibilities here ranging from the idiotic (you probably don’t want to write your own variation on the alt-right’s platform referring to events in thesis your high school life) to the (relatively) overdone — they’ve probably seen several essays that have been written in iambic pentameter as an ode to Chaucer. And we’ll reiterate the note above: This type of my trip, essay has the highest variance in terms of outcome. If done well, an unconventional essay can captivate the plato right admissions counselor in rico a way that no conventional essay can.
Conversely, if the accomplishment essay essay is executed poorly or even if it isn’t, your essay may go over the admissions counselor’s head or bore them. So this is only a strategy that you should try if you are confident in your abilities and have at least a couple of my trip to puerto essay, sources of personal accomplishment, high-quality feedback. This is to puerto essay, also an personal accomplishment scholarship optimal prompt for truly diving into an academic passion, particularly if it is my trip to puerto essay, of an advanced level or unique tenor. Autobiographical Essay Prompts! For example, if you know a lot about Soviet cars produced between 1957 and my trip rico, 1983, then writing a custom prompt that allows you to explore that passion may be easier than trying to bend that topic to autobiographical essay match one of the prompts provided. As with any academically oriented essay, you do want to make sure that any jargon you use is made clear, either via explicit explanation or context clues. You shouldn’t shy away from jargon — it’s one of the things that helps position you as an expert on the subject of rico, your essay. But you don’t want to render the essay unintelligible to your reader. One broader note on writing your own prompt — it doesn’t have to essay be as complex or convoluted as the other UChicago prompts, and you mainly just want to find a prompt that matches the essay that you want to write, even if it is straightforward.
We wish you the essay best of personal essays for college, luck writing your UChicago essay! From school list creation to putting together a solid admissions narrative and helping you write competitive essays , we’ll help you every step of the way. We'll send them straight to my trip rico your inbox. Latest posts by personal for college, CollegeVine College Essay Team (see all) How to Write the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Essays 2017-2018 - September 26, 2017 How to Write the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Essays 2017-2018 - September 25, 2017 How to Write the Yeshiva University Application Essays 2017-2018 - September 25, 2017. We’ll send you college prep tips #038; admissions info. 125 Cambridge Park Dr. Cambridge, MA 02140.
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What Editors Want; A Must-Read for Writers Submitting to Literary Magazines. By Lynne Barrett. A magazine editor is a person who enjoys bringing new writing to the world in a publication that will be seen, read, appreciated, and talked about. This is the first fact anyone submitting to to puerto rico, a magazine should understand. There may be two editors, or five, or a rotating group of berkeley university phd thesis, a dozen student-editors on a board, but for purposes of this essay, let’s consider one who, if not totally in charge, has a large say in what goes on.
This editor is committed to the magazine, to it reaching a readership, to its identity and my trip to puerto, survival. The editor wants nothing more than to read something so fresh and powerful and polished there is no question it must be in the journal. Instead the editor, having read 17 things this morning, keeps going, thinking: A run-on sentence in the first line! Oh no, another story with the character waking up hung-over and getting a phone call. Why must they flash back before anything interesting happens? That isn’t really funny. We don’t publish travel articles. Does no one read the essay about my favorite food guidelines? This one gets good in the middle, but then the character just sits down and thinks about to puerto, stuff. Wonderful minor character but the main one is self-pitying.
Almost. Good scene. Pretty good. Not quite. Berkeley University? Please can’t somebody just dazzle me so I can pick something and stop this? The editor reads till unable to process any more, goes to get some more coffee, and starts again, resolving not to give in to my trip essay, the temptation to say no as fast as possible in order to shrink the pile on the table, or the long list of files on phd thesis the computer. The editor knows that because of the accumulation of negative thoughts, it is to puerto rico essay, possible to berkeley university, miss something wonderful and make a mistake. The editor, despite this, notices some good pieces, puts them aside to reread, sees in the light of second reading what holds up, and my trip rico, then passes the work along and meets with the other editor, or four, or eleven, and personal accomplishment scholarship, listens to their views, argues, surrenders, prevails, until there is enough for an issue that matches their vision of the magazine’s identity. The editor then moves on to overseeing the production of the issue (online, downloadable pdf, broadside, stapled, perfect bound, whatever it may be, this is hard, detailed work), while at the same time commencing to read for the next, trying to to puerto rico, get together the play doh to money needed to keep this thing going, and getting the word out about the issue that just came out. Unless the my trip rico magazine is a big commercial enterprise, the editor is continuously reading, selecting, working on production and lay-out, trying to get money or workers or both, and writing personal essays for college, trying to get the magazine seen.
The editor is tired and busy. Much of the editor’s work is invisible. What gets published may, possibly, go on to win awards or be anthologized, which helps to cast some reflected glory back on my trip to puerto rico the magazine, but recognitions for an editor are few. One pleasure is sending out the phd thesis acceptances, and knowing somebody is made happy. At the rico essay same time, the editor sends out essay, flotillas of form rejections.
This is a job to my trip to puerto rico, delegate, if possible, it’s so depressing. Those who think the editor is rejecting with some pleasure in hurting are entirely wrong. The editor, with an eye to the long run and a pang for autobiographical essay those who come close, may send a few rejections that contain a word or two of encouragement, or even a longer letter. (See below for how to handle each of these possibilities.) Yes, the editor is my trip rico essay, a gate-keeper, controlling entrée to something you want, but that is really of more importance to you than to girl, the editor. The editor’s eye is on the magazine. You, of my trip essay, course, are a writer. Let’s say you are just starting to university, send out. You are thinking, Am I any good?
Will this make people I love believe I’m worthwhile? Is that third paragraph unnecessary as R said in my trip to puerto, workshop, but I still like it, and if I keep it, and my story gets published then that will show R, but what if R is right after all? Is this my first step to autobiographical, fame and glory? Am I a genius? Am I in rico essay, fact too good for autobiographical essay prompts this magazine I’m sending to to puerto rico essay, or not good enough?
Am I an personal idiot? Will my parents stop suggesting other jobs I could do given my education? Will strangers want to sleep with me because of my prose? Etc. etc. None of my trip to puerto, this is of interest to the editor. Remember the editor’s deepest wish: Send something perfect for essay us, please.
So your job is to help the editor by sending work that is developed, complete, thoroughly revised, andof great importanceappropriate for the magazine. To do that last part of your job well, you have to read the magazines. Not long ago, within a few days, three aspiring writers stopped me (in the office, in my trip to puerto rico, the parking lot, and at an airport gate) to personal essays for college, ask: “Where should I send my story which is over 20,000 words long?” “Where should I send my work where it will be accepted as fast as possible? The agent I approached about my novel says I have to have a track record.” “What magazine likes grown-up fables that are a little weird?” They were asking for a shortcut. It’s natural to want one, when you feel small in a big unknown world, and impatient, wanting results immediately.
But I said, to my trip to puerto essay, each: “You can’t expect to accomplishment scholarship, be a professional if you don’t do your own homework.” When I was starting out, I told my questioners, I spent at least one day each month in a library, reading literary magazines and taking notes on to puerto rico index cards. Yes, those were ancient times. It’s easier now, but you still need to play, read magazines and I still advocate having a set time to do this research, keeping it apart from your writing. My Trip? And then you’ll be ready to send your work out. Three out of three went on to say, “But does anybody ever read these magazines?” (Implying that because they haven’t, no one does.) Yes, I said, people do. Writers do. Writers who want to personal for college, learn what kind of writing gets published where, what it takes to my trip rico, break in.
Writers who want to learn their craft. You’ll see things that you don’t like and things that stun you and teach you. In addition, other editors, agents, and even some people who just like to read, read magazines. When I edited Gulf Stream , a couple of smart agents and more than one editor wrote to ask for the contact information for contributors whose work they liked. I told my questioners, if they didn’t believe me, to look at Dan Chaon’s interview in The Review Review , and read the reviews there, to look at New Pages.com, AWP Chronicle , Poets Writers , and Facebook (where journals have community pages which will send you helpful reminders of when they are reading), and start to make a list of magazines to investigate. About? Then, I repeated, choose some to read.
If they are on-line and free, it’s easy. Rico Essay? If they’re print journals, you may see a sample on the website, but you should go ahead and order the magazines whose samples intrigue you. A good tip: go in together with four other people and each subscribe to a couple of journals, and accomplishment scholarship essay, then share them. So cheap! Then you can discuss the work that was chosen, which can be a great amplification of your usual workshopping. What do these pieces have (or not have) compared to the work you and your friends are writing? How unified, inventive, and polished does a story have to my trip, be to be published? Which editors like what? Odds are you have read the essay about my favorite food work of your classmates, and the work of masters. Now you want to see the work of the people who are just maybe a step or three ahead of you.
Read the contributors’ notes, which can lead you to rico essay, find where those whose work you like are publishing and essay my favorite, so follow trails through the rico literary world. Identify magazines you love, ones where the work excites you and speaks to what you want to do. Start to personal for college, create a list, making pecking orders of ones you are interested in, based on their visibility, circulation, reputation, pay, attractiveness, or whatever factors matter to my trip to puerto rico, you. Then you are ready to begin sending your work out. Keep good records of what you send where, when. Make sure your submission is done in prompts, the format asked for on the magazine’s website, and pay attention to the reading period. If a cover letter is part of the set-up, use the my trip essay right name for about food the editor you are approaching, spelled correctly. You can include one sincere sentence about the rico essay magazine to show that you have really read it. “I especially enjoyed So-and-so’s story or poem in your Spring issue, because of: say something specific here.” You have no idea how ridiculously rare this is. Food? (Note, if you do not like any work in a magazine, you should not be sending there. You and the editor are not going to be on a wavelength.) Other than demonstrating that you have done your homework, essentially a cover letter or uploaded statement conveys information about what genre your submission is in my trip essay, and who you are.
If you have credentials include them, but be simple and essay, succinct. Many magazines are interested in to puerto rico, discovering people, so there is no shame in play plato essay, saying, “If you select this story, it would be my first publication.” I think it is better not to list things that almost happened. It’s fine to my trip to puerto essay, cite winning a contest, but 12 th place just says 11 were ahead of you. Don’t assume the personal letter is a sales pitch. Upon arrival, your information may be read by someone opening the mail or logging files. That somebody may flag a previous contributor, a person whose submission has been solicited, or someone who has been asked to send again. But you cannot expect the editor will definitely see the letter, nor will a letter make the editor read the story differently than other work in my trip rico essay, the pile.
What you send should not be full of explanations, plot summaries, testimonials (“my friends love it”) and who wrote, pleas (“Even if you must reject, please send me comments.”). Put your creativity, humor, and sensibility into the work you submit. My Trip To Puerto? You are writing a business letter to a busy person. About My Favorite? I think the best closing for a query letter is a simple, “Thank you for your time and consideration.” Send out and my trip, get back to autobiographical essay prompts, work writing and reading. How To Receive A Rejection. A standard rejection slip will have a wording that was worked out, sometimes long ago, to let people down and move on.
It is in no way personal. Do not brood over it. Note the rejection in your records. If you have established a pecking order of rico, magazines, you sent the essay about submission to one high on your list. Now simply move on my trip to puerto rico to the next one. (If you simultaneously submit, it should be in groups of magazines you think are equivalent.
You are going to have to live with the first acceptance you get.) You want to have many tiers on your list. To go straight from The Paris Review to your school literary magazine is to miss the area you most need to explore. If, while the work was away, you thought about it and essay food, saw things you really want to do to improve it, do so. Then send it to the next place you want to try. Rico? Never send it back to the rejecting editor. (Let alone sending it back unrevised. Despite apocryphal tales, editors do remember what they have seen before.) You shouldn’t have sent to them before it was ready. Lesson learned. Move on. Luckily there are loads of autobiographical essay, journals.
Do not take the rejection slip, underline words or phrases on it, and to puerto rico, send it back with a scrawled note saying: “‘Doesn’t suit your needs at this time?’ YOUR needs? Well, who cares about you and your pretentious magazine that I never liked anyway, etc., etc.” When people do this, editors post the missives in the office, to be mocked as coming from an berkeley immature writer who completely misunderstands how impersonal this is. You may set fire to rejection slips, show them proudly to your friends, use them as coasters for consolatory margaritas, but do not write anything in response. How To Respond To A Minimally Encouraging Rejection. If you get a standard rejection with something addition written on it“Sorry” or (better) “Try us again”you should rejoice. And try there again. You were in the top 5% or 2% or 1% of the my trip to puerto rico essay work rejected. Ideally, you have other work on hand to submit, but if not, do not feel you must act instantly. Thesis? Let’s say you have a year.
When you do send to this journal, start your cover letter with, “Thank you for your encouraging note about my story ‘G.’ As you suggested, I am trying you again with the enclosed story, ‘H.’” Then go on as usual. Don’t describe G to remind them! Don’t talk about what you have since done to G! This cover letter, which reminds them they liked you before, may let “H” get flagged as one to my trip to puerto essay, look at a bit more carefully. How To Respond To A Longer, More Personal Rejection. If you get anything longera signed note, a letteragain, rejoice. You have come very close. Yet this does not mean the accomplishment editor wants to my trip to puerto essay, see a revision.
The editor wants to help you understand why you are close, or promising, but not there. Unless the editor specifically says, “Please do this and autobiographical essay prompts, send me the revision,” the to puerto rico response called for is to send something else, ideally after having considered the something else in about food, the light of the my trip qualities the editor has described as good and what was lacking in the old one. Your cover letter should begin by thanking the editor for taking the berkeley university time to write a personal letter. You may say it was helpful. My Trip? But don’t go into the issues it raised. Unfortunately, and paradoxically, the berkeley university more an editor writes in a letter, the more likely there is to my trip to puerto rico essay, be some phrase that burns the personal scholarship writer’s sensitive soul.
It’s still a rejection and may contain detailed criticism. You need to my trip essay, be strong, stay calm, and understand that the play essay editor has taken trouble for my trip essay you. You are not to rebut the letter, nor to essay prompts, go off hurt. You need to try this editor again. (I confess, I once got a note that said a story of mine “had its moments,” but that the topic was one the editor saw too often. I was very young and never tried him again. I now know this was foolish and self-defeating. The topic was common, the magazine a top one, and an editor’s bluntness is to puerto rico essay, valuable.) One of my friends once showed me a file of over 20 itemsrejection slips, rejection slips with words on them, short notes, and long notes that he’d received from one editor before he got a poem accepted by girl thesis him. The collection showed how steadily and my trip, patiently he conducted himself in this process.
He learned about the editor’s views along the about my favorite food way, and to puerto rico essay, the editor may have learned to read his poetry better (certainly more slowly and attentively), too. And what about the item that got the editor’s note? Be encouraged (it was good enough to get an editor’s time and thought) and send it elsewhere. Of course if the editor’s comments make sense to you, you may revise before you send on. But, revised or not, send it to the next place on your list, something close to essay, the rejecting one, perhaps. My story that had its moments was published by the next journal I sent it to. My friend’s poems were published. What happens is that a piece of work finds its level, and my trip essay, then, with new work, you keep trying to move up. There is also some transformation that happens when a piece is published: it is about, read differently. Rico? I heard once from an editor who had rejected a story of mine, with a long note, and then, since editors read magazines, saw it in writing personal essays for college, the journal that took it soon after. He liked what I’d done with it, he said.
I hadn’t changed more than a few words. I’d just found a better magazine for that particular story, and their typesetting, the work around it, the glow of essay, approval, made it look different to him. When you get an acceptance, you should be in a position to say, immediately, “Thank you, I’m delighted,” and then you should notify any other journal that has the berkeley phd thesis work under consideration. (It is not possible to hold up the my trip accepting editor while you see if maybe The New Yorker will take it. This is why you should only simultaneously submit to magazines you think of as equivalent. First responder wins.) If you have simultaneously submitted and university phd thesis, already been accepted elsewhere and not notified the journal, you have not only wasted their time, but you may have caused someone else’s work to be bumped while they chose you. No, you cannot now write and say, “Oops, how about essay, if I send you this other thing instead.” You have to accomplishment scholarship, apologize, say you screwed up, and to puerto, if I were you I’d wait a little while before I sent there again, because they are likely to be sore. Doh To Plato Essay? So this situation is to be avoided. My Trip To Puerto? Keep records, inform editors promptly.
When your work is accepted, say, “Thank you, I’m delighted,” and send the editor anything requested: contact info., signed permission form or whatever is required. (Make and keep copies for your files.) Do not immediately send the berkeley phd thesis editors a revision! The piece accepted is what they wanted. You could say, perhaps, “I have since done another draft, in case you’d like to see it.” But they may look and prefer the original. On the to puerto rico other hand, the personal accomplishment scholarship accepting editor may ask for some changes (generally simple oneseditors get so many submissions that they can pick ones that work and not deal with ones that need extensive editing, though there are sometime exceptions). My Trip? You should not get defensive about your sacred work.
Try to listen to what you are being told and give it full consideration. Play Doh To Plato Essay? Of course if it represents something you cannot live with, you’ll have to say so, but I find that this is really extremely rare. If you get galleys, do them promptly and rico essay, only correct errors. Autobiographical Essay? You cannot now rewrite. (Which again goes to show that you should really have done your revising before you send out.) Make sure the editor has your up-to-date information if you move or change email address. How To Greet The Issue Your Work Is In.
Read the magazine (not just your own piece!) and send the editor a thank you note that remarks on the issue, whether the essay look, the cover, or some other work in it. Email is fine, but a real letter is more memorable. Do not, as one person did, upon doh to essay, receiving her copies of an my trip essay issue I edited, write a note saying, “Why wasn’t mine the doh to first story in the magazine? Mine was better than Q’s.” This revealed the seething ego of the writer and my trip to puerto essay, her failure to writing personal essays for college, understand the many factors that go into ordering a magazine, including wanting a piece that is catchy or short or that sets a tone or theme up front. Layout is full of many decisions invisible to the author. Ask, if you haven’t been told, whether it will be possible to order some copies (if it’s a print publication) with author discount, and if so, order them. What, pay for copies? Yes, and give them away: just a couple of copies will help the magazine and help you. To Puerto Rico Essay? Send them to you former teachers or friends who have read your work, thanking them. Whether the journal is print or digital, use whatever platform you may have to announce the publication and link to the magazine. Prompts? At this point, your interest and the editor’s overlap: you both want the magazine to be seen, enjoyed, and respected.
Start listing the my trip rico essay magazine in personal essay, your bio, as you go on my trip rico to submit and publish elsewhere. Try editing. Volunteer to read submissions for a magazine near you (or, with web journals, far away). Start a little magazine or a one-time anthology with some friends. Seeing how much is university phd thesis, sent when it is not ready and how a single work reads amid a mass of my trip to puerto, submissions will teach you a lot. You may not enjoy it or you may get hooked. But once you have been an berkeley editor, you understand their arduous devotion.
Lynne Barrett is the author of the story collections The Secret Names of Women, The Land of Go , and, most recently, Magpies , winner of The Florida Book Award for Fiction. Recent work appears in rico, Delta Blues, One Year to doh to, a Writing Life, Miami Noir, Saw Palm, The Written Wardrobe, The Southern Women's Review , and many other anthologies and magazines. My Trip To Puerto Rico? She is founding editor of Gulf Stream Magazine , co-edited the anthology Birth: A Literary Companion , and is currently editor of The Florida Book Review .
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Analysis of linguistic toolkits in Bleak House by Charles Dickens. My Trip Essay? Bleak House is a twin narrative. It faces in two directions (past and present); it incorporates two worlds (private and public); and it is told in two voices, one of which is serious, often pained, or realistic, the other parodic, playful, and deliberately artificial. Their mixture produces uncanny and undecidable effects. Bleak House, the orphan#8217;s vacant space stands for plato, Nemo and, more, for the nameless metonym and countless metonyms that are put in place of the (paternal) metaphor or the name of the my trip rico essay, Father, the original of whom seems to be Hawdon. This orphan chronicle #8220;exposes incoherences, omissions, absences and transgressions which in turn reveal the inability of the language of ideology to create coherence.
The orphan narrative of Bleak House, Dickens#8217;s comic practice perverts turns aside and subverts his critical program. Need essay sample on Analysis of linguistic toolkits in accomplishment scholarship essay Bleak House by Charles Dickens ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. The quantitatively largest category of lexical items which contextually point to to puerto rico essay, the #8216;original#8217; speaker or his or her consciousness are quite evident. Doh To? Frequently there is little evidence for such an alignment except in the reader#8217;s stylistic perspicacity. Such cases are usually discussed in to puerto essay terms of #8216;stylistic deviation from the autobiographical prompts, norm#8217;. When free indirect discourse evokes a character#8217;s #8216;voice#8217;, the my trip to puerto, idiomaticity of the phrasing, the more colloquial (or more learned) tone (as the case may be), the too enthusiastic or too sceptical evaluation of the matter in hand-all these may hint at the other-directedness of the essay prompts, linguistic representation. The story#8217;s heroine, Esther Summerson, shares the my trip to puerto, narration of about my favorite food, Bleak House with an omniscient narrator. Whereas her perspective is restrospective, considered, and compassionate (though sometimes quite sharp), his is highly rhetorical, witty, satiric, and immediate, told in the present tense. The omniscient narrator#8217;s impassioned language incites us to rico, outrage at the world#8217;s wrongs; Esther, in sharp contrast, provides a moral lens on characters and writing essays events, and shows us how to live with Christian responsibility in an imperfect world.
The book#8217;s plot hinges on to puerto rico essay the Chancery case of Jarndyce and who wrote Jarndyce, the complications and costs of which make it a standing joke within the legal profession. Ada Clare and Richard Carstone, wards of Chancery, go to live in Bleak House, home of to puerto essay, John Jarndyce, who refuses any involvement in the ruinous suit. Esther accompanies them as a comparison for Ada, chosen by Mr Jarndyce. They pay a visit on the way to the philanthropist Mrs Jellyby, who neglects her family while devoting herself entirely to foreign charity. Meanwhile, at Sir Leicester Dedlock#8217;s county estate, Chesney Wold, Lady Dedlock faints on seeing handwriting on a legal document.
His interest roused, the family lawyer Tulkinghorn seeks out the scribe, known only as #8216;Nemo#8217;, and finds him dead in squalor of an opium overdose. Accomplishment? The waif Jo shows a veiled lady Nemo#8217;s haunts in my trip rico essay London; moved on by the police, Jo flees to Bleak House, where he infects first Esther#8217;s maid, then Esther herself, with smallpox. The hypocritical Harold Skimpole betrays Jo to Inspector Bucket. Language in Bleak House. The domain of Bleak House ‘s parody is, to at duke, be sure, a large and varied one so much so, that we inevitably come across texts that are not centrally parodic, in terms of a clearly definable model, but which wear a parodic aura, and are full of echoes of to puerto rico essay, half-remembered writings. They might be called pseudoparodies. Here is an berkeley university phd thesis example of pseudoparody as an illustration of some rhetorical techniques:
Fog everywhere. Fog up the rico, river, where it flows among green aits and meadows; fog down the river, where it rolls defiled among the tiers of shipping, and the waterside pollutions of a great (and dirty) city. Fog on the Essex Marshes, fog on the Kentish heights. University? Fog creeping into the. cabooses of collier-brigs; fog lying out on the yards, and hovering in my trip rico essay the rigging of personal accomplishment, great ships; fog drooping on the gunwales of barges and small boats. Fog in the eyes and rico throats of ancient Greenwich pensioners, wheezing by the firesides of their wards; fog in the stem and bowl of the afternoon pipe of the wrathful skipper, down in his close cabin; fog cruelly pinching the toes and fingers of his shivering little #8216;prentice boy on deck. Chance people on the bridges peeping over the parapets into accomplishment essay, a nether sky of my trip, fog, with fog all round them, as if they were up in a balloon, and hanging in the misty clouds.
There is essay prompts no conscious modelling of one passage on the other; but there is a hazy recollection of to puerto, rhetorical procedures. We see, for instance, how the pseudoparody has picked up some linguistic features of its Dickensian original, eg the rarity of writing essays, finite verbs, and the frequency of participle clauses and my trip rico adverbial constructions. These echoes suggest that a powerfully or idiosyncratically written passage, like the splendid opening of Bleak House, can lodge in a reader#8217;s mind a stylistic record for later reference. Phd Thesis? This is one of the ways in which a literary language is created. The devices of some pattern-giving example are registered, as an ingenious mechanism of style; subsequent recollection #8212; the pseudoparodic echo #8212; turns the apparatus to my trip to puerto, other uses. There are cases of #8216;intertextuality#8217; in which one text recalls another with commentary slyness; in other instances the sense of recollection is vaguer, and the writer appears to be imitating, in general, the kind of rhetoric appropriate to a convention. Comparison of essay, Bleak House with contemprory Novels.
All of my trip to puerto rico, Dickens#8217;s most memorable characters define themselves through their speech and a distinctive private language. Essays For College? This method proves well suited to to puerto rico, entertaining; it also serves as an effective way to distinguish one person from play plato, another in the crowded, panoramic novels typical of Dickens#8217;s fiction. Earliest among Dickens#8217;s favourite devices is the speech tag, a particular exclamation, word, or expression made the sole property of a single character. Linguistic eccentricity at this level ranges from Miss Knag#8217;s dry #8216;hem#8217;, hangman Dennis#8217;s macabre wish #8216;to work people off#8217;, and Mark Tapley#8217;s repeated efforts to #8216;be jolly. The same device also appears in later novels ( Wemmick#8217;s #8216;portable property#8217; and Joe Gargery#8217;s #8216;old chap#8217; and #8216;I say, you know! Pip#8217; in Great Expectations) and in my trip rico essay a more extended and sophisticated form. Take the opening chapter of the university phd thesis, second half of Little Dorrit, when eight characters arrive at the convent of the Great Saint Bernard.
Dickens carefully avoids calling any one of them by rico name; he has no need to because the essay my favorite, individualizing and typifying language-features of each are already familiar to the reader. Steven Connor#8217;s excellent deconstructionist reading of Bleak House (in his Charles Dickens, 1985) explores precisely the great length of Dickens#8217;s text, and to puerto the paradoxical. Berkeley? mistrust of great length of written language evinced by the novelembodied chiefly in my trip rico the endless production of text by Chancery, all the legal documentation that is productive, ultimately, of about my favorite, nothing. Connor also explores the way the novel sets up the binary opposition between written and spoken language, only to my trip to puerto, problematize it. Derrida Of Grammatology (trans. Gayatri Spivak, 1978) explores precisely this supposed opposition between speech and writing, and identifies what it calls #8216;logocentrism#8217;, the abiding sense that the spoken is somehow superior to the written (more immediate, more authentic, and so on). This hierarchical binary structure is then subjected to analysis that destabilizes it. It is not that deconstructionists set out to show that Dickens is somehow muddled or self contradictory; all texts, to one degree or another, function in this manner, presenting a vision that purports unity whilst elaborating subtexts at odds with the surface meanings. Doh To? Dickens#8217;s texts are so appealing to this school of my trip to puerto essay, thought partly because they are so multifarious, the proliferation of signification is so proudly displayed, the writing plays so joyously with the slipperiness of meanings. The novels are also peculiarly aware of their own textuality; they all in who wrote various ways express the potency of storytelling in making sense, albeit contingent sense, of the world.
The most obvious distinction between types of narrator is whether they are third person or first person. A third person will use the pronouns #8216;he, she, it#8217; or #8216;they#8217; and a first person narrative will largely use the pronouns #8216;I#8217; and #8216;we#8217;. Examples of each method of narration can be shown using short extracts from Charles Dickens#8217;s novel Bleak House which has a double narrative, one part in the third person and the other narrated by a young woman, Esther Summerson. Early in the novel we are given a description of Sir Leicester Deadlock, with the narrative in the third person. “Sir Leicester is twenty years, full measure, older than my Lady. He will never see sixty-five again, nor perhaps sixty-six, nor yet sixty-seven. He has a twist of the gout now and then, and walks a little stiffly. He is of a worthy presence, with his light grey hair and essay whiskers, his fine shirt-frill, his pure white waistcoat, and his blue coat with bright buttons always buttoned. Essay? He is ceremonious, stately, most polite on every occasion to my trip, my Lady, and holds her personal attractions in essay my favorite the highest estimation. His gallantry to my Lady, which has never changed since he courted her, is the one little touch of romantic fancy in him”. The first person narrative of Esther Summerson begins: I have a great deal of difficulty in beginning to write my portion of these pages, for I know I am not clever. I always knew that.
I used to say to to puerto rico, my doll, when we were alone together, #8216;Now Dolly, I am not clever, you know very well, and you must be patient with me, like a dear!#8217; In the very simplest of terms, we can see the difference established in autobiographical prompts the narratives by my trip to puerto rico the use of the pronouns #8216;him#8217;/#8217;his#8217; in the first extract and in the pronoun #8216;I#8217; in the second. This means that the narrator in the first extract is an observer outside the action of the novel, whereas the narrator in the second extract is somehow involved inside what is to follow. Although useful as starting points, though, these distinctions are very general. Further questions need to be asked about the plato essay, narrators. We have already noted above that one aspect of narrative involves the idea of knowledge, of how much the narrator knows at any given time. How much knowledge the narrator has needs to be worked out by the reader, although clearly the narrator must know something, or there would be no story to tell at all. Although working out the amount of knowledge shown by essay the narrator will usually require reading more than a short extract, the berkeley phd thesis, examples above from Dickens already give us considerable clues.
The third person narrator knows a lot about my trip rico essay this man externally, and implies a lot about essay my favorite him as character too. The reader can work out his age, that he has grey hair, how he dresses and so on. We also might guess from the name that he has been given that he is a man set in his ways. We learn that he is stately and polite to my trip to puerto rico essay, his wife, although as readers we may wonder if these are very romantic ways to treat a partner. Our doubts about Sir Leicester are increased by the final sentence. If this is all he can manage in terms of #8216;romantic fancy#8217;, then he is berkeley university phd thesis probably a very unimaginative man. From the evidence of this short extract we can say that the narrator knows quite a bit about this man in terms of his external appearance, which is rico essay stated directly, and also about internal aspects of his thought and behaviour, which is personal essays implied. A first person narrative is inevitably limited in its knowledge by definition a person who is in the action of the story can only know about what they see, do, and are told about, and how they personally react to events. The narrator here does not describe herself in an external way but she does give some clues as to how she sees herself as a person.
In other words her knowledge, as shown here, is internal rather than external. The first person narrator, though, seems less reliable. She even tells us to doubt her right at the start, suggesting that she has not the skill to tell her part of the story well. Conversely, though, her very protestations of inadequacy may suggest to the reader that she is honest, that she will do her best to tell the truth. A further issue here involves a question of context: whereas in my trip Dickens#8217;s time a typical young woman may have protested her unworthiness and talked to her doll, in autobiographical modern times we expect our women to be a bit more dynamic. This could mean that while Dickens intends us to have faith in this narrator, as modern readers we are less inclined to do so. Through the 1850s and 1860s, partly under the influence of Dickens#8217;s huge success, the myriad subgenres of previous fiction coalesced into broader categories. My Trip To Puerto? Religious problem novels (such as Newman#8217;s Loss and Gain, 1848), historical fiction, Detective Fiction (particularly the work of Wilkie Collins) and social problem novels were all popular. Dickens was never drawn to religious topics, and his historical novels ( Barnaby Rudge and A Tale of Two Cities) are occasional forays into the field rather than concerted attempts to accomplishment, write in that genre. But detective fiction influenced several later novels ( Bleak House, Our Mutual Friend, and Edwin Drood), and in to puerto a sense Dickens had always been a #8216;social problem#8217; novelist, with later works such as Hard Times merely the development of essay my favorite, his earlier concern at specific social ills.
Something different is seen in works such as Elizabeth Gaskell Mary Barton ( 1848) and North and my trip to puerto South ( 1855) or Disraeli Sybil ( 1845), which are more properly termed #8216;Condition of England novels#8217;, insofar as they attempt, however crudely, to view the problems of England systemically instead of as a matter of girl thesis, individual abuses. My Trip To Puerto Rico Essay? Dickens#8217;s late novels, and particularly Bleak House and Little Dorrit, pick up on this impulse, and attempt to conceive of personal essays, social ills as a network of interrelations and issues, rather than the doings of a few evil individuals. But having identified a few dominant genres during this period, it has to be said that placing Dickens aesthetically amongst his fellow novelists is a less than satisfying business. My Trip To Puerto Essay? There seem to be very few vectors of influence from other writers to Dickens#8217;s work. Partly this is because Dickens was so unique, a fact recognized at the time (for instance, in his nickname the #8216;inimitable#8217;). There are many places where Dickens drew in one form or another from the university, fiction of his contemporaries, but the itemization of my trip, these borrowings does little actually to contextualize Dickens#8217;s output. Writing Personal Essays? For one thing, the novelists he was most likely to be influenced by are not those from the 19th-century who have been canonized as classics. My Trip To Puerto? There are, for instance, very few female novelists whose fiction impinges on Dickens. Charlotte Bronte and her sisters failed to impress him: a memoir of his conversation at Gad#8217;s Hill towards the end of his life records him as saying that he #8216;had not read Jane Eyre and said he never would as he disapproved of the whole school. He had not read Wuthering Heights#8217; (quoted in Ackroyd 1990, p. 837). His notion of the more #8216;passionate#8217; branches of Victorian fiction is brutal in its reductiveness (#8216;They met she shrieked and married him#8217;).
The more balanced, and conventionally Domestic Fiction of Mrs Gaskell was more to his taste. He highly praised Mary Barton, offered his suggestions on Ruth ( 1853), and autobiographical essay prompts serialized Cranford ( 1851-3) and essay North and South in Household Words. But his attitude to female authors was dependent upon them remaining within their appropriate (i.e. domestic) sphere. Not for scholarship essay, nothing does Bleak House contain a satire upon the movement for female. There were several male Victorian novelists, now considered to be somewhat of the second rank, whose influence upon Dickens is my trip more palpable. One is Edward Bulwer-Lytton, whose novels are now unread but who was popular enough in his own day. Critics have discerned the essay, influence of Lytton Newgate novel Paul Clifford ( 1830) upon Oliver Twist, of Night and Morning ( 1841) upon Bleak House, and of the Gothic-magical Zanoni ( 1842), set partly in to puerto the French Revolution, upon A Tale of Two Cities. Dickens thought highly enough of Bulwer-Lytton#8217;s judgement to follow his advice and change the ending he had originally planned for Great Expectations. Accomplishment Scholarship? On the other hand, it is essay difficult to establish any pattern of influence from Bulwer to Dickens more substantial than the occasional plot device or character-quirk. Stylistic devices in Bleak House. The language of the Bible and the Book Of Common Prayer, as well as, of course, Bunyan#8217;s Pilgrim#8217;s Progress, were so deeply impressed upon his cultureand upon the always-responsive ear of Dickensthat religious references come thick and fast even in contexts that seem hardly to personal essays, put religion at my trip to puerto, issue.
In giving a chapter of Bleak House the title #8220;#8216;Our Dear Brother'#8221; (11), for example, Dickens draws on a phrase out of the funeral service that all his readers would readily recognize, and who wrote thesis at duke thereby simply announces that a burial is going to take place without calling up any specifically religious issuesthough he does make a moral point through a characteristically Dickensian irony: the #8216;dear brother#8217; will hardly be treated as dear or a brother at all, for my trip rico, he is to be laid to rest in a filthy and overcrowded burying ground in a noisome slum, good for nothing but spreading disease. There is thus a large body of nominally religious allusion whose function may be best described as literary. This is by no means to say that Dickens held no religious views, but rather that his frequent allusions to scripture and play essay Anglican liturgy provide no very sure guide to them. In all his writings, Dickens is outspoken in his dislike of Evangelicalism and Roman Catholicism, but, especially in his fiction, he is very reluctant to my trip rico essay, make professions of a specific faith beyond the who wrote, most general sort of Christianity. Nothing more surely aroused his suspicions about a person#8217;s religious faith than a public profession of it, and this aversion formed a fundamental feature of rico, his dislike of evangelicals and Dissenters. It is likely too that his awareness that his readers held widely differing religious viewsthat he numbered many Roman Catholics and Jews among his audience as well as AngloCatholics and every conceivable variety of Protestantprovided additional motivation for avoiding circumstances that would touch off sectarian debate, which he characterized in a letter as #8216;unseemly squabbles about the essay, letter which drive the spirit out of hundreds of thousands#8217;. Dickens#8217;s parents were Anglican, but evidently entirely uninterested in essay the dogmas of the Church of England and probably not very regular in their worship. As a small boy in Chatham Dickens seems to have attended services at a nearby Baptist chapel.
There is little positive evidence about writing essays for college Dickens#8217;s religious thinking throughout the 1820s and to puerto 1830s, but it is in the latter decade, a period of significant reform in England. It is evident at the time of plato, his first American trip in 1842 that he was hopeful of finding in the United States political and religious institutions more progressive and to puerto essay effective than Parliament and the Church of England. At the time he looked enthusiastically to the new nation#8217;s ideals of who wrote thesis, liberty and equality as promoting a future that might reward merit and free itself of ancient and hidebound class prejudices. He was, moreover, certainly attracted by the separation of church and state in the United States, and while he was soon to be profoundly disappointed in American politics, he was very taken at least by the UNITARIAN circle that he encountered in Boston. Indeed, his interest in Unitarianism was virtually the only enthusiasm he managed to bring back with him undamaged at the end of the trip, and it survived for at least a year or two and possibly as many as five. Characters language refer to their behaviour. Ultimately, the my trip essay, confusion of figures is more than an amusing coincidence, though. Essay About My Favorite? Its serious and presumably real consequence is that the lateral displacements of Chadband into anonym (and the reverse) subvert the potential for social criticism and my trip rico essay the correction of real(ly) grave conditions in the name of the pleasurably perverse doublet that the berkeley, copy-writer returns (to) in excess. #8220;The Skimpole#8221; operates similarly.
But, as is proper to a situation in the I#8217;s narrative, Skimpole works directly through substantive as opposed to stylistic (d)effects. His disturbing duplication of my trip to puerto rico essay, Esther#8217;s providential perspective has already caught our attention, and one further repetition is my favorite worth note, as it shakes up the my trip to puerto rico essay, established Ideal or promotes unsettling results. Like the #8220;little#8221; Esther, the #8220;childe#8221; Harold too longs for girl thesis at duke, an idyllic estate that is my trip rico remote from #8220;sordid realities,#8221; as Bleak House is, and he visualizes an atemporal paradise of #8220;perpetual summer. Age or change should never wither it#8221; ( 68 ; ch. 6). It is significant that Harold#8217;s portrait precedes, if not allusions to the threat of about my favorite food, change, which are present from I#8217;s traumatic beginning, then at least her more fully realized representation of constancy. When we read I#8217;s version, then, we cannot help but recall that the Skimpole said it first and that he said so in response to Ada as well. Our recollection makes for a misdeal in an Ideal who sincerely copies a dilettante#8217;s defects.
And the copy-writing ends/originates nowhere. But Mr. Rico? Quale is #8220;always repeating Mrs. Jellyby#8217;s answer to us like an essay interpreter#8221; ( 41 ; ch. 4). Her answer is evidently another#8217;s answer, or piece of philanthropic copy, while his #8220;mission [is] to be in ecstasies with everybody else#8217;s mission, . To Puerto Rico Essay? . . that . . . was the most popular mission of all#8221; ( 183 ; ch. Personal? 15). In the meantime, Lawrence Boythorn (the little phallus) goes about reconstructing spurious genealogies of fathers and sons ( 106 -7; ch.
9 and 220 ; ch. 18). #8220;The Boythorn#8217;s#8221; figures are perversely reminiscent of those in the Dedlock portrait gallery and the next intentionally so: #8220;That fellow is, and his father was, and his grandfather was, the to puerto rico, most stiff-necked, arrogant imbecile, pigheaded numskull . . . born in scholarship any station of life but a walking stick#8217;s#8221; ( 108 -9; ch. 9). Mr. Badger is an my trip to puerto rico other copy, the doh to, Mrs#8217; #8220;third.#8221; Badger takes the place of Swosser and to puerto rico essay Dingo, whom he repeats authoritatively/for authority in speech or letters and whom he presumably doubles, deferentially, in comic Oedipal bed. Copying also replaces the I, among other sites, and without danger of confusion, in the book#8217;s second #8220;celebrated#8221; #8220;little body#8221;proper name of essay about, #8220;Smallweed,#8221; nicknames of #8220;Small,#8221; #8220;Chickweed,#8221; #8220;Bart,#8221; and the like.
Coincidently, Small #8220;himself#8221; is a copy of the copy (clerk) Guppy. #8220;He dresses at that gentleman (by whom he is patronized), talks at him, walks at him, founds himself entirely on him#8221; ( 245 ; ch. 20). And Guppy, this #8220;little fish,#8221; he is #8220;just the same.#8221; When Esther#8217;s clerk is not copy-writing law or copying lawyers, he is miming the romantics, that is when he is not confounding all #8220;three of #8217;em.#8221; In his #8220;literary#8221; ventures, Guppy duplicates #8220;the other one.#8221; Here, I have in mind the anonym who indiscriminately copies high art, including segments of Macbeth (136; ch. 11 and 364; ch. 29); Hamlet (392; ch. My Trip To Puerto Essay? 32 and prompts 503; ch. 40); and Paradise Lost (76; ch. 7) together with pop art: nursery rhymes, snatches of contemporary songs, ballads, and such. But Guppy also imitates the Ideal who copies and is a copy of Victorian kitsch. This dead metaphor is another name for the bit part or metonym, which has elsewhere been entitled #8220;the angel in the house.#8221; The law clerk Guppy, rejected as a suitor by Esther, seeks independently to unravel the my trip rico, mystery, but on university phd thesis the night appointed to meet Nemo#8217;s landlord, Krook, is horrified to find that he has died of spontaneous combustion.
Tulkinghorn, suspicious of to puerto essay, Lady Dedlock, blackmails Trooper George into handing over copies of Nemo#8217;s writing. It is revealed that Esther is the girl, illegitimate child of Lady Dedlock and Nemo. Jo dies at George#8217;s shooting gallery, attended by to puerto rico essay the young surgeon Allan Woodcourt. After a confrontation with Lady Dedlock, Tulkinghorn is murdered in his chambers. George is arrested for the murder, but the evidence seems to point to Lady Dedlock, who flees from personal, Bleak House. Bucket proves that her fiery French maid Hortense is the murderess.
Accompanied by Esther, he goes in search of Lady Dedlock and finds her dead at the gates of a squalid city churchyard where Nemo is buried. Trooper George is reunited with his mother, Mrs Rouncewell, the Dedlock#8217;s housekeeper. To Puerto? He refuses to work for his brother, a successful industrialist, and personal essays for college goes instead to to puerto essay, Chesney Wold to tend Sir Leicester, who succumbed to a stroke when his wife ran away. Richard, whose fecklessness is fatally increased by his placing hopes on the outcome of the Chancery case, is girl thesis at duke estranged from my trip to puerto, Jaryndyce, secretly marries Ada, and dies in despair when the doh to, Jarndyce and Jarndyce case is abandoned, all its assets consumed in court costs. Esther, having dutifully accepted an offer of marriage from Jarndyce, is given by him to her true love, Alan Woodcourt. Ada and her child are looked after by Jarndyce. To Puerto? It is difficult to decide to what degree the writing I is aware of her narrative#8217;s profitable coincidence, but it is not difficult to berkeley university, determine one of I#8217;s writing effects. That is, the exemplary #8220;young lady#8221; cannot be taken seriously (simply/Skimpoley) as genuine but must also be read as artificeand thus, the #8220;pattern#8221; for a (dis)similar line of perverts, who mimic the father in a variety of my trip essay, ways. And the trouble does not end here, in the critical portrayal of copy, but in essay its exuberant and playful returnsor rather, in between #8220;the two of them#8221;: that is, within the principle of reality and my trip rico essay the principle of pleasure on the border of sense and about my favorite nonsense. Both processes are at my trip to puerto rico essay, play in Esther#8217;s recollection of Jarndyce, whose case incorporates both Law and Father in the doublet #8220;dada.#8221; The ending of doh to plato, Bleak House is a dramatic case in point. In it, a final version of the family romance is played out between Ada and Jarndyce in such a way as to repeat Esther#8217;s original relation with the Guardian.
The repetition binds any possible anxiety, in the process keeping things (egos and their Ideal Imagoes) constant, encryptedsafe. Dickens Charles ( 1948 edn) Bleak House, New Oxford Illustrated Dick- ens, Oxford University Press: London. Jakobson Roman. #8220;Two Poles of Language and Two Types of my trip, Aphasiac Disturbance.#8221; Fundamentals of writing essays, Language. Roman Jakobson and Morris Halle . To Puerto Essay? The Hague: Mouton, 1956. Play Doh To Plato? Jardine Alice A. Gynesis: Configurations of Woman and Modernity. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1985.
Jones Ernest. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. To Puerto Rico Essay? Ed. Lionel Trilling and Steven Marcus. New York: Basic Books, 1961.
Kaplan Caren. #8220;Deterritorializations: The Rewriting of play doh to essay, Home and Exile in Western Feminist Discourse.#8221; Cultural Critique 7 (Spring 1987): 187-98. Kauffman Linda. #8220;Passion as Suffering: The Composition of Clarissa Harlowe.#8221; Discourses of essay, Desire: Gender, Genre, and Epistolary Fictions. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1986. Kennedy Valerie. #8220;Bleak House: More Trouble with Esther?#8221; Journal of Women#8217;s Studies in Literature I ( 1979): 330-47.
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My Experiences from My Trip to Puerto Rico | Kibin
essay marking tips How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of writing you'll meet on my trip rico, your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. Thesis At Duke. It will show you how to construct an to puerto essay effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear?
W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the who wrote, whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to be an easy task, even for essay the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to girl who wrote thesis at duke gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to my trip to puerto feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer.
You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is berkeley, no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts.
But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of your response to the essay question. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . My Trip Rico Essay. If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next.
the remainder of the prompts, essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the my trip to puerto essay, author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the play plato, author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay?
Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of essay, readings of the essay, text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of rico essay, Mercutio and Tybalt and about my favorite an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of my trip to puerto essay, this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is accomplishment essay, your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. My Trip Rico. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title.
There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and who wrote at duke why you have come to to puerto think in play doh to plato essay this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is my trip to puerto, because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is berkeley, that when it's done and to puerto rico essay done well, the prompts, remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for to puerto essay an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction.
Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. University Phd Thesis. This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of my trip rico essay, any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the thesis, writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of to puerto rico essay, their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on personal, the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to my trip rico essay avoid waffle and writing for college generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the essay. It is a series of essay, paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and autobiographical essay prompts which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is rico, clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . University. If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is my trip to puerto, where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the personal essay, wider implications and relevance of rico, what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the doh to essay, quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and rico essay flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for at duke aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the my trip, essay's points.
Each point and supporting quotation needs to about food be followed by my trip essay, an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. Thesis At Duke. ( point quotation comment ) system. My Trip Rico. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to for college make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. My Trip. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')?
Why was this method used (i.e. Berkeley Phd Thesis. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. My Trip To Puerto. 'At this point on autobiographical, the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in my trip to puerto rico such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on doh to essay, track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to rico it - the who wrote at duke, main idea upon which you will then base the my trip essay, remainder of your essay . Here is an example of essay prompts, a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question:
The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of my trip essay, its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is called the body paragraphs of who wrote thesis, your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the my trip rico essay, play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the autobiographical essay prompts, theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and my trip to puerto essay so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for personal essays writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the to puerto, text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and about my favorite the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the my trip rico, opening of autobiographical, John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by my trip to puerto rico, Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and writing for college 'shapeless' Lennie.
Here is a similarly embedded quotation from rico, J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an autobiographical important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to my trip to puerto essay 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of doh to essay, effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the to puerto essay, text on which the essay is based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. Who Wrote. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't!
I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it.
In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and essay why the author has created an for college effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of my trip to puerto essay, style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to my favorite food try to use at my trip rico essay, least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at essay, the point it occurs and to puerto as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for play doh to plato essay your point of my trip rico, view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the university, essay: an interpretation that must supports the my trip to puerto rico essay, overall thesis statement.
2. Personal Essays. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and my trip to puerto essay quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of play doh to, your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of to puerto rico essay, your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the personal accomplishment scholarship, essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay.
This opening paragraph will then act to to puerto rico show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to writing personal answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to rico write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the personal accomplishment scholarship, ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the my trip, text in play the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an rico overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is who wrote, always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations.
Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of my trip to puerto, his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and berkeley university literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by my trip to puerto rico essay, merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author.
Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to play doh to plato your essay. 4. Rico Essay. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the play, 'body' of the essay, essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on essay about my favorite, and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on rico, this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the about, use of to puerto essay, quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of doh to, each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of rico essay, language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the writing, audience and my trip rico b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the university, text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the to puerto rico, text;
CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to writing essays for college show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to my trip provide support for each of the my favorite food, points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to my trip to puerto rico describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks.
In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the personal essays, text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of my trip to puerto essay, P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by doh to plato essay, discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the my trip rico essay, end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writing personal essays for college, writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY.
The conclusion to my trip rico an essay is important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the berkeley phd thesis, main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from my trip rico essay, each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by writing essays, identifying some of the my trip, wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to about my favorite food sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all.
ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an rico example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity. Berkeley. These words set up a powerful contrast to to puerto what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY.
FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the essays for college, fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by my trip to puerto essay, the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of phd thesis, form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. My Trip To Puerto Essay. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of personal, form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example).
The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is to puerto rico, also an effective use of form, as is the accomplishment scholarship, use of my trip to puerto essay, underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of accomplishment, form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by my trip to puerto rico, using layout and girl who wrote thesis appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. To Puerto Essay. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of play doh to plato, form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from my trip rico essay, what you see happening on the stage - the staging and berkeley stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay.
Form is my trip to puerto rico essay, always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of berkeley university phd thesis, darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and to puerto rico interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is autobiographical prompts, called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of my trip rico, meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the personal accomplishment, darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to to puerto rico be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is essay, another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way.
Punning works because some words, in my trip to puerto a certain context, can have an writing ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. My Trip To Puerto. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of play essay, language. But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of my trip to puerto rico, meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. Writing. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and to puerto essay satisfaction in unpicking the girl who wrote, various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of my trip rico, voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. Doh To Plato Essay. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. It is my trip to puerto essay, a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is personal accomplishment scholarship, taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'.
This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an my trip to puerto expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to essay about food buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in to puerto essay an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of personal, a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to rico achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and food William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on my trip rico, what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of accomplishment essay, a writer's language, you are commenting on my trip, the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to plato essay write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in to puerto this kind of essay.
When writing about doh to plato more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the rico essay, big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the scholarship, techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and to puerto rico essay contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to university phd thesis the point. This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.