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BTS installation commissioning engineer : Resume CV. Name : Kailash Chandra Bag. Email : kailashbag.4u AT gmail.com. To pursue a challenging career in the field of history essay TELECOMMUNICATION as well as seeking a QUALITY ENVIRONMENT where my skills can be shared, enriched and placed to their best use. Having work experience of 1 year in the field of telecom as a “BTS Engineer” “RF Engineer” Previous Employer Details :- 1- Working experience of 9 months (June’10 to february’11), as a “Trainee-Team Member in robert, TVS-ICS”, Bangalore. Essay! Working experience in the job profile of “BTS Engineer” in the following areas :- * RFI Survey, RF Survey, TND/LOS Survey, EMF Test. * BTS Installation- HUAWEI(BTS-3900 WCDMA, BTS-3012)- 3G[Node B] 2G. * BTS Installation- NORTEL BTS, MOTOROLA BTS.
* Site Integration----BSNL 2G 3G[Node B](HUAWEI BTS). * Microwave Link(HUAWEI), NEC Link- Installation Commissioning. *MOTOROLA redeployment site,------Installation, VSWR Power meaurement. * Acceptance Test(AT)------ BSNL_3G[Node B] BSNL_2G(HUAWEI BTS MOTOROLA BTS NORTEL BTS). * Maintenance of sites regarding alarms operation, VSWR measurement rectificaion, power measurement, also leading sub teams for installation microwave links. * Worked on the project of BSNL 2G 3G, i.e. from RF survey to mla formal RFI survey to Installation to AT. Projects handled :- BSNL 2G 3G installation, comissioning, integration, AT. History! Aircel 2G installation, integration. Uninor 2G installation, integration. Boone Research! Software tools :- LMT DBS3900 WCDMA V200R010C01SPC300. Site Maintenance Terminal System, Huawei.
Currently working at “Integrated Wireless Solutions” as a “RF Engineer”, Bangalore(from february 2011 till date), in the following areas :- *Drive Test_ Route drive, cluster drive, city drive, SSV. *Site Audit Optimization. *GSM network optimization planning. Introduction Essay! * Optimization Engineer for essay Aircel, Tata Docomo, Vodafone, Idea Project. *2G Drive test and Optimization engineer for Vodafone, Tata Docomo, Aircel, Idea. * Worked as a GSM R F Engineer all over the Karnataka for the Project of Aircel. Essay! *3G ICR testing for Tata Docomo; Ping tests, FTP server website tests, Trace route tests, Venture log tool tests. *Software migration Drive Test. *MP3-MP5 upgradation Drive Test. Medical Essay! *PAPU migration Drive Test. *Paging coordination Drive Test. *Drive test for essay card addition. *Comparative Drive Test. *NSEI Shifting Drive Test. *SACFA Drive Test. *PCU Addition Drive Test. Projects handled :- Aircel 2G 3G-site audit, optimization, Drive test. Idea 2G 3G-site audit, optimization, Drive test.
Tata Docomo 2G 3G-site audit, optimization, Drive test. Vodafone 2G 3G-site audit, optimization, Drive test. Boone Research Paper! Drive Test Tools :- TEMS 8.0, TEMS 9, TEMS 10, GENEX v2.3- probe assistant. Optimization Tools :- MapInfo professional, Mint Tool. Transmission Tools :- Global mapper, Google Earth , R.L.Tool Pathloss. Essay! 3G ICR Test Tools :- Filezilla, Netpersecond, Venturi Timer. - Presently working as RF Optimization Engineer for daniel boone Tata Docomo. - Presently working for NSN GBDT team Drive test and Optimization engineer in Mysore cluster for Tata Docomo. - Certified course in introduction history essay, “Wireless Maintenance Technology”, in TELEMAN, Bangalore. The course deals with GSM, CDMA, Broadband, Networking Technologies other wireless technology. Topics covered during the mla formal essay, course : 1- Communication Basics- Transmission Switching. 2- Data Communication.
3- New Technologies wireline(SDH, Wimax) 4- Mobile Communication Technologies(GSM CDMA) 5- BTS Infrastructure. COURSE INSTITUTION YEAR PERCENTAGE BOARD : 10th V.S.Vidyalaya(Sunabeda), Odisha 2003 64.8 CBSE. 12th V.S.Vidyalaya(Sunabeda), Odisha 2005 52.8 CBSE. Essay! (Electronics Communication Engineering) Sanjay Institute of Engineering Management(Mathura), U.P. 2010 62.8 UPTU. - Good knowledge of original operating systems; windows XP,2000,windows-7,vista. - Good knowledge on MS-Word, MS-Powerpoint. - A Team player/ member, with strong leadership skills. - Active, responsible and introduction hard working individual. Daniel Boone Research! - Given Technical paper presentation on “Microprocessor”. - Confidently face all the challenges of my life and do not believe to step back. - Ability to deal with people diplomatically. - Mentally strong and can take a lot of stress. Area of interest : - Knowing solving some software problems of computer. History Essay! - Interested in group works projects by essay for a leading the group. - Craze to do something new different gathering facts on latest technologies. Organization Project Name Duration Training done during the semester. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited,Sunabeda(Odisha) Project Report on Electronics 30 days 4th. “Remote controlled vehicle by mobile”. Introduction! “Charging of mobile phone battery using microwaves/radiowaves”. Robert Dissertation! Playing basket ball, surfing net, acting, dancing, reading magazines related to introduction essay latest technologies. I, hereby certify that the details furnished above are true to the best of my knowledge and belief.
DATE: [KAILASH CHANDRA BAG] E-mail ID : vaidyamangesh022 AT yahoo.com. To seek a challenging career in an organisation and constantly upgrade my knowledge skill. to medical student enhance my performance my value to an organization. Introduction Essay! B.E. (Electronics and Telecommunication Engg.) May 2011 Sem 7. 446/800 Sem 8 Not yet appeared Ramrao Adik Institute of teaching writing a research Technology , Mumbai University Aggregate Percentage55% T. E.(Electronics and TelecommunicationEngg.) May 2010 Sem 5 497/850 Sem 6 522/850 Ramrao Adik Institute of introduction essay Technology , Mumbai University. S. E.(Electronics and TelecommunicationEngg.) Dec 2008 Sem 3 398/725 Sem 4 433/850 Ramrao Adik Institute of plan teaching paper Technology , Mumbai University. F.E.(Electronics and TelecommunicationEngg.) Dec 2008 Sem 1 289/600 Sem 2 353/700 Ramrao Adik Institute of Technology , Mumbai University.
Class XII Feb 2006 Jai Hind Senior College,Nashik(Maharashtra State Board) 67.5% Class X March 2004 I.E.H.S., Aurangabad(Maharashtra State Board) 81.06% - Soft Skills Training Program,from 1st October to 5th October . - Currently undergoing project on introduction, “Hotel Management” in ovetz, 2010-11. - Project on “Binary to Gray code converter” in introduction history, 2009-10. Ovetz Dissertation! - Project on history, “OPAMP as a subtractor” in 2009-10. - Won the bronze medal at state level in Taekwondo. - Won in cricket at essay taluka level and was selected for district level. - Won a third prize in group dance at Beed festival. - Driving and essay Travelling. - House captain in mla formal essay, class 10th and Monitor. - Art of living basic course. Copyright 2017 vBulletin Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Hist213 - Writing Good History Essays - Lancaster University
namiss resume forms This is the best way to manage and repair your business reputation. Introduction History. Hiding negative complaints is only a Band-Aid. Consumers want to see how a business took care of medical, business. All business will get complaints. History Essay. How those businesses take care of essay, those complaints is what separates good businesses from the rest. Consumers love to introduction history do business with someone that can admit mistakes and state how they made improvements. Corporate Advocacy Business Remediation and Customer Satisfaction Program. No! Better yet!
Arbitrate to boone set the record straight! ED Magedson – Founder. Likely in a Mall near you. FACE CREAM FRAUD? free skin cream trials. Only thing. it's NOT free! ARE YOU A VICTIM? Contact Our Team Now: 20/20 exposes the real BBB. Submitted: Fri, October 04, 2013 Updated: Mon, July 21, 2014.
National American Miss Avoid National American Miss like the plague! Elmer New Jersey. *Consumer Comment : NAMiss is a Fabulous Program . *Consumer Comment : NAM for kids who want to excel in life skills. *Consumer Comment : I believe the lady. *Author of original report : NOT MADE ABOUT OUR DAUGHTER NOT WINNING. *Consumer Comment : False Accusation.
This is the introduction history essay, best way to manage and repair your business reputation. Hiding negative complaints is only a Band-Aid. Consumers want to see how a business took care of robert dissertation, business. All business will get complaints. How those businesses take care of history essay, those complaints is what separates good businesses from the rest. Consumers love to do business with someone that can admit mistakes and state how they made improvements. Corporate Advocacy Business Remediation and Customer Satisfaction Program. Show customers why they should trust your business over your competitors.
Are you an robert ovetz dissertation, owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? Are you also a victim of the same company or individual? Want Justice? File a Rip-off Report, help other consumers to be educated and introduction history essay don't let them get away with it! A business' first. line of defense.
willing to make a. Does your business have a bad reputation? Fix it the right way. Set the record straight: My wife entered our seven year old daughter into the National American Miss (NAMISS) contest. When we were informed that our daughter was a finalist, my wife was told she needed to mla formal essay pay $240 to continue in the contest. After she paid this amount, she told me they wanted another $240.00 to continue in the competition in introduction history essay addition to paying for a four day stay (accomodations and meals) at a Hilton Hotel where the next level of competition would take place. When I researched NAM online, I read reports like: NAMISS is a scam, it is a for profit business that earns millions annually. It is unethical, profit oriented, and preys on the parents of boone research, children who believe they are entering a legitimate contest. Based on the fact that there were 63 finalists from Southern California alone, it is clear that the essay, aim for NAMISS to make money.
When this became evident, we contacted NAMISS and said that our daughter would not be competing and we wanted our $240.00 back. We were told they have a no refund policy but would give us a $220.00 credit if our daughter wanted to participate the following year. Unless parents are willing to essay for a separate peace invest thousands of dollars in this competition, they should avoid it like the plague. This report was posted on Ripoff Report on introduction essay, 10/04/2013 09:19 AM and is a permanent record located here: http://www.ripoffreport.com/reports/national-american-miss/elmer-new-jersey-08318/national-american-miss-avoid-national-american-miss-like-the-plague-elmer-new-jersey-1089430. The posting time indicated is Arizona local time. Arizona does not observe daylight savings so the unit plan writing a research paper, post time may be Mountain or Pacific depending on the time of year. Ripoff Report has an exclusive license to this report.
It may not be copied without the written permission of introduction, Ripoff Report. Mla Formal. READ: Foreign websites steal our content. If you would like to see more Rip-off Reports on this company/individual, search here: In order to assure the best results in your search: Keep the name short simple, and try different variations of the name. Do not include .com, S, Inc., Corp, or LLC at the end of the Company name. Introduction. Use only the first/main part of a name to get best results. Only search one name at a time if Company has many AKA's. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company?
Are you also a victim of the mla formal, same company or individual? Want Justice? File a Rip-off Report, help other consumers to be educated and essay don't let them get away with it! Got Reports filed against you? Resolve the issues and for a separate peace rebuild trust through our Corporate Advocacy Program.
Corporate Advocacy Program: The best way to manage and repair your business reputation. Hiding negative complaints is introduction history essay, only a Band-Aid. Consumers want to see how businesses take care of business. All businesses will get complaints. Medical Prizes Psychiatry. How those businesses take care of those complaints is introduction history essay, what separates good businesses from the rest.
No! Better yet! Arbitrate to set the for a, record straight! NAMiss is a Fabulous Program . SUBMITTED: Tuesday, August 16, 2016. POSTED: Tuesday, August 16, 2016. In February of 2016 when my 6 yr. old grand daugther was recommended to NAMiss, I was hesitant.I searched the internet, feeling this was a scam. Introduction History. After reading many pages, I thought, what the heck, we will go to the orientation and unit plan a research paper see what it is all about. My husband and I took our grand daughter to the orientation. The staff was wonderful. They were very open about introduction history all the cost for the pageant and daniel boone paper explained how we could manage sponership. While there, Olivia had 3 interviews.
We left with a better feeling about the introduction essay, program. The next day we received a phone call to mla formal inform us that Olivia had been chosen as a state finalist. We were all quite please and yes a bit nerveous too. Introduction. Hearing so much bad stuff and not knowing anyone personally who had been there before can make one skepital. NAMiss kept us well informed with mail, phone calls and the the next time we went in original essay title April for introduction essay, the work shop. THis is when you have to pay the dissertation, 1st half of pageant fees. Now it takes a diligent parent ( grand parent) and someone who is not shy to ask for sponsership money, which is what I did.
By this time I had more than half of introduction history essay, what I needed. When we paid the $240.00 I did get a receipt and signed a paper that said it was non-refundable . (which I have read in places people saying that were offered no receipt and were not told the funds were not refundable). Olivia and her Poppop and I worked hard and medical essay psychiatry had bake sales and raised enough money it cover all expenses, including her formal gown, 2 different slips for her gown, the alteration of the essay, gown, interview dress, 3 new pair of shoes, assessories, Poppop's tie to match Oliva's dress and most of essay, our hotel stay. Olivia did not win princess of introduction essay, her division, but we came away happy. She won 3rd place on original, Top Model Search, 1st Runner up in Miss Pereonality, she was names as Miss Photogenic in the Princess division. It was a great experience for this little outgoing 6 year olf girl. She made many friends, she had a great time, she come away with new knowledge.
Her Popop and history essay I came away knowing new, wonderful parents and children and a wonderful program for ovetz dissertation, any young girls. So if you are one of those parents who gets a letter from NAMiss, please do not hesitate. Introduction History. You will not regret it and neither will your little girl. It is well worth the money to see the smile on dissertation, that little girl's face, and introduction who knows, maybe one day she will me Miss America. Are you an essay for a separate, owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company?
NAM for kids who want to excel in life skills. SUBMITTED: Tuesday, July 21, 2015. POSTED: Tuesday, July 21, 2015. Let me be upfront. I have no relationship with NAM but only have met the owners and the nice folks that work with NAM. As a rebuttal to introduction the review indicating that NAM is a profit oriented company.
I too own a large company and anyone with the ability to build a company deserves to make a profit. Of course NAM grosses millions but it costs millions to prizes operate the company. If you think NAM should operate as as governmental entity you would have poor results. Compare NAM with any other pageant as we have and you will change your mind. In fact, if you don't want to invest in your child then don't blame NAM. It is the lowest cost life skill course in the market place. My daughter and wife worked weeks and hours to prepare for a Florida pageant and history essay the hard work paid off And won a Florida Miss.
We participated in plan teaching a research the National pageant and history essay my daughter won a few events but not the essay title, National Competing and losing teaches a child to work harder and that they are not losers but lost a competition. My wife as a Royalty Mom, worked hard at the recent Orlando July 2015 pageant and said she loved every minute of it. In fact, my daughter had to help the other girls before they competed and she too honored. Introduction History Essay. Behind the scenes there's so much that goes on separate, and she said that the amount of care and love in introduction NAM toward the girls is remarkable. As a father, I am so pleased to see a company with great value and integrity. The experience for our daughter and all the other to compete with hundreds of for a, remarkable young ladies while exercising their life skills is worth more ththe cost. Introduction Essay. Getting up in front of hundreds of strangers introducing oneself and having to interview in front of psychiatry, 8 judges takes pure confidence. NAM teaches these young ladies real life experiences which is worth way more than what anyone has to invest. We met parents that did not have the money but saved so theor daughters could compete each year.
In fact they take their vacation this time each year. To them it's the life skills and said their kids learn more at NAM than they learn all year long. How can you put a value on your kids future. Give your daughter the best. Invest in her future. Be open minded. Trust NAM.
They are the best. And as a Father I am so pleased in the transformation in my daughter. Introduction History. Once you start networking with other parents at the events you will never kniw the value of what NAM will do for your child. Daniel Boone Paper. If you don't get involved with her 100% before the pageant don't go. Kids need parents guidance and not coaches that you hire. History Essay. You will bond with your kid. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company?
SUBMITTED: Monday, July 20, 2015. POSTED: Monday, July 20, 2015. I just finished the plan teaching writing a research, pageant this weekend and history essay my daughter participated ---all I have to say is she had NO CHANCE because there were 102 finalists (obviousl they have no limit) and we dont have thousands to spend on medical psychiatry, various competetitions- it is clear that if you have money to history essay invest, you win! the concept is research paper, good for essay, the girls to have an experience but realy comes down to deep the parent's pockets are. Its mostly about money. Are you an teaching writing a research paper, owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? I believe the lady. SUBMITTED: Monday, March 16, 2015. POSTED: Monday, March 16, 2015.
We were at introduction essay a store and amodeling agency saw us and said the paper, SAME exact thing, free shoot, free blah blah blah, only 500 bucks for the modeling classes held at the hotel, the introduction, free shoot and such were on a saturday, in texas we have 3 days to cancel an order on our card. the only way that the company would do so is through fax machine m-f Sat, Sunday Monday, weekends count in this cancel rule in mla formal essay texas. after you come off of the high that your kid could be a star you realize, HUHnow that i have come to mt senses what a joke. aww crap its tuesday, they wont refund my money :/ BOO barbrazone, in Califonia. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? SUBMITTED: Thursday, May 22, 2014. POSTED: Thursday, May 22, 2014. this is our 2nd yr attending Nam, and its anything but a scam.. my grandaughter 9 has gotten so much self confidence and introduction history essay self esteem. made many friends and took away so much. being just myself and separate peace NO help from family or friends, the team at NAM offered us a partial sponsor-ship and with out that help i would'nt have made it. Introduction History. So i am very grateful to for a separate peace them, and through out the pageant they were very helpful..Now back for our 2nd yr off the bat we were offered a 200 dollar discount for returning. Introduction. All girls returning get a discount. plus a single parent discount. Daniel Boone. so this time i had to introduction history pay very little. plus we came away with 5 trophey's last yr. and paper hope to get more this yr. So i am very sorry u had a bad time, but had u stuck around u would have seen that NAM is AWESOME..
All the team is awesome , including ms Dawn Lee(lady in charge of introduction history essay, advertising contest). For A Peace. Sincerely Rebecca Reyna. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? #6 Author of history, original report. NOT MADE ABOUT OUR DAUGHTER NOT WINNING. SUBMITTED: Friday, May 09, 2014. POSTED: Friday, May 09, 2014. Someone wrote and said we filed our report because we were mad that our daughter did not win. Paper. If the writer read our report, he or she would know that we asked for a refund for a competition in which our daughter never participated. What we asked for was that NAMISS be upfront with parents at the very beginning about all the costs involved.
Is it too much to inform parents, If your child is chosen as a finalist, in addition to paying $480 to introduction history essay enter this round of the competition, you will also have to pay for accomodations and food at a hotel where the pageant will be held over a three day period? Why anyone would question the need for transparency in prizes psychiatry these matters is history essay, beyond our comprehension. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? SUBMITTED: Saturday, May 24, 2014. POSTED: Saturday, May 24, 2014. Going to tell you why your rip off is full of you-know-what. My daughter participated in this program, and it was a great experience. Essay For A Separate Peace. As far as you getting ripped off of your money, that is completely your fault. At the essay, first meeting you attend, they tell you, out loud, spoken, not written in small print, that the robert ovetz, cost of initial pagent entry is history essay, $480.00. You are advised to not just pay out of mla formal essay, pocket, but to help your child go around your community and essay get business sponsors. Medical Student Psychiatry. That $240 was your first payment, and you payed that willingly.
If they don't give refunds, it was your fault for introduction, not checking on that anyway. Medical Student Essay Prizes Psychiatry. With donations from local businesses and friends and family, we were able to pay for the entire thing without touching our own wallets. All of this information was given to you when you signed up. My daughter went out, earned the history, money, which was a life experience in itself. Original Essay Title. They are not exploiting children. Introduction History. They have a no make up rule for contestants under the age of 12. There is not judging on robert ovetz, beauty. My daughter, while she did not win, still came out proud and confident in herself. Any rip offs you experienced here were solely your fault. Introduction History. This program was amazing and we would do it all over again if given the ovetz, opportunity. Next time, actually listen, read, and introduction essay know what you are getting into before you throw a hissy fit about what YOU signed up for.
Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? SUBMITTED: Wednesday, May 07, 2014. POSTED: Wednesday, May 07, 2014. I work in the Chicago School System. I was speaking with a student who was rather excited by the prospect of robert ovetz, being involved with this group. She went to introduction history the open call I guess and was informed that she was in.
I was happy for her. She informed me that she needed sponcers and did not know how to robert go about introduction it. I told her I would help her. She gave me a brochoure detailing sponcership. It is indeed geared toward businessness. It clearly states on the broshure that NAM IS BBB ACCREDITED. So I went to the BBB , just to find out that they have a F rating and are NOT Accredited.
So why would this professional brochure have this on there? I did not know how much the sponcership was until I researched the net. I have printed all out for the student. Essay. Along with complaints from around the net, as well as postive comments. I would have still sponsored her, however this false info on their hand out has me very concered, for it is indeed a lie, and that is good enoug me to NOT place any of essay, my hard earned money into the hands of false and mis leading pratices. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the ovetz dissertation, company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company?
SUBMITTED: Sunday, March 23, 2014. POSTED: Sunday, March 23, 2014. National American Miss is history, not a scam. NAMiss is a peageant, a scholarship pageant. The company is a business, therefore they require money to run. Unit Plan Paper. They also give every competitor a trophy and give away hundreds of prizes. This is expensive. I competed last year and did very well.
I had sponsors pay for my $480 (which is higly suggested by introduction the company rather than just paying it.) The pageant only costed my, personally, 500 or so dollars which includes: hotel, food, dress, interview outfit, shoes, etc. So, it is expensive becuase it is essay prizes psychiatry, a business. You would not complain about Tory Burch's prices making them a rip-off. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? SUBMITTED: Tuesday, January 07, 2014. POSTED: Tuesday, January 07, 2014.
It would appear that the complaint comes from a parent who is mad because their child didn't win. First of all, the complaint wasn't filed during the time period between open calls and state level pageant. The complaint was filed after state level pageant took place and about a month before nationals. Second, the introduction essay, price given is an incorrect price. The true cost for National America Miss is plan teaching, as follows: open calls-FREE, state level: $495 any other costs are your choice to history make (such as hotel stay, wardrobe costs, and any optionals that the child chooses to separate peace do NAM is introduction essay, very upfront about all of this, they also inform you that the plan a research, $495 entry fee is for the main pageant which includes intreview, personal introduction, formal wear. Introduction History Essay. Optionals are judged by a completely different panel of judges than the main competition.), and national level: $795 any other costs are again your choice to make. Open calls are just that, there is unit, no competition and essay they only try to see if the girls are truly interested and teaching writing paper give very detailed explanations and other information to the parents. Third, yes the payments for the entry fee can be made over a period of time. Maybe you and your wife didn't pay attention when the went over introduction, this information and therefor should only blame yourselves for essay title, not paying attention to details.
Fourth, once again if you or your wife would have paid attention then you would know that most girls go out and get sponsorships to introduction history essay cover their entry fees. Sponsorships are fairly easy to get because it is a tax write off as advertisement for businesses. Fifth, it is very clearly stated in the paperwork that is handed out at original essay every level in the NAM pageant that there are no refunds! NAM is a great opportinuty for girls to gain life skills that they will use in the world! They focus on public speaking, interview skills, and teach the girls the introduction history, values of helping each other. They also require each girl in every age group to original do volunteer work and maintain good grades. My daugther had never participated in a pageant before joining NAM in 2013. We do not have lots of history, money.
I watched my teenage daughter blossom during this experience and mla formal essay grow into a caring young lady. We were blessed to experience both state and national levels during 2013. She is already preparing for essay, 2014 state level, and loving every minute. The state and national staff for NAM are very caring people and original title help in any way possible. Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on introduction history, this company? Are you an owner, employee or ex-employee with either negative or positive information about the company or individual, or can you provide insider information on this company? Are you also a victim of the same company or individual? Want Justice? File a Rip-off Report, help other consumers to be educated and don't let them get away with it!
Got Reports filed against you? Resolve the issues and rebuild trust through our Corporate Advocacy Program. Corporate Advocacy Program: The best way to manage and essay separate repair your business reputation. Hiding negative complaints is history, only a Band-Aid. Medical Essay Prizes. Consumers want to see how businesses take care of business. All businesses will get complaints. How those businesses take care of introduction, those complaints is what separates good businesses from the essay for a peace, rest.
No! Better yet! Arbitrate to essay set the boone research, record straight!
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How To Write a Good History Essay | History Today
Alice Munro Munro, Alice (Vol. 10) - Essay. Munro, a Canadian short story writer and novelist, is history, known for her precise recording of personal experiences. Daniel! Her stories chart the search for personal freedom in nostalgically rural settings. (See also CLC , Vol. 6, and Contemporary Authors , Vols. 33-36, rev. ed.) Access our Alice Munro Study Guide for essay, Free. Mla Formal! Alice Munro … writes stories you have to call well-made.… They are journeymen's work. But they are no more than that, and by now … we ought to introduction history essay demand that a volume of stories delivers the thrilling economy, the essay for a, poetry which makes the form so valuable. Alice Munro's subject matter is ordinariness—disappointment, the passage of history time—but she doesn't bring to her stories what, say, John Updike or Tillie Olsen do: extraordinary language, a mind in love with the everyday but able to exalt it so that we feel the essay, magic in what is history, usual. Most of the stories [in Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You] concern the past, hidden from others but told to for a peace us … and the stories do seem formulaic.
The book is essay, filled with lots of information on who did what to whom, and when, and where, but there is little emotional tension arising from the events. Everything is thought out, decided upon. Most of the robert ovetz, dialogue, even, seems there for the sake of information, not for its own sake. And much of the writing seems to be designed to win our love rather than stun us with character or prose…. When the narrative voice of the story doesn't use winsomeness as a strategy, it takes refuge in introduction, Art: I invented loving you and I invented your death. I have my tricks and my trap doors, too. I don't understand their workings at the present moment.
Such a dependency on research, our sense of the artful paradox of contemporary writing—while the author permits herself to cease responsibility for introduction, her characters—is close kin to the childishness of I wouldn't have looked in her drawers, but a closet is open to anybody. Essay! That's a lie, I would have looked in drawers, but I would have felt worse doing it and introduction history essay been more scared she would tell. In both cases, as in most of these stories, there is the kind of innocence of tone that can make you grin, but the way you grin at someone else's charming child: already forgetting. (p. Research Paper! 54) Frederick Busch, in The New York Times Book Review (© 1974 by The New York Times Company; reprinted by permission), October 27, 1974 . Introduction History! [In Alice Munro's vision there] are those of the world, of society, of the accepted norms, and those from the other country …, people such as Miss Marsalles [in the title story of medical essay prizes The Dance of the Happy Shades ], whose innocence has made her, at introduction, the best, a fondly tolerated anachronism and, at the worst, a social embarrassment. Miss Marsalles, with [a] terrible faux pas , has placed herself in the same category as idiots, seniles, eccentrics, criminals, and the fatally ill, all of essay whom are uncontrollable, unpredictable, and, therefore, painful, embarrassing, and plainly unacceptable by the world. (pp. 366-67) The prevalence … in Munro's work, of idiots, senile old people, suicides, the fatally ill, and history that recurring image of the mother who is attacked by Parkinson's disease are guides to essay for a her controlling vision. Munro sees society and life as cruel and deforming. Those who appear to essay adapt or cope and survive are, in her eyes, more deformed in an internal, spiritual way, than those who are clearly retarded or maimed and unable to enter the struggle. In some stories, the obviously defective people seem better off and freer than those who have found acceptance in a normal world. In most cases, they work as a symbol or externalization of the suffering and mla formal deformity of the apparently healthy and adjusted characters. They are also a deflecting release valve for introduction history, the tension that builds up from the reader's sense of. (The entire section is 507 words.) Get Free Access to teaching paper this Alice Munro Study Guide.
Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. [ Lives of Girls and introduction history essay Women ] is essay, not, the author says, autobiographical except in form. In fact, in form it more closely resembles a series of short stories, and it is no surprise to see that the history essay, author won a Canadian award in this genre. Each chapter of Lives of Girls and Women is daniel, virtually self-contained; characters who appear in essay, more than one are nearly always reintroduced, however well we might reasonably be supposed to remember them. Yet each protagonist is closely connected with the central family; Del Jordan, the plan teaching, daughter, is the narrator throughout and though she is not the heroine of every episode it is introduction history, very much her story.
The first chapter, it is true, is set at a decided angle to the main narrative line; its hero, Uncle Benny, appears only peripherally in the later chapters—and his vicious mail-order bride never—but the effect is intriguing rather than confusing. The title is accurate, for the book presents not only the growing up of a girl, her relationships with her family and her approaches and eventual introduction to essay sexual experience, but also the histories of her female contemporaries and older relatives, especially her mother. In other words, we are in Kinflicks country, but whereas Kinflicks tries, too hard for its artistic good, to be a, or even the, Great American Novel, Lives of Girls and Women obeys its own natural range and introduction history scope and is consequently much more successful. (The entire section is 421 words.) Get Free Access to this Alice Munro Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. [Alice Munro is] a writer who has quietly and firmly established herself over the past decade. In a very real sense, she occupies [two] fictional worlds: her fiction is rooted tangibly in the social realism of the rural and small town world of her own experience, but it insistently explores what lies beyond the bounds of empirical reality. Though she has said that she is very, very excited by what you might call the surface of life, the substance of essay separate peace her fiction to date suggests that this excitement must also derive in history, part from her intuitive feeling that there is something else of significance just below that literal surface. This may be one reason why to date she has been more attracted to the short story than to essay title the novel…. Introduction History! [That] more concentrated fictional form probably allows her to explore in a more imaginative and intense way the research, intangible aspects of essay her world: those shadowy and shifting areas between the rational and the irrational, between the familiar, comfortable world and sudden dimensions of terror, and between various facets of uncertainty and illusion.
These metaphysical concerns find their aesthetic and formal complements in the structures of her fiction, where a similar illusory balance operates between the conventional fictional elements of plot and character on the one hand, and on robert ovetz, the other, a kind of psychological or even psychic verification or resolution of introduction history a particular dilemma. Essay! Though emanating from a recognizable sociological reality, the situations that are characteristically depicted in her fiction frequently transcend the literal bounds of our conscious realizations, and leave us with a residual uncertainty, puzzlement, or even despair. Essay! (pp. 56-7) Something I've Been Meaning to student essay Tell You … essentially picks up on the same themes and concerns as [Munro's] two earlier works, Dance of the Happy Shades and Lives of Girls and Women . In most of this fiction, Munro is the chronicler of a particular region, that of south-western Ontario…. (pp. 57-8) Alice Munro's fiction could profitably be examined in introduction, terms of the themes of isolation and essay peace rejection, which unfold in situations where human relationships are rarely cemented or consummated…. [For example, in introduction history essay, the short story The Peace of prizes Utrecht, home], the past, family ties—forces which are conventionally interpreted as positive forces—are … dramatized as disturbing elements, and the narrator even defines home as a dim world of continuing disaster.… (p.
58) It is [the] intangible or irrational impulses between the protagonist and some other element—other characters, the past or childhood, a code of morality or behaviour—which give Munro's fiction its haunting and disturbing quality…. In Munro's first two books, the emphasis was on essay, the youthful protagonist trying to come to terms with the adult world, but in her latest collection it is frequently the other way around: grandmothers trying to understand granddaughters (Marrakesh), elderly sisters trying to make sense out of their common past (Something I've Been Meaning to unit plan teaching writing a research paper Tell You), a sensitive old man just failing to come to terms with the younger generation around him (Walking on Water). Introduction History! (pp. 61-2) [There is] an underlying element in Munro's fiction in. Essay! (The entire section is 1360 words.) Alice Munro Homework Help Questions. The first love is introduction history essay, hard to get over unit plan especially when the love is not reciprocated. Alice Munro’s “An Ounce of introduction history essay Cure” describes a teenager’s reaction to being dumped by essay for a her first. I'll stick with the short story Boys and Girls by Alice Munro. The story is narrated from the perspective of an 11 year old girl. She lives on a ranch that breeds and raises foxes. The narrator. “An Ounce of Cure” by Alice Munro explores the theme of growing up in 1960s America as a teenage girl. Teenagers have choices to make as they become more independent from their parents and. I think that one of the strongest and most unifying themes that comes out of the novel is the idea of taking action.
Life is defined as the reality of needing to take action and not be inhibited. What happens when a girl gets dumped? This is the problem faced by the main character in Alice Munro’s “An Ounce of Cure.” The narration is first person point of view with the.
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disaster case study Disaster Diplomacy Case Studies. in association with. Case Studies Index. Based on Geographical Region or Specific Disaster. Based on Disaster Type or Issue. Aral and Caspian Seas (Environmental Disasters) (suggested by Michael Glantz)
Information on the history and nature of the severe human-induced environmental problems affecting these two inland seas can be found at: Ascher W. and M. Mirovitskaya (eds.). Introduction History! 2000. Essay For A! The Caspian Sea: A Quest for Environmental Security . Proceedings of NATO Advanced Research Workshop held 15-19 March 1999 in history essay Venice, Italy. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the essay for a Netherlands. Cullen, R. 1999. The Rise and Fall of the Caspian Sea. History Essay! National Geographic May 1999.
Glantz, M. (ed.). 1999. Creeping Environmental Problems and Sustainable Development in the Aral Sea Basin . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. Glantz M. and title, I.S. History! Zonn (eds.). 1997. Scientific, Environmental and Political Issues in the Circum-Caspian Region . Proceedings of student essay psychiatry NATO Advanced Research Workshop 950549 held 13-16 May 1996 in introduction Moscow, Russia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. Stone, R. 1999.
Coming to Grips With the Aral Sea's Grim Legacy. Science , vol. 284, no. 5411 (2 April 1999), pp. Daniel! 30-33. Although the Aral Sea and the Caspian Sea are two separate case studies, similarities exist and comparing them would be useful to establish patterns (or lack thereof) in disaster diplomacy for long-term disasters.
Major obstacles to immediate and effective change are the unstable political climate and state rivalries throughout central Asia. Some cooperation amongst the countries affected has been identified, likely because of the impending, detrimental economic and political impacts. Resolution is inhibited by lack of funding, lack of outside interest, and lack of expertise in dealing with such complex, intertwined environmental and international political problems. Successes, either in small parts or over the entire scope of the environmental disasters, have the potential to introduction essay yield further cooperation or to provide frameworks usable in the future for resolving regional challenges, including enmity. Armenia Earthquake (suggested by Nick Cater) (7 December 1988 earthquake) This earthquake influenced the glasnost and perestroika processes, started in 1986, because: (a) the Soviet Union admitted they could not cope, which set a precedent; (b) the Soviet Union let outsiders in to paper assist, which set a precedent; and.
(c) Gorbachev saw the inadequacies of the Soviet system and the marked contrast with the much better abilities of history essay outsiders. Furthermore, few rebuilding promises achieved much. For example, heavy cranes were brought in to rebuild houses, but more than a decade afterwards, the cranes were still there without houses having been rebuilt. Writing! As well, the Red Cross set up a specialised spinal injury institute for the Soviet Union, but when the Soviet Union collapsed, it turned out to be too big and history, costly for dissertation Armenia to operate. Despite continuing tensions regarding the Falklands, Argentina and history essay, the Falklands/U.K. collaborate regarding search-and-rescue activities.
For example, from 4-6 November 2004, as part of a series of essay for a peace joint exercises, Argentina and introduction, the U.K., with aircraft and vessels from the Falklands, collaborated for search and rescue practice held in the South Atlantic Ocean's international waters. Two Regional Rescue Co-ordination Centres exist in the region--Ushuaia, Argentina and Mount Pleasant--so they need to collaborate for emergencies in the area. On 30 January 2004, the Falklands government gave permission for an Argentine Air Ambulance to land in order to evacuate a sick crew member from a fishing boat. Permission was given on humanitarian grounds in that the insurers preferred the cheaper Argentine aircraft over the usual Chilean medevac company. The sick crew member was flown directly to Buenos Aires. Bangladesh Regional Flood Warning System (suggested by John Twigg)
Ahmad, Q.K. and A.U. Ahmed. 2003. Regional Cooperation in Flood Management in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Region: Bangladesh Perspective. Natural Hazards , vol. 28, no. 1, pp. For A Separate! 181–198. Workshop on Regional Cooperation on Flood Warning, May 4-6, 1995, Dhaka, text from workshop and outcomes (1,084 kb in PDF).
Bolivia Floods 2007 (suggested by introduction Ben Wisner) (February-March 2007 floods) Download a compilation of separate media reports (37 kb in PDF) on the flood's political implications from essay, Ben Wisner. Commentary by Gregory Berger (12 March 2007): I wish to point out two other interesting dynamics of Evo's disaster diplomacy: 1. There is strong regional division in Bolivia that has become more strained since Evo took office--although it is arguably not his fault, but that of the oligarchy that has launched a vigorous and racist anti-Evo campaign.
Trinidad is part of Beni Department, which, along with Santa Cruz, Tarija, and Pando comprise the Amazon basin Departments of Bolivia. The other Departments are mostly Andean and are comprised of a Quechua and Aymara indigenous majority, and are the base of mla formal essay Evo's support. The flooded lowland areas (including Trinidad) are where most of Bolivia's untapped gas reserves are located and introduction, are also home to much of the idle land that Evo is planning to partially redistribute to landless Quechuas and Aymaras. Thus, the local lowland elite have been convincing the mla formal essay local non-indigenous campesino class (as well as the Guarai indigenous population who are non-Andean) that Evo will be stealing their gas and sending hordes of Andean Indians to steal their land. The floods have given Evo a chance to introduction essay play the hero and undermine his enemy's propaganda.
2. There has been some controversy over the category of emergency that the essay for a separate peace flood in Trinidad has been classified. History! Due to a legal technicality in the constitution, if the Federal government calls it a natural disaster it will set back by a couple of mla formal essay years Evo's land reform program by temporarily suspending the ability for transfer of land title. So it has been called a natural emergency and Evo's enemies have been quick to accuse him of playing politics with disaster response. Evo's critics, even on the left, contend that he is constructing a spoils system for the constituency of history essay his political party at the expense of daniel boone other marginalized segments of the population. This current flood situation may make or break Evo's ability or perceived ability to construct a revolutionary movement that truly beneifts everyone. Some sources on introduction essay the cross-border management of the 1997 Red River floods are: Wachtendorf, T. 1999. A River Runs Through It: Cross Border Interaction During the 1997 Red River Flood . Thesis #11 (Master of Arts in Sociology), Disaster Research Center, University of daniel research paper Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., full text (4,085 kb in PDF) posted here with the introduction essay kind permission of Tricia Wachtendorf. Wachtendorf, T. 1999. Daniel Boone Research Paper! Cross-border Issues in Disaster Response . Preliminary Paper #278, Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., full text (1,074 kb in PDF) posted here with the kind permission of Tricia Wachtendorf.
Wachtendorf, T. 2000. Interaction Between Canadian and American Governmental and introduction history essay, Non-Governmental Organizations During the original Red River Flood of history 1997 . Historical Comparative Series #12, Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., full text (4,511 kb in PDF) posted here with the kind permission of Tricia Wachtendorf. Wachtendorf, T. 2000. When disasters defy borders: What we can learn from the Red River flood about transnational disasters. Australian Journal of Emergency Management , vol. 15, issue 3, pp.
36-41. Caribbean Disaster Risk Reduction. The Caribbean Region has complex political geography. The complexity arises from the unit teaching a research four main languages, the differences in territorial status amongst the European overseas territories, and introduction, the loose correlation between geographical position and political/linguistic affiliation. Olson, R.S. and J.P.S.
Prieto. 1995. Guns, Drugs, and Disaster: Cauca/Huila, Colombia, 1994. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 147-160. UNDP. 2004. Reducing Disaster Risk: A Challenge for Development . Unit Plan Writing Paper! Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), New York, New York, USA.
From page 73: In Colombia, violently opposed local communities in the Department of Meta have worked together to mitigate the impact of floods as a means not only of protecting livelihoods, but also of building trust and reconciliation. Referenced to UNDP, Cooperation Framework with UNDP Colombia, 2003. Goma Volcano in 2002 (suggested by Ben Wisner) (eruptions started 17 January 2002) Ben Wisner has written a piece for Radix entitled Goma, Congo: City Air Makes Men Free? (57 kb in RTF). This discussion on Goma following the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo in January 2002 examines disaster diplomacy beyond the initial, narrow question by querying the wider interactions amongst disaster events and international politics related to forced migrants. The questions raised indicate how vulnerabilities must be viewed as dynamic, interactive processes which influence each other and essay, thus cannot be viewed or managed in isolation.
Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie (RCD) is the rebel movement which controlled the Goma area during the eruptions of Mount Nyiragongo. On 29 January 2002. Agence France-Presse (AFP) reported that South Africa was sending aid to Goma via Kigali. Ovetz Dissertation! On the same day, UN OCHA Sitrep no. 11, 29 January 2002 reported that Kinshasa had sent aid to introduction history the Goma area via the UN even though RCD was refusing to accept aid directly from title, Kinshasa. RCD has suspended border fees for humanitarian organisations until the end of February. On 1 February 2002, the introduction essay Organization for robert ovetz dissertation African Unity (OAU) (now the introduction African Union (AU)) provided US$100,000 for aid. Did any of that money come from states involved in student psychiatry the conflict?
As of 3 February 2002. History Essay! it appears as if the countries involved in the conflict are assisting with relief operations through international organisations, but dealing with the disaster as effectively as possible appears to be hampered by robert ovetz the unwillingness of parties to work together. Whether or not the essay humanitarian imperative does forge linkages which later prove useful in solving the situation, i.e. disaster diplomacy, remains to be seen. Further analysis is required, particularly to determine whether or not providing aid or access for student prizes psychiatry aid is being used in an attempt to introduction history essay further political aims in addition to, or instead of, assisting the affected population. One clear conclusion, as with the other case studies, is that the disaster itself has not immediately created diplomacy for conflict resolution--but it may yet provide an input for the long-term. On 6 February 2002.
Reliefweb reported that the anti-rebel Mai-Mai militia approached the UN offering a ceasefire and requesting to join the DRC peace process. The reason for their sudden interest in peace was not given, but may be a result of regional politics. Illustrating whether or not the volcanic eruption made any direct or indirect difference, or was irrelevant to their decision, would be a useful analysis. 8 February 2002. Nick Cater writes for Alertnet Congo volcano casts a shadow over relief discussing aspects of the medical international interest in this disaster: While one volcano will not inspire the comprehensive political and developmental effort that the region desperately needs, any attention to introduction essay central Africa and its challenges is welcome. 15 February 2002. Ben Wisner writes for Alertnet Eruption raises practical and original essay, philosophical issues with similar comments to his piece on introduction history essay this site (see the introduction to this case study above). February to April 2002. Original! The peace process known as the Inter-Congolese Dialogue started in Sun City, South Africa on 26 February 2002. The Mai-Mai, who offered peace on 6 February 2002 (see above), were part of the process.
The talks were soon hit by stalling tactics and walk-outs. They faltered against a backdrop of sporadic fighting in DRC. Introduction History! The negotiations then resumed and were extended beyond their original end date of 11 April 2002. The DRC government signed a peace deal with some rebel groups, but not with RCD-Goma who then formed an alliance with civil opposition groups. By the end of April 2002, Mount Nyiragongo had quietened down and was no longer reported as being of essay concern regarding the conflict. Subsequent events have not displayed any obvious disaster diplomacy connections. Why did disaster diplomacy apparently not work in introduction history the long-term for the Goma volcano? (22 October to 5 November 1998)
Hurricane Mitch led to mla formal essay devastating floods and landslides across several countries in Central America. The situation following Hurricane Mitch created an opportunity for disaster diplomacy to essay develop and warrants further investigation. As well, as part of robert dissertation Discrimination in International Disaster Aid (suggested by history George Kent), Manuel Arguello Rodriguez pointed out that, rather the hurricane solving discrimination problems, statements were made that 'campesinos', 'indigenas' and 'negros' in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Honduras were marginalised during the relief and reconstruction processes. India and the 1966 to 1967 Bihar Famine (suggested by Thomas Myhrvold-Hanssen) Thomas Myhrvold-Hanssen has written a piece entitled Democracy, News Media, and medical essay psychiatry, Famine Prevention: Amartya Sen and The Bihar Famine of 1966-67 (83 kb in RTF).
This discussion explores the relationship between democracy and famine through a critique of Amartya Sen's suggestion that democracy is the best way of preventing famine. The Bihar famine in India from 1966 to 1967 is used as the history essay main case study, but the famine in Sudan from 1986 to research paper 1989 is also examined. This paper provides insights into the relationship between government--particularly democracies--and disaster and indicates possibilities for the interaction not necessarily achieving what we would expect or hope. Other potential examples of a famine occurring in a democracy are: The USA dust bowl of the 1930s. Introduction Essay! Was it a famine? Ireland in the 1840s. Ireland was part of the mla formal essay U.K. which was a democracy, at least comparatively for introduction history that era, although perhaps Ireland at that time should be considered a colony rather than part of the democratic state. See also Rubin, O. Essay For A Separate Peace! 2009.
The Merits of Democracy in Famine Protection - Fact or Fallacy? European Journal of introduction history Development Research , vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 699-717. By George Kent (28 July 2003): Another study on Sen's theory, centered not on the democracy idea but on the entitlements idea is: Lin, J.Y. and robert ovetz, D.T. Yang. Introduction Essay! 2000.
Food Availability, Entitlements and the Chinese Famine of 1959-61. Economic Journal , vol. 110, no. 460 (January), pp. 136-158. I'm not sure Sen said democracy is the BEST way of preventing famine, but he did say it helps, especially where there is a vigorous free press. The argument below is drawn from Chapter 8 of my forthcoming book The Human Right to Adequate Food . Sen observed there are far fewer famines in prizes democracies: &nnbsp; nbsp;. the working of democracy and of political rights can even help to introduction history prevent famines and other economic disasters. Essay For A Separate Peace! Authoritarian rulers, who are themselves rarely affected by famines (or other such economic calamities), tend to introduction history lack the incentive to take timely preventive measures. Democratic governments, in contrast, have to mla formal essay win elections and introduction history, face public criticism, and have strong incentives to medical essay prizes psychiatry undertake measures to avert famines and introduction history, other such catastrophes. It is original essay title, not surprising that no famine has ever taken place in the history of the world in a functioning democracy--be it economically rich (as in contemporary Western Europe or North America) or relatively poor (as in postindependence India, or Botswana, or Zimbabwe). . no substantial famine has ever occurred in a democratic country--no matter how poor.
This is because famines are extremely easy to prevent if the government tries to prevent them, and a government in a multiparty democracy with elections and free media has strong political incentives to undertake famine prevention. nbsp; In democracies, the people hold the government accountable, not only through the press but also through their voting powers and, more generally, through their sustained and vigorous participation in public life. The observation apparently correlates with the democratic peace hypothesis, that democracies do not make war on introduction one another, and are much less violent internally than undemocratic nations. While Sen may be correct about democracies having few famines, the argument does not work so well in relation to chronic malnutrition, or as Sen's colleague Hussain calls it, endemic malnutrition: . Essay For A Separate! even an active press, as in India, can be less than effective in moving governments to act decisively against endemic undernutrition and deprivation--as opposed to dramatically visible famines. The quiet persistence of 'regular hunger' kills millions in a slow and non-dramatic way, and essay, this phenomenon has not been much affected, it appears, by media critiques. Original! There is need for an analysis here of what explains the introduction essay difference. Many factors account for the tendency of the media to emphasize episodic famines rather than chronic malnutrition, including, for original title example, their tendency to emphasize sudden-onset events over continuing phenomena. Introduction! However, the major factor undoubtedly is that democracies are not as democratic as we sometimes assume.
Sen has come to acknowledge that there is research, chronic malnutrition in democracies, but it seems he does not associate that with any possible defects in the qualities of their democracy. Societies can be democratic but at the same time highly unequal. Introduction History Essay! Democratic governments are responsive to their people, but they are most responsive to the most powerful of them. These are the constituencies that keep their leaders in power. This pattern is clearly visible in major democracies such as the medical essay prizes United States and India. Thus, while Sen is correct in observing that acute famines are virtually nonexistent in history democracies, he overlooks the fact that they continue to have extensive chronic malnutrition among their poor. Democratic states may tend to be more equitable in the sense of plan paper having less extreme divisions between top and bottom, but all states have substantial inequalities in fact. Dreze and Sen speak of the importance of public accountability in making it hard for a government to allow a famine to develop.
The unfortunate fact is that in all societies, including democracies, governments tend to introduction be more accountable--more responsive--to those who are more powerful. Those who are politically weak tend to be ignored, except when those who are relatively powerful speak out in their behalf. Democracies such as the United States and India do not have famines, but they do have widespread chronic undernutrition. We can explain this, and still save Sen’s concept, by acknowledging that these democracies-as-lived are imperfect. They are not fully egalitarian, but are more responsive to those of their people who are richer and more powerful. There is government accountability to mla formal the people, but not uniformly. Democracies have the same flaw as other political systems: they tend to be more responsive to those who are powerful than to those who are needy. We see this in their economic systems, their social systems, their educational systems—indeed, in every quarter of introduction history essay society.
Even programs designed for the poor tend to favor the more capable among the poor. This pattern of democracy-as-lived may be described as elite democracy, to distinguish it from truly egalitarian ideal democracy. Thus we come to an explanation for chronic malnutrition. Teaching! We can understand the persistent and widespread chronic malnutrition in the world, within countries and internationally, as a concrete manifestation of the persistent and widespread disparities in power in the world. Weaker people have weaker entitlements, and thus will always have a disproportionately small share of the earth’s abundant produce. History Essay! Some individuals will enjoy meals costing hundreds of dollars, and thus command the labor of many others, and at the same time other individuals will squat before nearly empty rice bowls.
National governments are not very responsive to the weaker segments of their populations. In much the same way, the international community is skewed against the weaker nations of the world. Explicitly stated human rights, affirmed in the law, accompanied by distinct mechanisms of implementation and unit teaching a research paper, of accountability, contribute to counterbalancing this bias in social systems. Thus, a well-developed human rights system is not an add-on luxury; it is an integral part of essay any social system that aspires to essay be truly egalitarian. It is essential to good governance. 1997-1999 Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1,084 kb in PDF) summarised Israeli humanitarian relief operations including work in introduction Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Jordan, and Russia.
On 15 November 1999, The Christian Science Monitor publishes an article by Ilene R. Prusher on the quiet diplomacy consequences of Israeli search-and-rescue teams conducting emergency response operations around the world. 27 March 2007. A sewage flood inundates parts of Gaza City, killing several people. The Israeli army offers to mla formal essay help for search and rescue. Suggestions are made that, after Hamas won the January 2006 elections in introduction history Palestine and international aid funding was reduced, this sewage project--and other development projects--were neglected, leading to disaster risk reduction concerns which manifested in this disaster. BBC Reports. May 2010 to October 2011 Israel and prizes, Turkey have traditionally been on friendly terms. On 31 May 2010 in international waters, Israel soldiers boarded a Turkey-linked ship aiming to break Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip. In the resulting fight, several soldiers were wounded and the nine people, all with links to Turkey, on history essay board the ship were killed.
The diplomatic fallout caused severe problems for Israel-Turkey relations. In November-December 2010, wildfires killed over 40 people in northern Israel. Turkey sent assistance, but relations did not improve. On 23 October 2011, hundreds died in an earthquake in Eastern Turkey. Turkey initially declined offers of international assistance and then relented, including accepting assistance from essay prizes psychiatry, Israel on 25 October 2011. History! No change in Israel-Turkey relations was noticed as a result of plan teaching writing paper either the fires in essay Israel or the earthquake in Turkey.
Bar-Dayan, Y., P. Ovetz! Beard, D. Introduction Essay! Mankuta, A. Finestone, Y. Wolf, C. Gruzman, Y. Levy, P. Benedek, M. Van Rooyen, and teaching writing paper, G. Martonovits. 2000. An Earthquake Disaster in Turkey: An Overview of the Experience of the essay Israeli Defence Forces Field Hospital in Adapazari. Disasters , vol. 24, no. 3, pp. Title! 262-270. Beck, A.A.
2015. Building bridges: The role of disaster diplomacy. Crisis Response Journal , vol. 11, no. 2, pp. Essay! 42-43. Karp, E., G. Sebbag, J. Peiser, O. Dukhno, A. Ovnat, I. Peace! Levy, E. Introduction Essay! Hyam, A. Plan Writing! Blumenfeld, Y. Kluger, D. Simon, and G. Shaked. 2007. Introduction Essay! Mass casualty incident after the Taba terrorist attack: an organisational and medical challenge. Disasters , vol.
31, no. Original Essay Title! 1, pp. 104-112. Schalimtzek, A. and I. Fischhendler. Dividing the cost burden of environmental services: the introduction history Israeli-Palestinian wastewater regime. Unit Plan A Research Paper! Environmental Politics , vol. 18, no. 4, 612-632. Mekong River (suggested by Bastien Affeltranger) Bastien Affeltranger has summarised his work on Floodproof diplomacy?
Data Exchange and Flood Forecasting on the Mekong (112 kb in PDF). This work examines hydrological cooperation on history essay the Mekong River basin, focusing on the production and title, circulation of hydrological and meteorological data for flood forecasting purposes. Data exchange is considered as a critical component of sound water-related decisions and sustainability of the Mekong River Commission as a basin institution. The research aims to identify the technical and political conditions and constraints to circulating hydrological data in particular. A key consideration is that lack of data weakens the institutional capacity (technically and politically) of environmental regimes such as basin organisations.
Research results are also expected to devise incentives likely to foster data exchange at both national and international levels. Greater Mekong Subregion Academic and Research Network (GMSARN) The text is from the GMSARN website (10 December 2011). Mekong River Commission (MRC) The text is from the MRC website (10 December 2011). By Ben Wisner (7 April 2004): Recent flash flooding in Rio Pedras, Mexico, across the border from Eagle Pass, Texas might be an instance of disaster diplomacy. Introduction Essay! Within 15 minutes, a tributary of the Rio Grande rose 8 meters. At least 37 people died, many of them elderly. U.S. Border Patrol helicopters were used for search and rescue.
I'm not sure if this was an ad hoc arrangement that was made with impressive speed, cutting through red tape, or whether, as in other, larger border towns, there are some standing arrangements. It's a small example, and also somewhat bittersweet given the number of illegals who die each year trying to cross the border to find work in the U.S. (probably at least 200-300 each year). On 24 April 2007, tornadoes killed seven people in Rosita Valley, Texas on the Mexican border. The clean-up was significantly helped by essay the neighbouring town of Piedras Negras in Mexico which provided several trucks along with personnel, even though Piedras Negras was also hit by the tornadoes and suffered three fatalities. Aside from the cross-border disaster, the disaster diplomacy dimension is poignant because this border area is watching the American federal government build a wall along the frontier in order to keep out immigrants, despite the essay locals' unhappiness with this policy and the strong cultural connections between both sides of the separate border. The Mexican willingness to help their American neighbours, as after Hurricane Katrina, does not appear to have affected, or have been affected by, the policy of the wall. Similarly, the policy of the wall is proceeding despite these examples of post-disaster cross-border assistance. On 23 July 2008, Category 2 Hurricane Dolly made landfall in introduction history essay Texas near the Mexican border. Severe flooding resulted across the region and one person was electrocuted in the border town of Matamoros, Mexico after stepping on a submerged power line while wading through flood waster. Including some questions from Ben Wisner, this case study would be an excellent opportunity not only to examine differences in for a separate all disaster-related activities across a border, but also the extent (or lack thereof) of cooperation across a border which one state, the introduction history USA, is trying to seal even further. Did authorities on mla formal each side of the border communicate regarding the hurricane?
Were any long-term hurricane disaster risk reduction activities going on? With the numerous personal and family links across the USA-Mexico border in this region, what role did informal networks play? Did response authorities on one side of the border assist on the other side? How has recent USA immigration policy influenced these ties or the locals' willingness and ability to assist each other? Did border control efforts inhibit disaster risk reduction or disaster response in any way?
Given the introduction essay overwhelming response to supporting research after Hurricane Katrina, it is a shame that similar attention is not accorded to this situation which would provide significant insights into mla formal, cross-border disaster risk reduction and disaster diplomacy at history essay multiple levels. On 20 April 2010, a BP drilling rig in separate peace the Gulf of history Mexico exploded leading to one of the worst unintentional oil spills in history, up to that time. The U.S.A.'s efforts to contain the robert ovetz spill and to repair the damage took several months, with Mexico amongst the countries offering assistance. Then, on 30 June 2010, Hurricane Alex, which had interfered with the clean-up efforts, made its second landfall just south of the history Mexico-U.S.A. border as a category 2 storm. Some border towns experienced major flooding. Clifford, R.A. Teaching A Research Paper! 1956. The Rio Grande flood; a comparative study of border communities in introduction essay disaster . Publication No. 458, National Academy of essay psychiatry Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
Norman, L.M., H. Huth, L. Levick, I.S. Burns, D.P. Guertin, F. Lara-Valencia and D. Semmens. 2010. Introduction History! Flood hazard awareness and hydrologic modelling at Ambos Nogales, United States-Mexico border. Journal of Flood Risk Management , vol.
3, no. 2, pp. 151-165. Olson, R.S. and V.T. Gawronski. 2003. Mla Formal Essay! Disasters as Critical Junctures? Managua, Nicaragua 1972 and Mexico City 1985. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. History! 21, no. 1, pp.
5-35. Middle East Seismicity. Middle East Regional Cooperation (MERC) The text is from MERC (10 January 2002): Earthquake Hazard Assessments for Building Codes.
The overall aim and specific objective is to produce maps and charts that will provide the necessary seismological data for the implementation of building codes and regulations in original Jordan, Israel, and the Palestinian National Authority. In order to introduction history essay achieve this overall aim we shall conduct studies and surveys to obtain: 1. A unified catalogue of earthquakes. 2. Robert Ovetz Dissertation! Update regionalisation of seismogenic zones and assessment of introduction their seismic capabilities. 3. Scaling laws of dynamic source parameters of local and regional earthquakes and attenuation of medical essay psychiatry seismic energy across the region. 4. Implement state of the introduction history art procedures for earthquake hazard assessments and testing new approaches (e.g. a modification of the SEEH (SvE) method). 5. Seismo-engineering characterisation of buildings common in the region. Middle East Seismological Forum (MESF) The text is from medical, MESF (4 December 2011): MESF is a Non-Profit Scientific Cyber Forum that provides a One-Stop Web Source for authoritative earthquake information on the Middle Eastern Region’s seismicity, seismologists and ongoing scientific activities for a better interaction and integration with the introduction international seismological communities. Segalla, S.D.
2012. Mla Formal Essay! The 1959 Moroccan oil poisoning and US Cold War disaster diplomacy. Essay! The Journal of North African Studies , vol. Robert Ovetz Dissertation! 17, no. 2, pp. Introduction Essay! 315-336. Segalla, S.D. 2016. Natural Disaster, Globalization, and Decolonization: the Case of the 1960 Agadir Earthquake.
Chapter 4, pp. 101-127 in P. Lorcin and T. Shepard (eds.), French Mediterraneans: Transnational and Imperial Histories , University of mla formal essay Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A. Bommer, J. 1985. The politics of disaster - Nicaragua. Disasters , vol. 9, no.
4, pp. 270-278. de Boer, J.Z. and D.T. Sanders. 2005. The 1972 Managua Earthquake: Catalyst for Revolution. Chapter 10, pp. 221-241 in J.Z. de Boer and introduction essay, D.T. Sanders, Earthquakes in essay psychiatry Human History: The Far-Reaching Effects of history essay Seismic Disruptions , Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.A.
Olson, R.S. and V.T. Gawronski. 2003. Disasters as Critical Junctures? Managua, Nicaragua 1972 and robert dissertation, Mexico City 1985. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 5-35. Southeast Asia Regional Haze. Brauer, M. and J. Hisham-Hashim.
1998. Fires in Indonesia: Crisis and reaction. Introduction History! Environmental Science and Technology , vol. 32, no. 17, pp. 404A-407A. Islam, Md S., Y.H. Pei, and S. Mangharam. 2016. Trans-Boundary Haze Pollution in Southeast Asia: Sustainability through Plural Environmental Governance.
Sustainability , vol. 8, no. 499, pp. 1-13. Zhang, R., G. Li, J. Fan, D.L. Wu, and original essay title, M.J. Molina. Essay! 2007. Intensification of Pacific storm track linked to Asian pollution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , vol. 104, no.
13, pp. 5295-5299. 10 June 2002. Research Paper! The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) signs a pact to jointly combat regional transborder haze. The ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (272 kb in PDF) was accompanied by history essay the following Press Release: ASEAN Signs Agreement to Tackle Haze. Southern Africa and the 2002 to 2003 famine. 31 May 2002. Zimbabwe rejects American GMO food aid.
BBC Coverage. 17 August 2002. Zambia rejects American GMO food aid. BBC Coverage. 21 August 2002. Essay Prizes Psychiatry! Head of USAID accuses Mugabe of causing famine. BBC Coverage. 23 August 2002. WFP wants countries to accept GMO food aid. BBC Coverage.
3 September 2002. History Essay! Zambia calls GMO food aid poison. BBC Coverage. 6 September 2002. Deal reached for Zimbabwe accepting GMO food aid. Essay! BBC Coverage. 8 September 2002. Claims that Zambia will permit GMO food aid to be used to feed Angolan and DRC refugees. BBC Coverage.
11 September 2002. Zambia denies claims that GMO food aid will be allowed for refugees. BBC Coverage. 29 October 2002. Zambia again rejects GMO food aid. BBC Coverage. 31 October 2002. History Essay! USA criticises Zambia over GMO food aid stance. BBC Coverage.
6 November 2002. Zambia asks why aid workers distributed GMO food aid in refugee camps. BBC Coverage. The refusal in August 2002 of Zimbabwe, Zambia, and daniel boone research paper, Mozambique to accept food aid which contains or might contain genetically modified items raises poignant disaster and development questions. Is it a case of exacerbating the short-term/acute disaster of introduction history essay famine in order to robert ovetz avert the long-term/chronic disaster of GM crops contaminating local crops? Is it a radical solution to counter issues of poor environmental manipulation, misapplied technocratic solutions, and Monsanto globalisation, despite the short-term sacrifice required in starvation? Or is it yet another example of an excuse to play politics with food, food as a political weapon, and disaster undiplomacy? From the disaster diplomacy perspective, this disaster does not seem to have affected Mugabe's games. Useful insights might be gleaned from an analysis of the current situation and comparison with Ailsa Holloway's analysis of drought diplomacy in southern Africa. Are there also comparisons with regional water management, including the Mozambique floods, over the past few years and introduction essay, decades?
Back to essay title the current famine, to what extent is the conflict over GM aid dominated by donor countries' views that any aid is acceptable? USAID's Andrew Natsios seems to take the stance that Africa should accept all proffered aid, irrespective of history essay other criteria. Robert! In interviews, he implied that no right to introduction essay refuse aid exists and it is typical arrogance to assume that what is good for the USA is good for everyone else in the world. I believe that the disaster management community has gone beyond this attitude. Aid and assistance must be socially and culturally acceptable and psychiatry, must be sensitive to the needs of the introduction history beneficiary. During the Mt. Pinatubo crisis in 1991, the indigenous Aeta refused Western food and medicine because it was unfamiliar. Many died in camps. Would we insist that meat products be accepted by forced migrants whose religion bans followers from eating them? Or do we still think that we can dump anything on mla formal essay these poor, suffering people and that they should all be eternally grateful for our benevolent generosity?
Perhaps the essay USA is playing politics with food? Would it be feasible that Monsanto has some influence in the White House? Zambia's response seems reasonable and straightforward: please give us money to buy the ordinary food that people in Zambia eat, or buy it for us on our behalf. Why is USAID not doing so?  nbsp; I am also disappointed by some of the reporting on this issue, such as claiming that southern Africa is facing severe food shortages caused by erratic rains and floods. Statements that political influences also helped to cause the disaster are far more appropriate. We must never forget the vulnerability contribution to disaster.
By George Kent (19 August 2002): Ilan raises some very important issues here about the use of essay title genetically modified foods in humanitarian assistance. There is fault to history be found on the part of both the robert ovetz donor government (USA) and the receiving governments (Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe). Both appear to be engaged in GMO politics while people go hungry. Since the debate over genetically modified foods is history, still raging, I think the operative principle ought to be informed choice on the part of the medical student essay prizes psychiatry final consumer. Introduction! That is, the plan teaching people who are the end users should be free to decide, but on the basis of the history essay best available information. Of course they also should have meaningful choices: the choice should not be between GMO food or nothing, but between GMO foods and non-GMO foods. It is title, true that there is an introduction essay, obligation to take account of the preferences and cultural norms of the recipients.
This is clearly indicated in: United Nations Economic and Social Council, Committee on Economic, Social and robert dissertation, Cultural Rights. Substantive Issues Arising in the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: General Comment 12 (Twentieth Session, 1999) The Right to Adequate Food (art. 11) , (Geneva: ECOSOC E/C.12/1999/5). Paragraph 11 speaks of the need to consider acceptability: Cultural or consumer acceptability implies the need also to take into account, as far as possible, perceived non nutrient-based values attached to food and food consumption and informed consumer concerns regarding the nature of accessible food supplies. However, we must also acknowledge that no single country is obligated to provide any international humanitarian assistance of any kind. The USA could reasonably say we have genetically modified foods to offer, and if you think the needy should have something else, go ahead and give it. There is history essay, currently no right, no entitlement of the needy to international humanitarian assistance. The Geneva Conventions do say that food should not be used for political purposes, but nothing says that any specific country must provide food. In an daniel research paper, article on The human right to disaster mitigation and essay, relief (2001, Environmental Hazards , vol. 3, pp.
137-138), I argue that we should come to recognise that under some conditions the needy have a right to humanitarian assistance. There have been many examples of questionable foods being provided in international assistance. For example, when wheat is essay title, supplied to rice-consuming peoples, there is the suspicion that part of the donor's purpose is to convert the introduction recipients into bread eaters. Receiving countries generally would prefer to have cash assistance, but they are likely to get more food overall if they accept whatever the donors are interested in pressing on them. I think disaster specialists should focus on original essay title the broader question of when and how the needy should be viewed as having a right to history essay assistance, and leave the specific debate over genetically modified foods to essay separate be resolved by others. Sri Lanka Floods. In May 2003, Sri Lanka was hit by devastating floods, reported as being the worst in 50 years. History Essay! Several hundred people died and more than 150,000 people were displaced. Despite recent tensions between the Tamil Tigers and the government of Sri Lanka over peace negotiations, the Tigers donated relief supplies. BBC Coverage.
The news story suggests that the significance of the gesture is far more important the impact of the a research paper actual donation--a classic case of history essay disaster diplomacy. Sri Lanka presumably experienced disasters previously during the conflict. Did the Tigers assist in any way during such events or did they use disasters to their advantage? If the May 2003 floods are the first case of the Tigers actively assisting Sinhalese areas during a disaster, then further support is provided for the view that disaster can assist but not start diplomatic processes. Otherwise, Sri Lanka might be a good disaster diplomacy case study. Irrespective, the provision of aid is significant and is hopefully appreciated. The challenge is to use the gesture to move forward on the peace process rather than other cases where such acts have been quickly forgotten or overridden by other issues and events. By Rob Taylor (23 March 2008) posted on Alertnet: Heavy rains in Sri Lanka have killed eight people and affected more than 340,000 others while restricting military gains over rebels in the country's worsening civil war, the military said on Sunday. Unusually heavy torrential rains have caused widespread flooding and landslides in eastern agricultural and rice-growing areas, as well as in original essay title the north where the military has launched a fresh offensive against Tamil Tiger rebels. Military spokesman Brigadier Udaya Nanyakkara said the offensive against the Tigers was continuing, but flooding had caused supply bottlenecks.
Autesserre, Severine. 2002. United States 'Humanitarian Diplomacy' in South Sudan. Journal of Humanitarian Assistance , March 2002, full text posted here with permission. Holcombe, A. 1987.
Reaching beyond famine relief: Planning a strategy for rehabilitation and development in Darfur Region, western Sudan. GeoJournal , vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 11-18. Myhrvold-Hanssen, T. Essay! discusses the 1986-1989 famine in Sudan and its relationship to democratic government in his paper posted at the case study of India and the 1966 to 1967 Bihar Famine. In December 1999, especially on 16 December, Vargas near Caracas experienced intense rainfall and devastating mudslides, killing approximately 30,000 people. Fassin, D. and P. Vasquez. 2005. Mla Formal Essay! Humanitarian exception as the rule: The political theology of the 1999 Tragedia in Venezuela.
American Ethnologist , vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 389-405. Along with more than $7 million in donations collected during the first five days of the disaster--which, according to introduction essay the local press, bore witness to the Venezuelan people's generosity--international contributions were seen as so many 'gestures of original essay friendship' ( El Nacional 1999). The governments of the United States and France were the first to provide aid, followed by the UN Development Programme, the Inter-American Development Bank, and nongovernmental organizations, led by Caritas.
This demonstration of international solidarity with the victims was hardly dented by Chavez's highly symbolic decision to deny U.S. ships berthing rights in Venezuelan waters, in introduction essay the name of national sovereignty. (p. 397). El Nacional . 1999. Solidaridad total. El Nacional , December 21. Section: Editorial, Primera pagina.
In September 2005, Hurricane Katrina struck the USA. Venezuela offered aid which did not garner an official reaction from the USA. Disaster Casualty Identification. Karp, E., G. Sebbag, J. Peiser, O. Dukhno, A. Ovnat, I. Unit Writing! Levy, E. Hyam, A. Blumenfeld, Y. Kluger, D. Simon, and G. Shaked. 2007.
Mass casualty incident after the Taba terrorist attack: an organisational and medical challenge. Disasters , vol. 31, no. 1, pp. History! 104-112. McEntire, D., A.A. Sadiq, and K. Daniel! Gupta. 2012. History Essay! Unidentified Bodies and ovetz, Mass-Fatality Management in Haiti: A Case Study of the January 2010 Earthquake with a Cross-Cultural Comparison.
International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 301-327. Merli, C. and T. Buck. 2015. Forensic identification and identity politics in 2004 post-tsunami Thailand: Negotiating dissolving boundaries. History! Human Remains and Violence , vol. 1, no. 1, pp.
3-22. Scanlon, J. 2006. Original! Dealing with the Tsunami Dead: Unprecedented International Co-operation. Australian Journal of Emergency Management , vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 57-61. Solheim, T. and A. History! van den Bos. 1982.
International Disaster Identification Report. Investigative and Dental Aspects. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology , vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 63-67. van den Bos A. 1980.
Mass identification: A multidisciplinary operation. The Dutch experience. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology , vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 265-270. van den Bos, A. Daniel Paper! 1981. International Cooperation in introduction history Disaster Victim Identification. Journal of the Forensic Science Society , vol. Boone Research! 21, no.
2, pp. 88 (abstract only). Discrimination in Disaster Aid (suggested by introduction history essay George Kent) Could potential disaster diplomacy outcomes, and their ultimate success or failure, be influenced by daniel the culture, race, ethnicity, or religion of the parties (e.g. countries or political groups) involved? Would successful disaster diplomacy be more likely when the parties are from introduction history essay, similar groups, due to plan teaching empathy? Or could larger differences suggest a more powerful impetus towards overcoming enmity in order to demonstrate a humanitarian imperative in the face of disparity?
One aspect of this issue which could be explored are case studies where racism, sexism, and other biases were evident in the disaster assistance proffered to introduction history essay survivors. India. Following the 26 January 2001 earthquake as part of the original title India/Pakistan case study, allegations were made that aid was withheld from essay, lower castes at the local level because of the view that those people did not deserve to receive any help. Indian Ocean Tsunami 26 December 2004. Robert Dissertation! In Sri Lanka and Aceh, the history essay warring groups accused each other of inhibiting aid operations. Were any differences observed in the amount or type of essay aid received by history countries, due to criteria other than need? If not, what went right? Kosovo. In 1999, Kosovar refugees were treated far better than refugees in Africa were being treated in issues such as food, medical care, and unit writing, shelter. U.S.A. In 2005, following Hurricane Katrina, suggestions were made that the poor response and introduction essay, relief efforts in the immediate aftermath of the medical student prizes disaster were because most of the people who needed assistance were black.
How would the history essay patterns for international disaster aid compare to the patterns for domestic disaster aid? Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program. The Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program (GSHAP) ran from 1992-1998 to plan teaching paper promote a regionally coordinated, homogeneous approach to seismic hazard evaluation. GSHAP examined some test areas in conflict zones including the Caucasus and introduction history essay, India-China-Tibet. Examples of prizes Near-Earth Object (NEO) information come from NASA and Spaceguard. Little is provided on history essay potential disaster diplomacy implications. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) works on international cooperation for astronomy while the United Nations Office For Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) has worked on international cooperation for dealing with NEOs.
International cooperation could form the basis for ovetz dissertation linkages amongst countries which normally would not consider working together. When political decisions on NEOs must be made--for example related to history monitoring NEOs, sharing information, planning for a crisis, preventing an original title, impact, or responding to introduction an impact--these scientific linkages have the potential for leading to interaction at higher political levels: the spillover mentioned in daniel boone research the Preface to Kelman and Koukis (2000). On 17 February 2007, the United Nations started work on a draft treaty to address the NEO threat. BBC reports. The material on the disaster diplomacy website is provided as only an introduction history essay, information source.
Neither definitive advice nor recommendations are implied. Each person or organisation accessing the website is responsible for making their own assessment of the topics discussed and are strongly advised to verify all information. Original Essay Title! No liability will be accepted for loss or damage incurred as a result of using the introduction essay material on this website. The appearance of external links on this website does not constitute endorsement of the research paper organisations, information, products, or services contained on that external website.
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